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Johansson, Annika
Publications (10 of 16) Show all publications
Eliasson, I. & Johansson, A. (2017). Att sluta med idrott: En analys av avslutsprocessen och varför flickor slutar spela innebandy. Umeå: Pedagogiska institutionen
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att sluta med idrott: En analys av avslutsprocessen och varför flickor slutar spela innebandy
2017 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Many girls and boys quit sport in their teens. The reasons for this has eluded scientists and sports organizations for many years. This study was performed on behalf of the Swedish Floorball Association with the aim to understand why girls quit floorball during their teenage years and to increase knowledge about what sportclubs can do to prevent girls from quitting. Special focus was directed towards the disengagement process which the girls undergoes when they take the decision to quit their sport participation. The study is based on data from 24 semi-structured interviews with 12 girls aged 13-18 years (n=12) and with one parent from each of the girls (n=12). The results showed that the disengagement process can take from a few months up to two years before the girl takes the final decision. A combination of different factors was found as the most common main reason to quit, and six salient factors were identified as crucial for the decision. The observed critical factors was; an increased focus on sport performance and results, changes in the team's formation, new coaches and changes in the coach's attitudes, interest in any other activity or sport, lack of time and high demands on themselves. Often a girl had quit due to a combination of three to four of these factors. The results indicated that the critical factors connected to the girls' decision often was related to changes from the way it was earlier in younger years. Furthermore, the results showed that parents were involved in the girls’ disengagement process, while representatives from the sport clubs were almost absent. Therefore, the representatives of sportclubs have limited knowledge about who the girls are and why they are thinking about quitting the sport. This means representatives are less able to adopt accurate strategies or to implement appropriate interventions to reduce the drop-out rate. One message to the sport organisations is therefore to develop strategies for dealing with the members’ thoughts and feelings about their sport participation and be especially aware of how changes in sport, in a combination with other critical factors, may affect the athletes´.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Pedagogiska institutionen, 2017. p. 88
Series
Pedagogiska rapporter från Pedagogiska institutionen, ISSN 1403-6169 ; 91
Keywords
Disengagement process, drop-out, organized sports, team sport, floor ball
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-93448 (URN)978-91-7601-099-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2014-09-22 Created: 2014-09-22 Last updated: 2019-06-18Bibliographically approved
Johansson, A. & Fahlén, J. (2017). Simply the best, better than all the rest?: Validity issues in selections in elite sport. International journal of sports science & coaching, 12(4), 470-480
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Simply the best, better than all the rest?: Validity issues in selections in elite sport
2017 (English)In: International journal of sports science & coaching, ISSN 1747-9541, E-ISSN 2048-397X, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 470-480Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Selecting the ‘right’ athletes to competitions and games is crucial in eventually deciding winners and champions. Thus, thepurpose of this study was to discuss selections to top-level sport teams using validity concepts as theoretical points ofdeparture. Drawing on data from 14 semi-structured interviews with elite coaches (selectors) in football (n¼8) andalpine skiing (n¼6), this article adds to the knowledge on rationales behind selection decisions in elite sport, howselections are performed and with what consequences. Results point to several key validity concerns in selectionprocesses such as the (non) use of explicit selection criteria, lack of structure in selection processes and coaches’giving way to gut feelings and their ‘eyes for the sport‘ instead of utilizing various selection aids at hand.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2017
Keywords
Association football, Alpine skiing, decision making, high-performance coaches, soccer
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-138352 (URN)10.1177/1747954117718020 (DOI)000407468100012 ()
Available from: 2017-08-21 Created: 2017-08-21 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Eliasson, I. & Johansson, A. (2015). Organisation and leadership changes reasons for teenage girls to drop to out from sport. In: Proceedings of 20th annual Congress of the European college of Sport Science, (ECSS), Sustainable Sport, in Malmö, Sweden, June 2015: . Paper presented at Congress of the European college of Sport Science (ECSS), Sustainable Sport, in Malmö, Sweden, June 2015 (pp. 1-2).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Organisation and leadership changes reasons for teenage girls to drop to out from sport
2015 (English)In: Proceedings of 20th annual Congress of the European college of Sport Science, (ECSS), Sustainable Sport, in Malmö, Sweden, June 2015, 2015, p. 1-2Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

IntroductionMany girls and boys quit sport in their teens and the reasons for this has eluded scientist and sport organisations for many years. This study was initiated by the Swedish Floorball Association with the aim to understand why many teenage girls quit floorball and to increase knowledge about what sportclubs can do to prevent girls from dropping out. A special research focus was directed towards the disengagement process which the girls undergoes when they take the decision to quit their sport. MethodsThe study is based on data from 24 semi-structured interviews with 12 girls aged 13-18 years (n=12) and with one parent from each of the girls (n=12). The girls belonged to three different floorball clubs geographically spread in Sweden and had quit floorball from 6 months to 2,5 years ago. The study draws on Ebaughs (1988) theory of the disengagement process. ResultsThe results showed that the disengagement process can take from a few months up to two yearsbefore the girl takes the final decision to quit. The process was described by four different phases 1) First doubts 2) Seeking alternatives 3) The Turning point 4) After the decision. While the parents were involved in the process representatives from the sport clubs were almost absent. The longer into the process the girls where the more final their decision became. Six factors were identified asthe main reasons for the girls to quit their sport, often a girl quit due to a combination of three to four of these factors. The most salient factors were an increased focus on sport performance andresults, changes in the team's formation, new coaches and changes in the coach attitudes, interest inother activities or sports, lack of time and high demands on themselves. No one of the girls in this study had been contacted from the sport organisations after they quit. DiscussionThe results points out the impact different changes had for the girls’ decision to quit and the importance for the clubs to be aware of this. It also highlights how the absence of there presentatives from the sport clubs in the girls’ disengagement process led to limited knowledge about the girls’ feelings and thought processes which means they were less able to adopt accurate strategies or to implement appropriate interventions to reduce the dropout rate. One message tothe sport organisations is therefore to develop strategies for how to gather knowledge of their members’ thoughts and feelings about their sport participation and be proactive in their work concerning how to handle changes, group cohesion and coach education. Organisation and leadership in the sport organisations were seen as key areas to develop when the ambition is to lower dropout rates.

National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-106061 (URN)
Conference
Congress of the European college of Sport Science (ECSS), Sustainable Sport, in Malmö, Sweden, June 2015
Available from: 2015-07-06 Created: 2015-07-06 Last updated: 2018-06-07
Johansson, A. & Karp, S. (2012). Ger utbildning på förbundsnivå resultat på föreningsnivå?: en studie av Svenska Innebandyförbundets satsning på föreningsutveckling. Umeå: Pedagogiska institutionen, Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ger utbildning på förbundsnivå resultat på föreningsnivå?: en studie av Svenska Innebandyförbundets satsning på föreningsutveckling
2012 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Pedagogiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, 2012. p. 86
Series
Pedagogiska rapporter från Pedagogiska institutionen, ISSN 1403-6169 ; 90
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-47614 (URN)978-91-7459-266-5 (ISBN)
Note
120528 txt ok /MEAvailable from: 2011-09-26 Created: 2011-09-26 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Johansson, A. (2011). Behaviour - a ground for selections to top level sport teams?. In: Tor Söderström, Josef Fahlén and Kim Wickman (Ed.), People in motion - bridging the local and global: The 8th European Association for Sociology of Sport Conference. Paper presented at The 8th European Association for Sociology of Sport Conference, May 18-22, 2011. (pp. 157-157). Umeå: Department of Education, Umeå University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Behaviour - a ground for selections to top level sport teams?
2011 (English)In: People in motion - bridging the local and global: The 8th European Association for Sociology of Sport Conference / [ed] Tor Söderström, Josef Fahlén and Kim Wickman, Umeå: Department of Education, Umeå University , 2011, p. 157-157Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Department of Education, Umeå University, 2011
Keywords
Selections in sports, Predictions of sport performance, Assessment of sport performance, Consequences of selections
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-44935 (URN)978-91-7459-237-5 (ISBN)
Conference
The 8th European Association for Sociology of Sport Conference, May 18-22, 2011.
Available from: 2011-06-14 Created: 2011-06-14 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Johansson, A. (2011). Vem platsar i ett elitlag. Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, 20(1), 34-38
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vem platsar i ett elitlag
2011 (Swedish)In: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 34-38Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Centrum för idrottsforskning, 2011
Keywords
Idrott
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-42759 (URN)
Available from: 2011-04-13 Created: 2011-04-13 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Johansson, A. (2010). Deciding who is the best: Validity issues in selections and judgements in elite sport. (Doctoral dissertation). Umeå: Pedagogiska institutionen, Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Deciding who is the best: Validity issues in selections and judgements in elite sport
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis is about selection processes and processes of measuring and judging athletes in competitions in top-level sport. The purpose was to increase the knowledge of these processes and to analyse them from a validity perspective in order to contribute to the discussion of whether the “right” athletes are selected to participate in teams, competitions and games and whether the “right” athletes win. The rule and judging systems were investigated in the judged sports acroski and rhythmic gymnastics. Information was gathered through individual interviews with two judges, two coaches, and four elite athletes from each of the sports, and in addition to this the respective sport’s rule systems, judging manuals, meeting protocols and historical documents were studied. Selections to top-level sport teams were investigated by individual interviews with 14 top-level coaches (selectors) from the national league in soccer and a national team and from national teams in alpine skiing. The results from the judging study showed that both studied sports had undergone major changes in their rule and judging regulations, changes that had a considerable impact on the sports and the judgements. The level of definition of the rules and regulations was raised to increase the opportunities for clear and reliable judgements, but this became problematic for the overall validity of the judgements. The reason for this was that the new rules and regulations did not clearly correspond to the original idea of the sport, since the specified and detailed regulations lead to less originality and freedom in the performances. In the selection study, the results pointed to great differences in how precisely defined the selection criteria were among the teams. The selectors stated that well-defined selection criteria or grounds could be helpful in many ways, but they also emphasised how important it was for them that some parts of the selections were based on their subjective valuations of the athletes. Quite a few coaches from both sports argued that they would choose an athlete with good behaviour and favourable personality over an athlete with better sports skills, if they had an opportunity to do that depending on the selection system that was used. Overall, this research displays how validity issues connected to the selection and judging criteria and these processes might affect the outcome of the processes. It is notable that high reliability is in the main focus of the measuring and judging processes, while considerably vaguer and more subjective assessments are considered important in the selection process. The thesis points to the importance of discussing and understanding the consequences of rules, rule changes, selection and judging criteria as well as how these processes are performed, if the desired outcomes and consequences of the selection and judging processes are to be reached.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Pedagogiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, 2010. p. 112
Series
Akademiska avhandlingar vid Pedagogiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, ISSN 0281-6768 ; 95
Keywords
selections in sports, predictions of sport performance, assessment of sport performance, consequences of selections, judgement, judging, measurements, sport, validity, reliability, acroski, alpine skiing, rhythmic gymnastics, soccer.
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
Education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-33942 (URN)978-91-7264-979-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-06-04, Humanisthuset hörsal F, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2010-05-14 Created: 2010-05-11 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Johansson, A. (2010). Selections to top-level sport teams. In: Book of Abstracts: 5th International Congress on Science and Skiing. Paper presented at 5th International Congress on Science and Skiing, St Christoph. Am Arlberg, Austria, December 14-19, 2010. Salzburg, Austria: Dept of Sport Science and Kinesiology, University of Salzburg
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Selections to top-level sport teams
2010 (English)In: Book of Abstracts: 5th International Congress on Science and Skiing, Salzburg, Austria: Dept of Sport Science and Kinesiology, University of Salzburg , 2010Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Salzburg, Austria: Dept of Sport Science and Kinesiology, University of Salzburg, 2010
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-47610 (URN)
Conference
5th International Congress on Science and Skiing, St Christoph. Am Arlberg, Austria, December 14-19, 2010
Available from: 2011-09-26 Created: 2011-09-26 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Johansson, A. (2010). Selections to top-level sport teams. Umeå: Pedagogiska institutionen, Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Selections to top-level sport teams
2010 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the study was to increase the knowledge of selections of athletes to top-level sport teams. Selections in alpine skiing and soccer were investigated and modern validity theory was used as the theoretical framework. Key issues concerned the goals and criteria involved in the selection processes, how the processes were performed and notions from the selectors (coaches) about the outcomes and consequences of the selections. The study was based on 14 semi-structured interviews with top-level coaches (selectors) highly involved in the selection processes in the individual sport of alpine skiing (national teams) and in the team sport of soccer (club teams/national team). The results show great differences in the definitions of the selection criteria among the teams. The selection criteria ranged from very well-defined to very vague. This has implications for the validity of the selections with regard to both what is really used as the grounds for the selections and how stable those grounds are. Some of the coaches were convinced that clearly defined criteria are a necessity for good selections, while others were not. There were some disparities between the club and federation boards and the coaches as regards both the level and the types of goals and ideas for the selections. From a validity standpoint this is problematic, as there might then be different kinds of goals that the selection method has to be adapted to. The selection decisions were mostly a result of the coaches’ discussions with each other. In some teams this was a fairly subjective process, and in other teams ranking lists played an important role in the decisions. Quite a few coaches from both sports said that they would choose an athlete with good behaviour and favourable personality over an athlete with better sports skills, if the system allowed for such alternatives. All coaches emphasised the importance of the selection criteria being formulated in such a way that they gave the coaches opportunities to influence the judgements themselves. All coaches stated that their eyes and their feelings were their most valuable selection tool. When it comes to the outcome and the consequences of the selections, the importance of the selections was experienced as very important To be selected to a national team in skiing was by some coaches described as a career-changing event, whereas the soccer coaches described the selections in soccer to be very important although not crucial for the athletes’ career. For the coaches it was said to be of utmost importance to select a successful team, as they otherwise could lose both their job and their respect. Most of the skiing coaches thought they selected the “right” skier, even if the athletes did not always achieve the expected results, while all the soccer coaches thought that they sometimes had selected the “wrong” player. Overall the results show that there are validity issues to be considered in the selection processes. It was also shown that many of the coaches regard the selection process as rather difficult and the evaluation of the process as challenging. The fact the coaches do not have any education concerning selections and how to deal with factors affecting the selections means that they have to figure out strategies for dealing with these complex situations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Pedagogiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, 2010. p. 118
Series
Pedagogiska rapporter från Pedagogiska institutionen, ISSN 1403-6169 ; 83
Keywords
selections in sports, predictions of sport performance, assessment of sport performance, consequences of selections
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
Education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-33904 (URN)978-91-7459-019-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2010-05-10 Created: 2010-05-10 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Johansson, A. (2001). En bedömningssports dilemma: En studie av bedömningarnas tillförlitlighet och relevans i rytmisk gymnastik. : Enheten för pedagogiska mätningar, Umeå universitet, Umeå
Open this publication in new window or tab >>En bedömningssports dilemma: En studie av bedömningarnas tillförlitlighet och relevans i rytmisk gymnastik
2001 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Enheten för pedagogiska mätningar, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 2001. p. 74
Series
PM : pedagogiska mätningar, ISSN 1100-696X ; 167
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-15770 (URN)
Available from: 2007-07-31 Created: 2007-07-31 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
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