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Publications (10 of 25) Show all publications
Andersson, J., Plummer, P., Lennerfors, T. T. & Hedberg, C. (2024). Socio-techno-ecological transition dynamics in the re-territorialization of food production: the case of wild berries in Sweden. Sustainability Science
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Socio-techno-ecological transition dynamics in the re-territorialization of food production: the case of wild berries in Sweden
2024 (English)In: Sustainability Science, ISSN 1862-4065, E-ISSN 1862-4057Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Recent geopolitical and economic crises underline the need for a European transition towards a more sustainable food system. Scholars and policymakers have called for a re-territorialization of food production to strike a better balance between local, regional and global value chains. This paper explores the role of re-territorialization through an analysis of the emergence, development and current transformation of the Swedish wild berry value chain. The analysis combines the multi-level perspective on sustainability transitions with a socio-techno-ecological system approach and draws on interviews, informal conversations, participant observations and a range of secondary sources. The resulting case narrative shows how processes of de-territorialization may result in regimes that fail to address sustainability potential and problems. It also highlights that processes of re-territorialization challenge established regimes by promoting niches that represent different, albeit complementary, value chain configurations. Apart from a rich empirical narrative that brings useful knowledge to stakeholders to the Swedish wild berry value chain, the paper contributes to the theoretical understanding re-territorialization, shows how the ecological dimension can be accounted for with the multi-level perspective on sustainability transitions and presents a number of general policy implications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2024
Keywords
Food systems, Multi-level perspective, Re-territorialization, Socio-techno-ecological systems, Sustainability transitions, Swedish wild berries
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-222285 (URN)10.1007/s11625-023-01461-7 (DOI)001174974300001 ()2-s2.0-85186231713 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2020-02839Swedish Research Council Formas, 2021-02226
Available from: 2024-03-25 Created: 2024-03-25 Last updated: 2024-03-25
Olofsson, I., Tollefsen, A. & Hedberg, C. (2023). 'A strong mind and a solid physique': symbolic constructions of migrant workers in Sweden's green industries. Nordic Journal of Migration Research, 13(2), Article ID 4.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>'A strong mind and a solid physique': symbolic constructions of migrant workers in Sweden's green industries
2023 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Migration Research, E-ISSN 1799-649X, Vol. 13, no 2, article id 4Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article analyses how employer federations, trade unions and the Swedish state symbolically construct seasonal migrant workers to work in the green industries, specifically in agriculture, forestry and wild-berry picking. Work tasks and skills become ethnicised where certain groups are constructed as ‘fit’ for certain work tasks. Through symbolic constructing, boundaries are drawn in relation to Swedish workers in general but also hierarchically within the group of seasonal migrant workers and in relation to specific groups in Sweden, typically un-employed youth and newly settled refugees. This paper is based on interviews with unions and employer organisations as well as secondary text-sources and legal texts. The analysis shows that while employers construct seasonal migrant workers as vital for agriculture, forestry and wild-berry picking, arguing that their line of business could not be sustained without them, the union side portrays this as an ‘artificial demand’. Within a system that to a large degree is based on employers’ demand for inexpensive and flexible labour, symbolic boundaries of seasonal migrant workers are not only performed by the employers’ side, but are also co-constructed with and sanctioned by the state; while partly contested by the unions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Helsinki University Press, 2023
Keywords
Employer Federations, Green Industries, Migrant Workers, Sweden, Symbolic Constructions
National Category
International Migration and Ethnic Relations
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-211161 (URN)10.33134/njmr.484 (DOI)001019681800004 ()2-s2.0-85162227780 (Scopus ID)
Projects
2013-01457 Grapes of Wrath: Global labour mobility in the wild berry industry affecting rural development in Sweden and Thailand2021-02226 Wild berry shifting: Sustainability transitions and diverse economies in a rural ‘sparseland’
Available from: 2023-07-06 Created: 2023-07-06 Last updated: 2024-01-30Bibliographically approved
Hedberg, C., Eimermann, M. & Böhlin, M. (2023). Den nya gröna vågen och praktiska flyttare: En intervjustudie om inflyttare till Kramfors kommun 2020–2021. Kramfors kommun; Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Den nya gröna vågen och praktiska flyttare: En intervjustudie om inflyttare till Kramfors kommun 2020–2021
2023 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Kramfors kommun; Umeå universitet, 2023. p. 57
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-205956 (URN)
Projects
Att återvinna ett hem - livsstilsmigration och drömmen om landet
Funder
Vinnova, 2021-03790
Available from: 2023-03-24 Created: 2023-03-24 Last updated: 2023-03-27Bibliographically approved
Nuga, M., Eimermann, M. & Hedberg, C. (2023). Downshifting towards voluntary simplicity: the process of reappraising the local. Geografiska Annaler. Series B, Human Geography
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Downshifting towards voluntary simplicity: the process of reappraising the local
2023 (English)In: Geografiska Annaler. Series B, Human Geography, ISSN 0435-3684, E-ISSN 1468-0467Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Reappraisal of the local and living a rooted life are often highlighted by international advocates for sustainable and environmentally conscious lifestyles. The purpose of this study is to explore and theorize downshifters’ lifestyle changes, with a particular focus on their living environments and sense of place, and we draw on a theoretical framework that combines insights from previous research on downshifting and voluntary simplicity. We conducted 30 life story interviews with individuals in Sweden who consider themselves downshifters or advocates of a simpler life. These materials were analysed along the dimensions of (1) spatial adaptation and appropriation; (2) local and global scales; and (3) temporality of place. Our results emphasize the non-linearity of lifestyle changes towards simplicity where, whereby commitment to sustainability varies while personal goals rely on the previous experiences and everyday practices, values and knowledge that can improve both individual and global sustainability. Our analysis shows that sense of place is a dynamic process influenced by mobilities and flows, spatial inertia and context, and memories and emotions. Our research contributes to the recent more than- relational view on space and place with concepts from humanistic geography that further assist in understanding individuals’ sense of place.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2023
Keywords
Downshifting, humanistic geography, life story interviews, more-than-relational geography, sustainability, voluntary simplicity
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-210219 (URN)10.1080/04353684.2023.2211600 (DOI)000998775000001 ()2-s2.0-85161388693 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2018-00547
Available from: 2023-06-27 Created: 2023-06-27 Last updated: 2023-06-27
Kuns, B., Börjeson, L., Fischer, K., Hedberg, C., Olofsson, I., Ovaska, U., . . . Vihinen, H. (2023). From panic to business as usual: what coronavirus has revealed about migrant labour, agri-food systems and industrial relations in the Nordic countries. Sociologia Ruralis, 63(4), 907-927
Open this publication in new window or tab >>From panic to business as usual: what coronavirus has revealed about migrant labour, agri-food systems and industrial relations in the Nordic countries
Show others...
2023 (English)In: Sociologia Ruralis, ISSN 0038-0199, E-ISSN 1467-9523, Vol. 63, no 4, p. 907-927Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article focuses on migrant labour in Nordic agriculture, wild berry picking and food processing. The starting point is the fear of a food crisis at the beginning of the coronavirus pandemic (2020) because of the absence of migrant workers. The question was raised early in the pandemic if food systems in the Global North are vulnerable due to dependence on precarious migrant workers. In the light of this question, we assess the reactions of farmers and different actors in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden to what looked like an unfolding food crisis. In many ways, the reactions in the Nordic countries were similar to each other, and to broader reactions in the Global North, and we follow these reactions as they relate to migrant workers from an initial panic to a return to business as usual despite the continuation of the pandemic. In the end, 2020 proved to be an excellent year for Nordic food production in part because migrant workers were able to come. We discuss reasons why the Nordic countries did not face disruptions during the pandemic, map out patterns of labour precarity and segmentation for migrant labour in agriculture and food production in the Nordic countries and propose questions for further research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2023
Keywords
agriculture, coronavirus, food processing, migrant labour, Nordic countries, precarity, wild berry picking
National Category
International Migration and Ethnic Relations Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-211909 (URN)10.1111/soru.12443 (DOI)001004718200001 ()2-s2.0-85161634750 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Grapes of WrathAgents of MigrationWild Berry ShiftingGlobal labour in rural societiesFarm work: A survey of work processes, segmentation patterns and sustainability visions in Swedish farm‐based production
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2013‐01457Swedish Research Council Formas, 2021‐02226Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2021‐01759Swedish Research Council, 2017‐01010
Available from: 2023-07-12 Created: 2023-07-12 Last updated: 2023-12-20Bibliographically approved
Haandrikman, K., Hedberg, C. & Chihaya, G. K. (2023). New immigration destinations in Sweden: migrant residential trajectories intersecting rural areas. Sociologia Ruralis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>New immigration destinations in Sweden: migrant residential trajectories intersecting rural areas
2023 (English)In: Sociologia Ruralis, ISSN 0038-0199, E-ISSN 1467-9523Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This paper aims to examine the residential trajectories of immigrants that intersect rural areas in Sweden. It adds to the literature on new immigration destinations (NIDs) and addresses the need to include migration routes intersecting rural areas, immigrants’ secondary migration patterns and temporal dimensions of migration, as well as the multiplicity of migrants in such destinations. We examine whether NIDs have emerged in Sweden and immigrants’ subsequent internal mobility from such areas and its determinants. Employing sequence analysis to full-population register data, we identify typical migration pathways. According to the results, NIDs are an emerging phenomenon in rural and small-sized cities in Sweden. We find limited support for the Swedish discourse that the diverse groups of rural migrants leave soon after arrival; also, those leaving are not doing so for labour market–related reasons, nor are they heading for metropolitan areas. We suggest that NIDs offer an important contribution to understanding migration patterns.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2023
Keywords
International migration, new immigration destinations, residential trajectories, secondary migration, sequence analysis
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-218903 (URN)10.1111/soru.12468 (DOI)2-s2.0-85180187441 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2016–07105Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, M18-0214:1
Available from: 2024-01-04 Created: 2024-01-04 Last updated: 2024-01-04
Hedberg, C. & Olofsson, I. (2022). Negotiating the Wild West: Variegated neoliberalisation of the Swedish labour migration regime and the wild berry migration industry. Environment and planning A, 54(1), 33-49
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Negotiating the Wild West: Variegated neoliberalisation of the Swedish labour migration regime and the wild berry migration industry
2022 (English)In: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 54, no 1, p. 33-49Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Neoliberalisation processes have long permeated Western societies, including a common direction towards neoliberal migration regimes. This paper combines the perspective of variegated neoliberalisation with the recent literature on migration industries, to investigate the neoliberalisation of the Swedish labour migration regime and how it affected and interacted with the wild berry migration industry. It shows how neoliberalisation as a historical and spatially contingent process resulted in the distinct phases of intertwined policymaking and enactment of the industry. The ‘roll back’ phase included mutual interests and ‘intimate relations’ between state and industry, which both empowered and increased the number of private actors, creating structures that remained during the regular restructuring phase of ‘roll out’ neoliberalisation. While adding the perspective of variegated neoliberalisation, the paper deepens the analysis of migration industries by pointing at neoliberalisation as a spatial and temporal process, where the interplay between state and industry, an enlarged number of intermediaries and the increased responsibility of private actors are central cornerstones. The Swedish case shows how the role of intermediaries in the wild berry migration industry was reconstructed in order for the neoliberal migration regime to regulate a previously irregular migration industry. It is concluded that strong but spatially contingent links exist between neoliberal political economies, migration regimes and migration industries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2022
Keywords
agri-food industry, labour migration regime, Migration industry, Sweden, Thailand, variegated neoliberalisation
National Category
Economic Geography Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-191327 (URN)10.1177/0308518X211048195 (DOI)000708622600001 ()2-s2.0-85116058204 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2013-01457Swedish Research Council, 2017-01010
Available from: 2022-01-13 Created: 2022-01-13 Last updated: 2024-01-22Bibliographically approved
Hedberg, C. (2022). Precarity and migration: Thai wild berry pickers in Sweden. In: Joseph Choonara; Annalisa Murgia; Renato Miguel Carmo (Ed.), Faces of precarity: critical perspectives on work, subjectivities and struggles (pp. 180-194). Bristol University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Precarity and migration: Thai wild berry pickers in Sweden
2022 (English)In: Faces of precarity: critical perspectives on work, subjectivities and struggles / [ed] Joseph Choonara; Annalisa Murgia; Renato Miguel Carmo, Bristol University Press , 2022, p. 180-194Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter analyzes the precarity of migrant workers. International migrants tend to be precarious due to the unequal distribution of resources along lines of ethnicity, race and citizenship. The chapter analyzes the complex relationship between structure and agency in precarious migration processes of global food chains. The example of Thai wild berry pickers in Sweden shows how migrant work is sustained through an interplay of, on the one hand, structures of neoliberal and global divisions of labour and, on the other hand, migrant aspirations for a better life. Specifically, the COVID-19 pandemic illustrates how migrant workers, as actors in global neoliberal food systems, are taking both economic and health-related risks while working abroad. Indirectly, migrant agency is sustaining a system of precarious work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bristol University Press, 2022
National Category
Sociology International Migration and Ethnic Relations
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-201941 (URN)10.51952/9781529220094.ch012 (DOI)978-1-5292-2007-0 (ISBN)978-1-5292-2009-4 (ISBN)978-1-5292-2008-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2022-12-26 Created: 2022-12-26 Last updated: 2023-01-02Bibliographically approved
Axelsson, L., Hedberg, C., Pettersson, N. & Zhang, Q. (2022). Re-visiting the 'black box' of migration: state-intermediary co-production of regulatory spaces of labour migration. Journal of ethnic and migration studies, 48(3), 594-612
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Re-visiting the 'black box' of migration: state-intermediary co-production of regulatory spaces of labour migration
2022 (English)In: Journal of ethnic and migration studies, ISSN 1369-183X, E-ISSN 1469-9451, Vol. 48, no 3, p. 594-612Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

It is now widely held that a variety of intermediary actors, including recruitment and staffing agencies, multinational corporations and local brokers, shape labour migration. This paper argues that in order to better understand the global circulation of labour it is necessary to explore the involvement of these actors in the production of the regulatory spaces through which migrant labour is brokered. Indeed, migration intermediaries do not only navigate borders on behalf of their migrant clients. Nor is ‘the state’ primarily a backdrop against which the understanding of the role of intermediaries may be developed. Instead, we argue, regulatory spaces of labour migration are made and remade through direct and indirect exchanges and interactions between intermediaries and state actors. Through an analysis of three moments of regulatory change in Sweden, the paper shows that such interaction does not take place in an even landscape but, rather, that the ability of migration intermediaries to influence the regulation of migration lies in the capacity to form close relationships or establish a powerful presence. A focus on the dynamic co-production of regulatory spaces by intermediaries and state actors, in our view, offers a more nuanced account of how labour migration currently is brokered and regulated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2022
Keywords
brokerage, migration governance, Migration intermediary, public–private relationships, regulatory space
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-191328 (URN)10.1080/1369183X.2021.1978285 (DOI)000701556200001 ()2-s2.0-85116038730 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2013-01457Swedish Research Council, 2017-01010
Available from: 2022-01-13 Created: 2022-01-13 Last updated: 2022-07-19Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, M. & Hedberg, C. (2022). Thailändska bärplockare i svenska skogar: En nutidshistorisk tillbakablick. Västerbotten förr & nu
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Thailändska bärplockare i svenska skogar: En nutidshistorisk tillbakablick
2022 (Swedish)In: Västerbotten förr & nu, E-ISSN 2003-6698Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [sv]

Thailändska bärplockare har länge varit ett återkommande sommartecken i de svenska skogarna som en viktig del av den allt mer globaliserade bärindustrin. Arbetet i de svenska bärskogarna har betytt mycket för många thailändska risbönders försörjning samtidigt som bärindustrin har kantats av skandaler som rör trafficking och exploatering av arbetare.

National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-201942 (URN)
Note

Publicerad 2022-12-03

Available from: 2022-12-26 Created: 2022-12-26 Last updated: 2022-12-28Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-7888-780x

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