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Storm, Rickard J
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Publications (8 of 8) Show all publications
Storm, R. J., Persson, D. B., Skalman, L. N., Frängsmyr, L., Lindström, M., Rankin, G., . . . Arnberg, N. (2017). Human Adenovirus Type 37 Uses αVβ1 and α3β1 Integrins for Infection of Human Corneal Cells. Journal of Virology, 91(5), Article ID e02019-16.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Human Adenovirus Type 37 Uses αVβ1 and α3β1 Integrins for Infection of Human Corneal Cells
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2017 (English)In: Journal of Virology, ISSN 0022-538X, E-ISSN 1098-5514, Vol. 91, no 5, article id e02019-16Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Epidemic keratoconjunctivitis (EKC) is a severe, contagious ocular disease that affects 20 to 40 million individuals worldwide every year. EKC is mainly caused by six types of human adenovirus (HAdV): HAdV-8, -19, -37, -53, -54, and -56. Of these, HAdV-8, -19, and -37 use sialic acid-containing glycans as cellular receptors. αVβ3, αVβ5, and a few additional integrins facilitate entry and endosomal release of other HAdVs. With the exception of a few biochemical analyses indicating that HAdV-37 can interact physically with αVβ5, little is known about the integrins used by EKC-causing HAdVs. Here, we investigated the overall integrin expression on human corneal cells and found expression of α2, α3, α6, αV, β1, and β4 subunits in human corneal in situ epithelium and/or in a human corneal epithelial (HCE) cell line but no or less accessible expression of α4, α5, β3, or β5. We also identified the integrins used by HAdV-37 through a series of binding and infection competition experiments and different biochemical approaches. Together, our data suggest that HAdV-37 uses αVβ1 and α3β1 integrins for infection of human corneal epithelial cells. Furthermore, to confirm the relevance of these integrins in the HAdV-37 life cycle, we developed a corneal multilayer tissue system and found that HAdV-37 infection correlated well with the patterns of αV, α3, and β1 integrin expression. These results provide further insight into the tropism and pathogenesis of EKC-causing HAdVs and may be of importance for future development of new antiviral drugs.IMPORTANCE Keratitis is a hallmark of EKC, which is caused by six HAdV types (HAdV-8, -19, -37, -53, -54, and -56). HAdV-37 and some other HAdV types interact with integrin αVβ5 in order to enter nonocular human cells. In this study, we found that αVβ5 is not expressed on human corneal epithelial cells, thus proposing other host factors mediate corneal infection. Here, we first characterized integrin expression patterns on corneal tissue and corneal cells. Among the integrins identified, competition binding and infection experiments and biochemical assays pointed out αVβ1 and α3β1 to be of importance for HAdV-37 infection of corneal tissue. In the absence of a good animal model for EKC-causing HAdVs, we also developed an in vitro system with multilayer HCE cells and confirmed the relevance of the suggested integrins during HAdV-37 infection.

Keywords
adenoviruses, cornea, epidemic keratoconjunctivitis, integrins
National Category
Microbiology in the medical area
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-133501 (URN)10.1128/JVI.02019-16 (DOI)000394356400016 ()27974569 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2017-04-11 Created: 2017-04-11 Last updated: 2018-08-06Bibliographically approved
Storm, R. (2015). Early host cell interactions and antivirals against ocular adenoviruses. (Doctoral dissertation). Umeå: Umeå University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Early host cell interactions and antivirals against ocular adenoviruses
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[sv]
Tidiga värd cells interaktioner och antiviraler mot okulära adenovirus
Abstract [en]

Viruses are common causative agents of ocular infection among humans. Epidemic keratoconjuntivitis (EKC) is a severe and contagious ocular disease with reported outbreaks worldwide. It is estimated that this disease affects 20-40 million individuals every year, which leads to huge socioeconomic costs for the affected countries. EKC is characterized by keratitis and conjunctivitis but is also associated with pain, edema, lacrimation, and decreased vision that can prolong for months after the infection and in rare cases years. This disease is caused by human adenoviruses (HAdVs), which belong to the family of Adenoviridae. Currently, there is no available treatment against EKC.

EKC is mainly caused by HAdV-8, HAdV-19, HAdV-37, HAdV-53, HAdV-54, and HAdV-56, which belong to species D HAdVs. HAdV-8, HAdV-19 and HAdV-37 have previously been shown to use sialic acid (SA)-containing glycans as cellular receptors to bind to and infect human corneal epithelial (HCE) cells. To characterize the receptor in more detail, we performed a glycan array, which included SA-containing glycans. A branched hexasaccharide terminating with SA in each arm was identified as a candidate receptor. This glycan corresponds to the glycan motif found on a ganglioside, GD1a. By performing a series of biological and biochemical experiments we confirmed the function of the GD1a glycan as a cellular receptor for EKC-causing HAdVs. However, the glycan used as a receptor was linked to plasma membrane protein(s) through O-glycosidic bonds, rather than to a lipid (as in the ganglioside). X-ray crystallography analysis showed that the two terminal SA:s interacted with two of the three previously identified SA-binding sites on the knob domain of the HAdV-37 capsid protein known as the fiber.

Based on the structural features of the GD1a:HAdV-37 knob interaction, we assumed that a three-armed molecule with each arm terminating with SA would be an efficient inhibitor. Such molecules were designed, synthesized and found to efficiently prevent HAdV-37 binding to and infection of corneal cells. These results indicate that trisialic acids-containing compounds may be used for treatment of EKC.

After binding to its primary receptor, most HAdVs have been shown to interact with αVβ3 and αVβ5 integrins to enter human cells. This interaction occurs through the RGD (arginine-alanine-aspartic acid) motif in the capsid protein known as the penton base. However, it was not clear if corneal epithelial cells express αVβ3 and αVβ5 integrins. Thus, to better understand additional early steps of infection by EKC-causing HAdVs, we performed binding and infection competition experiments using human corneal epithelial cells and siRNA, integrin specific antibodies, peptides and RGD-containing ligands indicating that α3, αV, β1 affected HAdV-37 infection of but not binding to HCE cells. We could also see that HAdV-37 co-localize with α3 and αV at after entry into HCE cells. In situ histochemistry confirmed that the expression of α3 and αV in human corneal tissue. Overall, our results suggest that αV and α3 integrins are important for HAdV-37 infection of corneal cells.

Altogether, these results provide further insight into the biology of HAdVs and open up for development of novel antiviral drugs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå University, 2015. p. 90
Series
Umeå University medical dissertations, ISSN 0346-6612 ; 1697
Keywords
Adenovirus, Virus host interactions, Antivirals, Sialic acid, Integrins, Epidemic keratoconjuntivitis
National Category
Microbiology in the medical area
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-99907 (URN)978-91-7601-211-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-03-13, Hörsal Betula, 6M, Norrlands universitetssjukhus, Umeå, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2015-02-20 Created: 2015-02-16 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Caraballo, R., Saleeb, M., Bauer, J., Liaci, A.-M., Chandra, N., Storm, R. J., . . . Elofsson, M. (2015). Triazole linker-based trivalent sialic acid inhibitors of adenovirus type 37 infection of human corneal epithelial cells. Organic and biomolecular chemistry, 13(35), 9194-9205
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Triazole linker-based trivalent sialic acid inhibitors of adenovirus type 37 infection of human corneal epithelial cells
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2015 (English)In: Organic and biomolecular chemistry, ISSN 1477-0520, E-ISSN 1477-0539, Vol. 13, no 35, p. 9194-9205Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Adenovirus type 37 (Ad37) is one of the principal agents responsible for epidemic keratoconjunctivitis (EKC), a severe ocular infection that remains without any available treatment. Recently, a trivalent sialic acid derivative (ME0322, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2011, 50, 6519) was shown to function as a highly potent inhibitor of Ad37, efficiently preventing the attachment of the virion to the host cells and subsequent infection. Here, new trivalent sialic acid derivatives were designed, synthesized and their inhibitory properties against Ad37 infection of the human corneal epithelial cells were investigated. In comparison to ME0322, the best compound (17a) was found to be over three orders of magnitude more potent in a cell-attachment assay (IC50 = 1.4 nM) and about 140 times more potent in a cell-infection assay (IC50 = 2.9nM). X-ray crystallographic analysis demonstrated a trivalent binding mode of all compounds to the Ad37 fiber knob. For the most potent compound ophthalmic toxicity in rabbits was investigated and it was concluded that repeated eye administration did not cause any adverse effects.

National Category
Microbiology in the medical area
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-100014 (URN)10.1039/C5OB01025J (DOI)000360115100007 ()
Available from: 2015-02-18 Created: 2015-02-18 Last updated: 2019-08-28Bibliographically approved
Spjut, S., Qian, W., Bauer, J., Storm, R., Frängsmyr, L., Stehle, T., . . . Elofsson, M. (2011). A Potent Trivalent Sialic Acid Inhibitor of Adenovirus Type 37 Infection of Human Corneal Cells. Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 50(29), 6519-6521
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Potent Trivalent Sialic Acid Inhibitor of Adenovirus Type 37 Infection of Human Corneal Cells
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2011 (English)In: Angewandte Chemie International Edition, ISSN 1433-7851, E-ISSN 1521-3773, Vol. 50, no 29, p. 6519-6521Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley, 2011
Keywords
adenoviruses, antiviral agents, crystal-structure elucidation, sialic acids, surface plasmon resonance
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-45043 (URN)10.1002/anie.201101559 (DOI)21648036 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2011-06-22 Created: 2011-06-20 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Mistry, N., Inoue, H., Jamshidi, F., Storm, R. J., Oberste, M. S. & Arnberg, N. (2011). Coxsackievirus A24 variant uses aialic acid-containing O-Linked glycoconjugates as cellular receptors on human ocular cells. Journal of Virology, 85(21), 11283-11290
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Coxsackievirus A24 variant uses aialic acid-containing O-Linked glycoconjugates as cellular receptors on human ocular cells
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2011 (English)In: Journal of Virology, ISSN 0022-538X, E-ISSN 1098-5514, Vol. 85, no 21, p. 11283-11290Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Coxsackievirus A24 variant (CVA24v) is a main causative agent of acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis (AHC), which is a highly contagious eye infection. Previously it has been suggested that CVA24v uses sialic acid-containing glycoconjugates as attachment receptors on corneal cells, but the nature of these receptors is poorly described. Here, we set out to characterize and identify the cellular components serving as receptors for CVA24v. Binding and infection experiments using corneal cells treated with deglycosylating enzymes or metabolic inhibitors of de novo glycosylation suggested that the receptor(s) used by CVA24v are constituted by sialylated O-linked glycans that are linked to one or more cell surface proteins but not to lipids. CVA24v bound better to mouse L929 cells overexpressing human P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) than to mock-transfected cells, suggesting that PSGL-1 is a candidate receptor for CVA24v. Finally, binding competition experiments using a library of mono- and oligosaccharides mimicking known PSGL-1 glycans suggested that CVA24v binds to Neu5Ac alpha 2,3Gal disaccharides (Neu5Ac is N-acetylneuraminic acid). These results provide further insights into the early steps of the CVA24v life cycle.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Baltimore: American Society for Microbiology, 2011
National Category
Microbiology in the medical area
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-49535 (URN)10.1128/JVI.05597-11 (DOI)000296254400034 ()
Available from: 2011-11-22 Created: 2011-11-14 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, E. C., Storm, R. J., Bauer, J., Johansson, S. M., Lookene, A., Ångström, J., . . . Arnberg, N. (2011). The GD1a glycan is a cellular receptor for adenoviruses causing epidemic keratoconjunctivitis (Letter). Nature Medicine, 17(1), 105-109
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The GD1a glycan is a cellular receptor for adenoviruses causing epidemic keratoconjunctivitis (Letter)
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2011 (English)In: Nature Medicine, ISSN 1078-8956, E-ISSN 1546-170X, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 105-109Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Adenovirus type 37 (Ad37) is a leading cause of epidemic keratoconjunctivitis (EKC), a severe and highly contagious ocular disease. Whereas most other adenoviruses infect cells by engaging CD46 or the coxsackie and adenovirus receptor (CAR), Ad37 binds previously unknown sialic acid-containing cell surface molecules. By glycan array screening, we show here that the receptor-recognizing knob domain of the Ad37 fiber protein specifically binds a branched hexasaccharide that is present in the GD1a ganglioside and that features two terminal sialic acids. Soluble GD1a glycan and GD1a-binding antibodies efficiently prevented Ad37 virions from binding and infecting corneal cells. Unexpectedly, the receptor is constituted by one or more glycoproteins containing the GD1a glycan motif rather than the ganglioside itself, as shown by binding, infection and flow cytometry experiments. Molecular modeling, nuclear magnetic resonance and X-ray crystallography reveal that the two terminal sialic acids dock into two of three previously established sialic acid-binding sites in the trimeric Ad37 knob. Surface plasmon resonance analysis shows that the knob-GD1a glycan interaction has high affinity. Our findings therefore form a basis for the design and development of sialic acid-containing antiviral drugs for topical treatment of EKC.

National Category
Microbiology in the medical area
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-38769 (URN)10.1038/nm.2267 (DOI)21151139 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2011-01-03 Created: 2010-12-28 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Storm, R. J., Nygård Skalman, L., Frängsmyr, L., Lindström, M., Lundmark, R., Pedrosa-Domellöf, F. & Arnberg, N.Involvement of corneal integrins during infection of human adenovirus type 37.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Involvement of corneal integrins during infection of human adenovirus type 37
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(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Microbiology in the medical area
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-100015 (URN)
Available from: 2015-02-18 Created: 2015-02-18 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Spjut, S., Qian, W., Bauer, J., Storm, R., Stehle, T., Arnberg, N. & Elofsson, M.Synthesis and evaluation of tri- and tetravalent sialic acid inhibitors of EKC-causing adenoviruses.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Synthesis and evaluation of tri- and tetravalent sialic acid inhibitors of EKC-causing adenoviruses
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(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Microbiology in the medical area Organic Chemistry
Research subject
Organic Chemistry; Biorganic Chemistry; Microbiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-33839 (URN)
Available from: 2010-05-07 Created: 2010-05-07 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
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