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Wikström, Magnus
Publications (10 of 35) Show all publications
Wikström, M. & Wikström, C. (2018). Admissions Tests. In: Bruce B. Frey (Ed.), The SAGE Encyclopedia of Educational Research, Measurement, and Evaluation: (pp. 48-51). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Admissions Tests
2018 (English)In: The SAGE Encyclopedia of Educational Research, Measurement, and Evaluation / [ed] Bruce B. Frey, Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, 2018, p. 48-51Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, 2018
National Category
Educational Sciences
Research subject
Economics; didactics of educational measurement
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-154301 (URN)10.4135/9781506326139.n24 (DOI)9781506326153 (ISBN)9781506326139 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2014-1990
Available from: 2018-12-15 Created: 2018-12-15 Last updated: 2018-12-15
Wikström, C. & Wikström, M. (2017). Group differences in student performance in the selection to higher education: tests vs grades. Frontiers in Education, 2, Article ID 45.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Group differences in student performance in the selection to higher education: tests vs grades
2017 (English)In: Frontiers in Education, ISSN 2504-284X, Vol. 2, article id 45Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Student selection in the Swedish admission to higher education system is based on two fundamentally different performance measures: their criterion-referenced upper secondary grade point average (GPA) and their score on a norm-referenced and multiple-choice admissions test [Swedish admissions test (SweSAT)]. Several student characteristics are known to affect rankings in such assessments. The objectives of this study are to assess main and interactive effects of several variables that influence rankings obtained from these measures in greater detail than previously attempted and assess the findings from a fairness perspective. The data consist of test scores, upper secondary grades, and background information for SweSAT participants aged 19–25 years, who took the test in the autumn of 2011 (N = 23,214) or spring of 2012 (N = 27,075). The data were analyzed through correlation and regression analyses. The results support previous findings that gender, parents’ education, and immigration status are all influential. Males obtain better SweSAT scores than females, while females obtain better GPAs, in accordance with previous findings regarding gender-related variations in rankings provided by similar instruments. Moreover, we found the same pattern in scores for specific components of the test and grades in specific subjects, suggesting that the test and GPA measure different, gender-related, things. In addition, students with an immigrant background seem to be more highly ranked by grades than by the SweSAT, largely due to differences in assessments of their verbal skills.

Keywords
admission, selection by competition, grade point average, Swedish admissions test, fairness, group differences, higher education
National Category
Educational Sciences
Research subject
Education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-138667 (URN)10.3389/feduc.2017.00045 (DOI)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2014-01990
Available from: 2017-08-27 Created: 2017-08-27 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Granlund, D. & Wikström, M. (2016). Public Provision and Cross-Border Health Care. Forum for Health Economics & Policy, 19(2), 157-177
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Public Provision and Cross-Border Health Care
2016 (English)In: Forum for Health Economics & Policy, ISSN 1558-9544, E-ISSN 1558-9544, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 157-177Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We study how the optimal public provision of health care depends on whether or not individuals have an option to seek publicly financed treatment in other regions. We find that, relative to the first-best solution, the government has an incentive to over-provide health care to low-income individuals. When cross-border health care takes place, this incentive is solely explained by that over-provision facilitates redistribution. The reason why more health care facilitates redistribution is that high-ability individuals mimicking low-ability individuals benefit the least from health care when health and labor supply are complements. Without cross-border health care, higher demand for health care among high-income individuals also contributes to the over-provision given that high-income individuals do not work considerably less than low-income individuals and that the government cannot discriminate between the income groups by giving them different access to health care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Walter de Gruyter, 2016
Keywords
Health expenditure, Income redistribution, Patient mobility, Public Provision, Waiting time
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-84216 (URN)10.1515/fhep-2014-0024 (DOI)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and WelfareRiksbankens Jubileumsfond
Available from: 2013-12-18 Created: 2013-12-18 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Wikström, M., Kotyrlo, E. & Hanes, N. (2015). Childcare Reform: Effects on Earnings and Employment among Native Swedish and Immigrant Mothers. In: Solomon W. Polachek, Konstantinos Tatsiramos, Klaus F. Zimmermann (Ed.), Gender in the Labor Market: (pp. 93-129). Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Childcare Reform: Effects on Earnings and Employment among Native Swedish and Immigrant Mothers
2015 (English)In: Gender in the Labor Market / [ed] Solomon W. Polachek, Konstantinos Tatsiramos, Klaus F. Zimmermann, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2015, p. 93-129Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper studies earnings and labor force participation of native Swedes and recent immigrants in Sweden in response to the childcare reforms of 2001 and 2002 using a difference-in-differences approach and register-based data for the period of 1995–2009. Immigrant and native Swedish mothers are distinguished in order to study if increased accessibility to childcare might be particularly beneficial for groups facing obstacles in entering the labor market. The results show that the reforms had a positive effect on earnings and labor force participation among native mothers with preschool children. The group of immigrant mothers studied did not experience any gain in labor market outcomes as a response to the reform.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2015
Series
Research in Labor Economics, ISSN 0147-9121 ; 42
Keywords
Childcare reform; Immigrant; Labor force participation; Earnings; Family policy; Difference-in-difference
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-95547 (URN)10.1108/S0147-912120150000042003 (DOI)978-1-78560-141-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2014-10-30 Created: 2014-10-30 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Lyrén, P.-E., Rolfsman, E., Wedman, J., Wikström, C. & Wikström, M. (2014). Det nya högskoleprovet: samband mellan provresultat och prestation i högskolan. Umeå: Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Det nya högskoleprovet: samband mellan provresultat och prestation i högskolan
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2014 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2014. p. 24
Keywords
högskoleprovet, antagning, urval, prov, prediktion, högskolan
National Category
Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-141422 (URN)
Available from: 2017-11-02 Created: 2017-11-02 Last updated: 2018-12-18Bibliographically approved
Aronsson, T., Heidrich, S. & Wikström, M. (2014). Social identity, education and tax policy. Umeå: Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social identity, education and tax policy
2014 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper analyzes the implications of social identity and self-categorization in the context of optimal redistributive income taxation. A two-type model is supplemented by an assumption that individuals select themselves into social categories, in which norms are formed and education effort choices partly depend on these norms. Optimal tax policy is analyzed under two different assumptions about the social objective function: a welfarist objective based on consumer preferences and a paternalist objective that does not reflect the consumer preference for social identity. We show how the welfarist government implements a tax policy to internalize the externalities arising from social norms, while the paternalist government uses tax policy to make individuals behave as if their preferences for social identity were absent.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2014. p. 32
Series
Umeå economic studies, ISSN 0348-1018 ; 891
Keywords
optimal income taxation, education, social identity, self-categorization
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-92091 (URN)
Available from: 2014-08-21 Created: 2014-08-21 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Wikström, M. & Wikström, C. (2014). Who benefits from university admissions tests?: a comparison between grades and test scores as selection instruments to higher education. Umeå
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Who benefits from university admissions tests?: a comparison between grades and test scores as selection instruments to higher education
2014 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In Sweden, there are two separate instruments for ranking applicants in the admission to higher education; the GPA from upper secondary school and the Swedish Scholastic Assessment Test (the SweSAT). A problem in the selection is that different groups of students perform differently on the instruments. Also, while the GPA is regarded more valid but with reliability problems, the test is seen as reliable but with lower predictive validity. Hence, in 2011, the test was revised, with the purpose to increase its relevance for university studies. New item types and new subtests were introduced, and the weights of the verbal and quantitative parts of the test were made more balanced. This study compares how students are ranked on the basis of the new test compared to their GPA, to find out if previous group differences still remain. The data consists of test participants in the autumn of 2011 and spring of 2012 at the ages 17 to 25. The results show that the correlation between test scores and GPA is approximately the same as before the revision. It is also found that there are still group differences in terms of boys performing better on the test and girls on the GPA. However, when studying separate sub-tests and grades and national course tests from isolated subjects, the students seem to be ranked more similarly than in the overall SweSAT-GPA comparison. Although students with a non-Swedish background are performing lower than other students on both instruments, boys in this group seem to be graded more leniently than the girls with a similar background in mathematics, and the opposite is the case in verbal subjects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: , 2014. p. 49
Series
Umeå economic studies, ISSN 0348-1018 ; 874
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
didactics of educational measurement; Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-86120 (URN)
Available from: 2014-02-18 Created: 2014-02-18 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Hanes, N., Wikström, M. & Wångmar, E. (2012). Municipal Preferences for State-imposed Amalgamations: An Empirical Study Based on the Swedish Municipal Reform of 1952. Urban Studies, 49(12), 2733-2750
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Municipal Preferences for State-imposed Amalgamations: An Empirical Study Based on the Swedish Municipal Reform of 1952
2012 (English)In: Urban Studies, ISSN 0042-0980, E-ISSN 1360-063X, Vol. 49, no 12, p. 2733-2750Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper concerns municipal preferences for state-imposed municipal amalgamations, focusing on factors that may explain municipal acceptance of, or objection to, a state-imposed amalgamation decision. The empirical analysis is based on the extensive municipal reform that occurred in Sweden in 1952, which reduced the number of municipalities from 2498 to 1037. In 66 per cent of the amalgamated cases, at least one municipality complained. The results show that income differences affected the willingness to amalgamate; high-income municipalities opposed amalgamation with less wealthy municipalities. The results also indicate that the size (absolute and relative) of the municipalities affected their willingness to amalgamate. Small and large municipalities were most likely to accept the amalgamation decision and equally sized municipalities were less likely to amalgamate voluntarily.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2012
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-59714 (URN)10.1177/0042098011429488 (DOI)000307578800010 ()
Available from: 2012-10-31 Created: 2012-09-25 Last updated: 2019-01-29Bibliographically approved
Wikström, C. & Wikström, M. (2012). University entrance selection and age at admission. Uppsala
Open this publication in new window or tab >>University entrance selection and age at admission
2012 (English)Report (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper focuses on the predictive validity of the upper secondary grade point average (GPA), when used as selection instrument to higher education. The purpose of the paper is to find out if the predictive strength of the GPA is affected by time, here measured as the time that has passed between when the grades were received (graduation) and university entrance. The data includes approximately 5 900 students admitted to a Business administration or an Economics programme in a Swedish university between the years 1993 to 1996. The predictive validity is studied by correlating the GPA from upper secondary school for the students from each age group with their academic performance, measured by university credits. The results show that there is a weak positive correlation between grades and university credits, but that the predictive strenght decreases with time, to be insignificant about three years after upper secondary school completion. Implications are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: , 2012. p. 26
Series
IFAU Working Paper Series, ISSN 1651-1166 ; 2012:21
Keywords
admission, selection, prediction, higher education, validity
National Category
Educational Sciences
Research subject
didactics of educational measurement
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-86116 (URN)
Available from: 2014-02-18 Created: 2014-02-18 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Wikström, C. & Wikström, M. (2012). Urval till högre utbildning: Påverkas betygens prediktionsvärde av ålder?. Uppsala
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Urval till högre utbildning: Påverkas betygens prediktionsvärde av ålder?
2012 (Swedish)Report (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

I Sverige används i huvudsak två urvalsinstrument för att gruppera och rang-ordna sökande till högskolan: betygsmedelvärdet från gymnasieskolan och resultat på högskoleprovet. I den här rapporten studeras hur betygen från gymnasieskolan förutsäger studerandes prestationer i högskolan bland studen-ter som antas vid olika tidpunkter efter avslutad gymnasieutbildning. Syftet är att undersöka om den prediktiva styrkan hos gymnasiebetygen påverkas av tid mellan utbildningen och utbildningsutfall i högre utbildning. Studien omfattar cirka 5 900 studenter som antagits till ett ekonomprogram vid en svensk hög-skola, 1993–1996. Resultatet visar att det finns en svag positiv korrelation mellan gymnasiebetyg och universitetspoäng, men att den prediktiva styrkan minskar med tid mellan avslutad utbildning och utbildningsutfall i högre utbildning. Om det gått tre år eller mer mellan gymnasium och antagning finns inget signifikant samband kvar.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: , 2012. p. 29
Series
IFAU Rapport, ISSN 1651-1158 ; 2012:21
National Category
Educational Sciences
Research subject
didactics of educational measurement
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-86118 (URN)
Available from: 2014-02-18 Created: 2014-02-18 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
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