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Göransdotter, Maria
Publications (10 of 16) Show all publications
Göransdotter, M. & Redström, J. (2018). Design Methods and Critical Historiography: An Example from Swedish User-Centered Design. Design Issues, 34(2), 20-30
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Design Methods and Critical Historiography: An Example from Swedish User-Centered Design
2018 (English)In: Design Issues, ISSN 0747-9360, E-ISSN 1531-4790, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 20-30Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Design history tends to focus on designers and design outcomes, primarily objects. In contrast, historical accounts and analyses of designing are rare. This paper argues for the need of design histories that also address the origins of our design methods with respect to contexts, values and ideas in order to understand what these actually bring to the contemporary design situation. To illustrate what such a historical approach to design methods might bring, we present a study on the origins of Scandinavian user-centered design. In particular, we discuss the Home Research Institute's (HFI) development of methods for investigating and reforming everyday life and domestic work in mid-1940s Sweden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MIT Press, 2018
Keywords
design methods, design history, user-centered design, industrial design, Scandinavian design
National Category
Design History
Research subject
design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-146799 (URN)10.1162/DESI_a_00483 (DOI)000428944100003 ()
Available from: 2018-04-27 Created: 2018-04-27 Last updated: 2018-10-11Bibliographically approved
Göransdotter, M. & Redström, J. (2016). Kitchen choreographies: Homes, things and modern movements. In: : . Paper presented at Design and Time. Design History Society Conference. Middlesex University, London..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kitchen choreographies: Homes, things and modern movements
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Thinking of things in relation to users and use, there is always some kind of action involved in the usage of things (or interaction, as contemporary design would have it): an action that happens in time and over time, and that more often than not involves movement.  This paper investigates how time – seen in relation to the physical dwelling, the objects in it and the people living there, using things – have been the basis for proposing new designs for things and homes, literally new practices of “modern movements”, in the homes of 1940s Sweden.

The home and its’ everyday things and practices has over the years emerged as a research theme  within design history as well as in other disciplines. Relationships between dwelling, architecture and the ideals of modern living manifest in floor plans and city plans have been explored, as have the styles and aesthetics of things and buildings. Relationships between people and everyday things and environments have opened up for research into how things and people reciprocally build both meanings and practices, as well as how design scripts actions and behaviours. Many studies focus on the kitchen: its’ physical design, the objects related to it and – not least – the (mainly women’s’) work and values associated with it. The Frankfurt kitchen in the late 1920s, for example, has become almost a standard example of how ideas of rationality and modernity were brought into the equation of solving problems of low (or non-existent) standards of housing to address issues of economy in planning and building. Such examples also illustrate interests in scripting new behaviour specifically in the kitchen; behaviours that extended also to the home, and on a larger scale to life and society in general within the modern movement.

In the process of forming the Swedish welfare state, ‘the home’ was central both as a metaphor and as an area of reform and rethinking. In parallel to the planning and building of rational housing to address the appalling housing situation in Sweden, there were similar concerns for planning, education and reform of how homes were actually used and inhabited. A focal point came to be the kitchen, where the movements and actions of women were investigated systematically and scientifically with the threefold aim of improving the building standards, finding the best design of kitchen utensils and equipment, and determining the best ways of working, acting and moving around in the kitchen. In this paper, studies of housework and household objects made by the Hemmens Forskningsinstitut (HFI, ‘The Home Research Institute’) in the late 1940s forms the basis of an analysis of the relationships between things in use and users in action, and how notions of rationality and repetition, optimisation of motions and methods, brought from industrial contexts came to define also what makes sense in a home.

Keywords
design history, everyday life, kitchen, time, things
National Category
Design History History of Ideas
Research subject
design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-129257 (URN)
Conference
Design and Time. Design History Society Conference. Middlesex University, London.
Available from: 2016-12-21 Created: 2016-12-21 Last updated: 2018-06-09
Göransdotter, M. (2012). A Home for Modern Life: Educating Taste in 1940s Sweden. In: Praima Israesena, Juthamas Tangsantikul, David Durling (Ed.), Conference Proceedings: Volume 2. Design Research Society 2012: Bangkok: Research: Uncertainty Contradiction Value. Paper presented at Design Research Society Biannual International Conference 2012, Bangkok (pp. 526-541). Bangkok: Department of Industrial Design, Faculty of Architecture, Chulalongkorn University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Home for Modern Life: Educating Taste in 1940s Sweden
2012 (English)In: Conference Proceedings: Volume 2. Design Research Society 2012: Bangkok: Research: Uncertainty Contradiction Value / [ed] Praima Israesena, Juthamas Tangsantikul, David Durling, Bangkok: Department of Industrial Design, Faculty of Architecture, Chulalongkorn University , 2012, p. 526-541Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bangkok: Department of Industrial Design, Faculty of Architecture, Chulalongkorn University, 2012
Keywords
design history, interior design, taste, modernity, everyday life, designhistoria, inredning, smak, modernitet, vardagsliv
National Category
Design
Research subject
History Of Sciences and Ideas
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-92065 (URN)978-616-551-570-2 (ISBN)
Conference
Design Research Society Biannual International Conference 2012, Bangkok
Note

This paper focuses on how interior decoration and taste was seen and taught in relation tothe vision of the ideal home in 1940s Sweden. Two phenomena that are focused on aresurveys of how people actually lived, and the attempts made to alter that way of living. Theactivities of Svenska Slöjdföreningen (SSF, the Swedish Society of Industrial Design) isused as a prism for discerning the discourse on domestic interior reform, and the studyconsists of a close reading and analysis based on archival material and publications linkedto SSF. Part of the archival material consists of survey protocols and photograph, ofSwedish homes, from a survey into “dwelling habits” initiated by the Association ofSwedish Architects (SAR) and the SSF. In the late 1930s and early 1940s, these kinds ofsurveys were made in order to analyse the standard of living, and the usage of homes andfurniture with the aim to find adequate ways of building better housing, of producing betterfurniture, and of educating people to be more modern and enlightened consumers andhome-makers. Based on these findings, courses were given on how to furnish and decoratethe home. Through courses in how to furnish and decorate the home, the ideal home was tobecome real. I mean that the concept of “taste” was almost as important as the concept of“home” in the vision of what modern Swedish society should be like, but that manifesting“good taste” in the home in the 1940s meant something more than merely creating anaesthetically pleasing or beautiful interior. Taste was, above all, seen as an indicator of thedegree of modernity and social awareness of people.

Available from: 2014-08-21 Created: 2014-08-21 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Göransdotter, M. & Erhardsson, M. (2010). Från extern till intern på tre dagar: Erfarenheter från externa lärares pedagogiska kompetensutveckling. In: : . Paper presented at NU2010: Dialog för lärande.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Från extern till intern på tre dagar: Erfarenheter från externa lärares pedagogiska kompetensutveckling
2010 (Swedish)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-68843 (URN)
Conference
NU2010: Dialog för lärande
Available from: 2013-04-26 Created: 2013-04-26 Last updated: 2019-10-24Bibliographically approved
Göransdotter, M., Erhardsson, M. & Lindh-Karlsson, M. (2010). Fötterna i marken och blicken mot skyn: Strategier för samverkan med näringsliv och samhälle i utbildningar. In: : . Paper presented at NU2010: Dialog för lärande.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fötterna i marken och blicken mot skyn: Strategier för samverkan med näringsliv och samhälle i utbildningar
2010 (Swedish)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-55193 (URN)
Conference
NU2010: Dialog för lärande
Available from: 2012-05-10 Created: 2012-05-10 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Sundin, B. & Göransdotter, M. (Eds.). (2008). Mångsysslare och gränsöverskridare: 13 uppsatser i idéhistoria. Umeå: Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mångsysslare och gränsöverskridare: 13 uppsatser i idéhistoria
2008 (Swedish)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2008. p. 233
Series
Historiska studier: skrifter från Umeå universitet ; 1
National Category
History of Ideas
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-11406 (URN)978-91-7264-704-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2008-12-22 Created: 2008-12-22 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Andersson, Å. & Göransdotter, M. (2007). Vårt ämne handlar om så mycket mer än bara genus: om motstånd mot genusvetenskap i Grundutbildningen. In: Mohammad Fazlhashemi och Thomas Fritz (Ed.), Utsikter, insikter, avsikter: universitetspedagogisk konferens i Umeå 27 – 28 februari 2007. Paper presented at Den åttonde universitetspedagogiska konferensen 27-28 februari 2007 (pp. 11-23). Umeå: Universitetspedagogiskt Centrum, Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vårt ämne handlar om så mycket mer än bara genus: om motstånd mot genusvetenskap i Grundutbildningen
2007 (Swedish)In: Utsikter, insikter, avsikter: universitetspedagogisk konferens i Umeå 27 – 28 februari 2007 / [ed] Mohammad Fazlhashemi och Thomas Fritz, Umeå: Universitetspedagogiskt Centrum, Umeå universitet , 2007, p. 11-23Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Under hösten 2005 genomfördes vid Institutionen för Historiska studier ett projekt med syfte att prova nya sätt att implementera genusperspektiv i grundutbildningen i historia/idéhistoria. På institutionen fanns en önskan att vidareutveckla didaktiska arbetsformer som både integrerar genusperspektivet och samtidigt genererar studerandeaktivitet. Projektet finansierades av medel för pedagogiskt utvecklingsarbete från Humanistiska fakulteten och bedrevs inom ramen för en programutbildning där tidigare års studenter hade efterlyst mer och tydligare genusperspektiv i undervisningen. I fyra workshops fick studenterna lösa olika arbetsuppgifter med olika arbetssätt, och olika typer av material. Projektet utvärderades kontinuerligt genom regelbundna träffar med en fokusgrupp, men även naturligtvis i en avslutande utvärdering där alla deltog. Under projektets gång upptäckte vi ganska snart att det i gruppen fanns en skeptisk inställning eller till och med ett motstånd mot projektets arbetsformer i allmänhet och mot genusperspektiv i synnerhet. Detta motstånd uttrycktes dock på ett annorlunda sätt än vi tidigare stött på i andra undervisningssammanhang. Erfarenheterna av studenternas motstånd under genomförandet av detta projekt, väckte många frågor hos oss. Det är dessa frågor vi diskuterar och reflekterar kring i artikeln.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Universitetspedagogiskt Centrum, Umeå universitet, 2007
Series
Skriftserie från Universitetspedagogiskt centrum, ISSN 1650-4364 ; 2008:1
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-79017 (URN)978-91-7264-536-9 (ISBN)
Conference
Den åttonde universitetspedagogiska konferensen 27-28 februari 2007
Available from: 2013-08-02 Created: 2013-08-02 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Gelfgren, S. & Göransdotter, M. (2006). Att vikta faktakunskaper mot analytisk förmåga: försök med en ny tvådelad examinationsform i Teknikens idéhistoria. In: Margareta Erhardsson och Katarina Winka (Ed.), Tänk efter, tänk nytt, tänk om: den sjunde universitetspedagogiska konferensen 2–3 mars 2005. Paper presented at Den sjunde universitetspedagogiska konferensen, Umeå, 2–3 mars 2005 (pp. 175-191). Umeå: Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att vikta faktakunskaper mot analytisk förmåga: försök med en ny tvådelad examinationsform i Teknikens idéhistoria
2006 (Swedish)In: Tänk efter, tänk nytt, tänk om: den sjunde universitetspedagogiska konferensen 2–3 mars 2005 / [ed] Margareta Erhardsson och Katarina Winka, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2006, p. 175-191Conference paper, Published paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

Kursen Teknikens idéhistoria, 5 poäng, ges inom ämnet idéhistoria vid Institutionen för Historiska studier. Oftast ges kursen som kvällskurs på halvfart, och många av studenterna kommer från ingenjörsutbildningar. Flera är ovana vid studier i humanistiska ämnen, och har ofta haft svårt att tillägna sig det ”kritiska läsande” som är centralt i vårt ämne. Bland annat för att komma till rätta med detta, har vi infört en modell för examination på kursen som är uppdelad i två etapper: dels en hemtenta som examinerar studenternas förståelse och analytiska förmåga, dels en kort skriftlig salstenta som examinerar det vi anser vara grundläggande fakta och nödvändiga baskunskaper.

Resultaten på de olika examinationsuppgifterna viktas enligt en uträkningstabell vi arbetat fram. Den har visat sig fungera mycket bra för att räkna fram ett slutbetyg på kursen där såväl faktakunskaper som analytisk förmåga vägs in på ett tydligt sätt. Uträkningstabellen är också konstruerad så att den relativt lätt skulle kunna gå att använda som verktyg för att tillämpa den 7-gradiga betygsskala som kan att bli aktuell i och med Bolognareformen.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2006
Series
Skriftserie från universitetspedagogiskt centrum, ISSN 1651-5692 ; 2006:1
National Category
Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-7491 (URN)91-7264-068-5 (ISBN)
Conference
Den sjunde universitetspedagogiska konferensen, Umeå, 2–3 mars 2005
Available from: 2008-01-10 Created: 2008-01-10 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Göransdotter, M. (2006). Mer design - bättre samhälle?: Designåret 2005 och debatten som inte blev av. In: Lena Holger, Jan Norrman, Ted Hesselbom (Ed.), Namu: Designåret 2005. Stockholm: Nationalmuseum
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mer design - bättre samhälle?: Designåret 2005 och debatten som inte blev av
2006 (Swedish)In: Namu: Designåret 2005 / [ed] Lena Holger, Jan Norrman, Ted Hesselbom, Stockholm: Nationalmuseum , 2006Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Nationalmuseum, 2006
Series
Nationalmuseie årsbok, ISSN 1403-6037 ; 52
Keywords
Designhistoria, design, industridesign, idéhistoria, smak, heminredning
National Category
History of Ideas
Research subject
History Of Sciences and Ideas
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-41582 (URN)91-7100-749-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2011-03-29 Created: 2011-03-29 Last updated: 2018-06-08
Göransdotter, M. (2005). God smak som fostran eller folkbildning?: om kurser i heminredning på 1940-talet. In: Årsbok om folkbildning 2004 (pp. 49-65). Stockholm: Föreningen för folkbildningsforsking
Open this publication in new window or tab >>God smak som fostran eller folkbildning?: om kurser i heminredning på 1940-talet
2005 (Swedish)In: Årsbok om folkbildning 2004, Stockholm: Föreningen för folkbildningsforsking , 2005, p. 49-65Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Föreningen för folkbildningsforsking, 2005
Keywords
idéhistoria, folkbildning, heminredning, möbler, möblering, smak, folkhemmt, Svenska slöjdföreningen, 1930-tal, 1940-tal
National Category
History of Ideas
Research subject
History Of Sciences and Ideas
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-41579 (URN)91-974528-2-3 (ISBN)
Available from: 2011-03-29 Created: 2011-03-29 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
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