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Häggström, Björn
Publications (3 of 3) Show all publications
Blomstedt, P., Stenmark Persson, R., Hariz, G.-M., Linder, J., Fredricks, A., Häggström, B., . . . Hariz, M. (2018). Deep brain stimulation in the caudal zona incerta versus best medical treatment in patients with Parkinson's disease: a randomised blinded evaluation. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 89(7), 710-716
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Deep brain stimulation in the caudal zona incerta versus best medical treatment in patients with Parkinson's disease: a randomised blinded evaluation
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, ISSN 0022-3050, E-ISSN 1468-330X, Vol. 89, no 7, p. 710-716Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Several open-label studies have shown good effect of deep brain stimulation (DBS) in the caudal zona incerta (cZi) on tremor, including parkinsonian tremor, and in some cases also a benefit on akinesia and axial symptoms. The aim of this study was to evaluate objectively the effect of cZi DBS in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD).

Method: 25 patients with PD were randomised to either cZi DBS or best medical treatment. The primary outcomes were differences between the groups in the motor scores of the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS-III) rated single-blindly at 6 months and differences in the Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire 39 items (PDQ-39). 19 patients, 10 in the medical arm and 9 in the DBS arm, fulfilled the study.

Results: The DBS group had 41% better UPDRS-III scores off-medication on-stimulation compared with baseline, whereas the scores of the non-surgical patients off-medication were unchanged. In the on-medication condition, there were no differences between the groups, neither at baseline nor at 6 months. Subitems of the UPDRS-III showed a robust effect of cZi DBS on tremor. The PDQ-39 domains 'stigma' and 'ADL' improved only in the DBS group. The PDQ-39 summary index improved in both groups.

Conclusion: This is the first randomised blinded evaluation of cZi DBS showing its efficacy on PD symptoms. The most striking effect was on tremor; however, the doses of dopaminergic medications could not be decreased. cZi DBS in PD may be an addition to existing established targets, enabling tailoring the surgery to the needs of the individual patient.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMJ Publishing Group Ltd, 2018
National Category
Neurology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-150375 (URN)10.1136/jnnp-2017-317219 (DOI)000438044100010 ()29386253 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2018-08-08 Created: 2018-08-08 Last updated: 2019-05-07Bibliographically approved
Sjöberg, R. L., Häggström, B., Philipsson, J., Linder, J., Hariz, M. & Blomstedt, P. (2015). Laterality and deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus: applying a dichotic listening task to patients treated for Parkinson's disease. Neurocase, 21(5), 601-606
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Laterality and deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus: applying a dichotic listening task to patients treated for Parkinson's disease
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2015 (English)In: Neurocase, ISSN 1355-4794, E-ISSN 1465-3656, Vol. 21, no 5, p. 601-606Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Ear advantage during a dichotic listening task tends to mirror speech lateralization. Previous studies in stroke patients have shown that lesions in the dominant hemisphere often seem to produce changes in ear advantage. In this study six Parkinson's disease (PD) patients treated for motor symptoms with deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the left subthalamic nucleus (STN) were tested preoperatively and at approximately 6 and 18months postoperatively with a dichotic listening task. Results show a significant decline of the right ear advantage over time. In three of the patients a right ear advantage preoperativley changed to a left ear advantage 18months postoperatively. This suggests the possibility that additional longitudinal studies of this phenomenon could serve as a model for understanding changes in indirect measures of speech lateralization in stroke patients.

Keywords
hemispheric dominance, subthalamic nucleus, deep brain stimulation, dichotic listening, aphasia
National Category
Neurology Psychiatry Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-105995 (URN)10.1080/13554794.2014.960427 (DOI)000356354500008 ()25254607 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2015-07-09 Created: 2015-07-03 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Sjöberg, R. L., Lidman, E., Häggström, B., Hariz, M. I., Linder, J., Fredricks, A. & Blomstedt, P. (2012). Verbal fluency in patients receiving bilateral versus left-sided deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus for Parkinson's disease. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 18(3), 606-611
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Verbal fluency in patients receiving bilateral versus left-sided deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus for Parkinson's disease
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2012 (English)In: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, ISSN 1355-6177, E-ISSN 1469-7661, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 606-611Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relative effects of unilateral (left-sided) versus bilateral deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) on verbal fluency. To do this, 10 Parkinson's disease patients with predominantly bilateral motor symptoms who received bilateral STN DBS were compared with 6 patients suffering from predominantly unilateral symptoms who received STN DBS on the left side only. The results suggest that unilateral STN DBS of the speech dominant hemisphere is associated with significantly less declines in measures of verbal fluency as compared to bilateral stimulation. (JINS, 2012, 18, 606-611)

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2012
Keywords
Verbal fluency disorders, Basal ganglia, Psychological side effects, Stereotaxic techniques, Functional laterality, Movement disorders
National Category
Neurosciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-55671 (URN)10.1017/S1355617711001925 (DOI)000303690500022 ()
Available from: 2012-05-30 Created: 2012-05-28 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
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