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Ahl, Astrid
Publications (10 of 24) Show all publications
Olofsson, Å., Taube, K. & Ahl, A. (2015). Academic Achievement of University Students with Dyslexia. Dyslexia, 21(4), 338-349
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Academic Achievement of University Students with Dyslexia
2015 (English)In: Dyslexia, ISSN 1076-9242, E-ISSN 1099-0909, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 338-349Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Broadened recruitment to higher education is on the agenda in many countries, and it is also widely recognized that the number of dyslexic students entering higher education is increasing. In Sweden, as in many other European countries, higher education institutions are required to accommodate students with dyslexia. The present study focuses on the study outcome for 50 students with diagnosed dyslexia, mainly in teacher education and nurses’ training, at three universities in Northern Sweden. The students trusted their own ability to find information on the Internet but mistrusted their own abilities in reading course books and articles in English and in taking notes. The mean rate of study was 23.5 European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System credits per semester, which is slightly below the national baseline of 26.7. The results show that more than half of the students are examined at a normal rate of study but that about one fifth have a very low rate of study.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2015
Keywords
dyslexia, university studies, student achievements, functional disorders, teacher education, nursing education
National Category
Educational Sciences Psychology
Research subject
Psychology; Education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-111173 (URN)10.1002/dys.1517 (DOI)000364518100004 ()
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 721-2008-5344
Available from: 2015-11-06 Created: 2015-11-06 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Takala, M. & Ahl, A. (2014). Special education in Swedish and Finnish schools: seeing the forest or the trees?. British Journal of Special Education, 41(1), 59-81
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Special education in Swedish and Finnish schools: seeing the forest or the trees?
2014 (English)In: British Journal of Special Education, ISSN 0952-3383, E-ISSN 1467-8578, Vol. 41, no 1, p. 59-81Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this research was to study the content of the work of two special education professions in Sweden, special teachers and special pedagogues. In addition, we compare their work to the work of Finnish special teachers. The Swedish participants were 74 special educators: 27 special teachers and 47 special pedagogues. The Finnish data were from an earlier study, involving 133 special teachers. Participants in both countries were approached via a questionnaire. The results show that Swedish special pedagogues do more consultative work and Swedish special teachers more direct work with pupils. However, there is plenty of overlap in the work profiles of Swedish special pedagogues and special teachers. Most of the work content is in line with the Finnish findings, except that Finnish special teachers had a minor consultative role. It seems that the work duties across the two professions, special pedagogues and special teachers, are somewhat similar. Their ways of working in practice are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2014
Keywords
special education professionals, comparative study, swedish, finnish
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-87742 (URN)10.1111/1467-8578.12049 (DOI)2-s2.0-84897852174 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2014-04-08 Created: 2014-04-08 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Olofsson, Å., Taube, K. & Ahl, A. (2013). Att studera på universitet med dyslexi: Universitetsstudenter med dyslexi: lärandestrategier, studieresultat och konsekvenser för undervisningen. In: Resultatdialog 2013: (pp. 161-169). Stockholm: Vetenskapsrådet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att studera på universitet med dyslexi: Universitetsstudenter med dyslexi: lärandestrategier, studieresultat och konsekvenser för undervisningen
2013 (Swedish)In: Resultatdialog 2013, Stockholm: Vetenskapsrådet , 2013, p. 161-169Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Vad händer när personer med dyslexi blir universitetsstudenter? De allra flesta klarar studiemålen, men några har lägre studietakt. Det visar sig att studenter med dyslexi till stor del kan beskrivas som långsamma läsare. De hinner inte läsa allt som de borde läsa och de har svårigheter med att hinna anteckna och med att skriva tentor, rapporter och uppsatser.

De använder varierande hjälpmedel, både sådant stöd som universitetet ger och personliga metoder och strategier.

Bland universitetslärarna finns meningar om att studenter med dyslexi innebär merarbete och en viss oro över hur studenterna skall klara sig i sin framtida yrkesutövning efter examen. Positiva tecken är att flera relativt enkla detaljer i undervisningens upplägg som gynnar studenter med dyslexi också är värdefulla för samtliga studenter.

Abstract [sv]

Projektet Dyslexi, lärande och undervisning inom högre utbildning har tittat närmare på vad som händer när personer med dyslexi blir universitetsstudenter. Målet breddad rekrytering gör att vi kan förvänta oss en ökande andel sådana studenter. Det visar sig att studenter med dyslexi till stor del kan beskrivas som långsamma läsare. De hinner inte läsa allt som de borde läsa och de har svårigheter med att hinna anteckna och med att skriva tentor, rapporter och uppsatser. De använder varierande hjälpmedel, både sådant stöd som universitetet ger och personliga metoder och strategier. De allra flesta klarar studiemålen, men några har lägre studietakt. Bland universitetslärarna finns meningar om att studenter med dyslexi innebär merarbete och en viss oro över hur studenterna skall klara sig i sin framtida yrkesutövning efter examen. Positiva tecken är att flera relativt enkla detaljer i undervisningens upplägg som gynnar studenter med dyslexi också är positiva för samtliga studenter.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Vetenskapsrådet, 2013
Series
Vetenskapsrådets rapportserie, ISSN 1651-7350 ; 2013:4
Keywords
universitetsstudier, funktionshinder, dyslexi, studieresultat, kompensation, studiestrategier
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology; Education; educational work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-83735 (URN)978-91-7307-232-8 (ISBN)
Projects
Dyslexi, lärande och undervisning i högre utbildning
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 721-2008-5344
Available from: 2013-12-05 Created: 2013-12-05 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Takala, M., Sarromaa Haussttätter, R., Ahl, A. & Head, G. (2012). Inclusion seen by student teachers in special education: differences among Finnish, Norwegian and Swedish students. European Journal of Teacher Education, 35(3), 305-325
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Inclusion seen by student teachers in special education: differences among Finnish, Norwegian and Swedish students
2012 (English)In: European Journal of Teacher Education, ISSN 0261-9768, E-ISSN 1469-5928, Vol. 35, no 3, p. 305-325Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article describes various views of special teacher students towards inclusion. In order to examine these, we analysed a series of statements made by students in Finland, Norway and Sweden. The specific aims were to see how these views can be seen as supportive or challenging for inclusion in schools. A questionnaire with one closed question and two open-ended questions was used in all countries. The results show that students in similar Nordic countries have different views about inclusion. Norwegian students mostly supported inclusion while Finnish students expressed the most reservations. The arguments about inclusion by Norwegian students were the most pupil-focused; those by Finns were teacher-focused, with Swedes being in between. The results seem to reflect the educational policy in these countries. Discussions, more information, as well as good models of inclusion seem to be needed. The implications of these findings for special and regular teacher education are also discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2012
Keywords
inclusive education, teacher education, student teacher attitudes
National Category
Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-54047 (URN)10.1080/02619768.2011.654333 (DOI)000307160500005 ()
Available from: 2012-10-02 Created: 2012-04-12 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Olofsson, Å., Ahl, A. & Taube, K. (2012). Learning and study strategies in university students with dyslexia: Implications for teaching. Paper presented at Cyprus International Conference on Educational Research CY-ICER, Cyprus, Feb 8-10, 2012. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 47, 1184-1193
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Learning and study strategies in university students with dyslexia: Implications for teaching
2012 (English)In: Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, ISSN 1877-0428, E-ISSN 1877-0428, Vol. 47, p. 1184-1193Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study examined how dyslexia affects students' ability to benefit fromhigher education, the strategies that successful students with these problemsuse, and the support offered by the higher education institutions. Results frominterviews, self-reports and testing of 53 university students and 42 lecturersfrom 3 Swedish universities showed that students with dyslexia have problemswith a number of skills and academic tasks, e.g. note taking and expressingideas in writing. Many of the students described that their difficulties werelong-standing and had been experienced already in elementary school. Thestudents seemed to compensate via additional time for examinations, access todyslexia tutors and support by information technology. The results indicate thatthere are significant knowledge gaps in the educational institutions regardingstudents who have dyslexia.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2012
Keywords
Adult dyslexia, higher education, compensated dyslexics, learning strategies
National Category
Educational Sciences
Research subject
Education; Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-60554 (URN)10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.06.798 (DOI)
Conference
Cyprus International Conference on Educational Research CY-ICER, Cyprus, Feb 8-10, 2012
Projects
Dyslexi, lärande och undervisning i högre utbildning.
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 721-2008-5344
Available from: 2012-10-16 Created: 2012-10-16 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Olofsson, Å., Ahl, A. & Taube, K. (2012). Universitetsstudenter med dyslexi: Läsförmåga och studiestrategier. In: : . Paper presented at The “16th Nordic Reading Conference, Reykjavik, 13-14 June 2012.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Universitetsstudenter med dyslexi: Läsförmåga och studiestrategier
2012 (Swedish)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Många länder strävar efter ett breddat intag till universitetsstudier och att öka andelen ungdomar som går vidare till högskolestudier. Samtidigt som rekryteringen vidgas ökar antalet studenter med dyslexi i högre utbildning. Denna studie undersöker universitetsstudenter med dyslexi, hur deras studiesituation ser ut, samt de strategier som studenter med dessa problem använder.

Resultat av intervjuer, självrapporter och test från 52 studenter, huvudsakligen vid lärar- och sjuksköterskeutbildningar, visar att studenterna har tydliga svårigheter med snabb och effektiv ordavkodning men att de använder många olika kompensatoriska metoder för att klara sina studier. Studiemoment som upplevs som särskilt krävande är att göra föreläsningsanteckningar, akademiskt skrivande och att läsa engelsk kurslitteratur. Kompensation sker både med hjälp av stöd som ges av universitetet, som exempelvis förlängd tid vid skriftliga examinationer och användning av informationsteknologi, samt genom egna personliga strategier. Resultaten indikerar att det finns stora kunskapsgap hos institutionerna när det gäller studenter som har dyslexi.

National Category
Educational Sciences
Research subject
Psychology; Education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-61510 (URN)
Conference
The “16th Nordic Reading Conference, Reykjavik, 13-14 June 2012
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 721-2008-5344
Available from: 2012-11-16 Created: 2012-11-16 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Olofsson, Å., Ahl, A. & Taube, K. (2011). Dyslexia and study skills in higher education: learning and teaching. In: The Eighteen Annual Conference of the Society for the Scientific Study of Reading,  St Pete Beach, Florida, July 13-16, 2011. Paper presented at The Eighteen Annual Conference of the Society for the Scientific Study of Reading, July 13-16, St Pete Beach, Florida..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dyslexia and study skills in higher education: learning and teaching
2011 (English)In: The Eighteen Annual Conference of the Society for the Scientific Study of Reading,  St Pete Beach, Florida, July 13-16, 2011, 2011Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Purpose: To investigate how dyslexia affects university students' ability to benefit from higher education, to describe the strategies that students with these problems use, and to examine the higher education institutions' support for these students.

Method: Structured and semi-structured interviews, self-reports and testing of 36 university students and interviewes with 30 lecturers from 3 Swedish higher education institutions (teacher training and nursing).

Results: The students with dyslexia were found to have problems with a number of skills and academic tasks, e.g. note taking and expressing ideas in writing. Many of them described that their difficulties were long-standing and had been experienced already in elementary school, but the nature of their problems often change over time. The students seemed to make use of resources available to them, including additional time for examinations, access to dyslexia tutors and support with information technology.

Conclusions: The results suggest that there are significant knowledge gaps in the educational institutions regarding people who have dyslexia, especially for students not identified formally and explicitly in the compulsory school. Such students may have a very different educational background compared to the traditional group with dyslexia and may be in need for a special type of support. It is suggested that knowledge about students with dyslexia is of great importance for the design of higher education in order to cope with new groups of students.

National Category
Psychology Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-47553 (URN)
Conference
The Eighteen Annual Conference of the Society for the Scientific Study of Reading, July 13-16, St Pete Beach, Florida.
Projects
Dyslexi, lärande och undervisning i högre utbildning
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2008-5344
Available from: 2011-09-22 Created: 2011-09-22 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Johansen, J.-B., Ahl, A., Pettersson, G., Ström, K. & Langels, R.-M. (2011). Specialpedagogisk verksamhet i små skolmiljöer: Nordiskt pilotprojekt med inriktning på specialpedagogiskt arbete i små skolmiljöer.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Specialpedagogisk verksamhet i små skolmiljöer: Nordiskt pilotprojekt med inriktning på specialpedagogiskt arbete i små skolmiljöer
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2011 (Swedish)Report (Refereed)
Publisher
p. 64
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-74906 (URN)
Available from: 2013-07-01 Created: 2013-07-01 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Ahl, A., Olofsson, Å. & Taube, K. (2010). Studenter med dyslexi inom högre utbildning i Sverige och Storbritannien. Dyslexi : aktuellt om läs- och skrivsvårigheter (3), 4-9
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Studenter med dyslexi inom högre utbildning i Sverige och Storbritannien
2010 (Swedish)In: Dyslexi : aktuellt om läs- och skrivsvårigheter, ISSN 1401-2480, no 3, p. 4-9Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Solna: Svenska Dyslexiföreningen, 2010
Keywords
funktionshinder, dyslexi
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Research subject
Education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-42960 (URN)
Projects
dyslexi, lärande och undervisning i högre utbildning
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2011-04-15 Created: 2011-04-15 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
From, J., Holmgren, C., Andersson, H. & Ahl, A. (2008). Ali so šole brez predmika mogoce?. In: FLEKSIBILNI PREDMETIK – pot dov ejcje avtonomije, strokovne odgovornosti in kakovosti czojno-izobraževalnega dela (pp. 17-25). : Zavod Republike Slovenije za šolstvo, Ljubljana
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ali so šole brez predmika mogoce?
2008 (English)In: FLEKSIBILNI PREDMETIK – pot dov ejcje avtonomije, strokovne odgovornosti in kakovosti czojno-izobraževalnega dela, Zavod Republike Slovenije za šolstvo, Ljubljana , 2008, p. 17-25Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Zavod Republike Slovenije za šolstvo, Ljubljana, 2008
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-10745 (URN)9789612346638 (ISBN)
Available from: 2008-10-29 Created: 2008-10-29 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
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