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Rosqvist, Roland
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 19) Show all publications
Shrestha, N., Boucher, J., Bahnan, W., Clark, E. S., Rosqvist, R., Fields, K. A., . . . Schesser, K. (2013). The Host-Encoded Heme Regulated Inhibitor (HRI) Facilitates Virulence-Associated Activities of Bacterial Pathogens. PLoS ONE, 8(7), e68754
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Host-Encoded Heme Regulated Inhibitor (HRI) Facilitates Virulence-Associated Activities of Bacterial Pathogens
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2013 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 8, no 7, p. e68754-Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Here we show that cells lacking the heme-regulated inhibitor (HRI) are highly resistant to infection by bacterial pathogens. By examining the infection process in wild-type and HRI null cells, we found that HRI is required for pathogens to execute their virulence-associated cellular activities. Specifically, unlike wild-type cells, HRI null cells infected with the gram-negative bacterial pathogen Yersinia are essentially impervious to the cytoskeleton-damaging effects of the Yop virulence factors. This effect is due to reduced functioning of the Yersinia type 3 secretion (T3S) system which injects virulence factors directly into the host cell cytosol. Reduced T3S activity is also observed in HRI null cells infected with the bacterial pathogen Chlamydia which results in a dramatic reduction in its intracellular proliferation. We go on to show that a HRI-mediated process plays a central role in the cellular infection cycle of the Gram-positive pathogen Listeria. For this pathogen, HRI is required for the post-invasion trafficking of the bacterium to the infected host cytosol. Thus by depriving Listeria of its intracellular niche, there is a highly reduced proliferation of Listeria in HRI null cells. We provide evidence that these infection-associated functions of HRI (an eIF2 alpha kinase) are independent of its activity as a regulator of protein synthesis. This is the first report of a host factor whose absence interferes with the function of T3S secretion and cytosolic access by pathogens and makes HRI an excellent target for inhibitors due to its broad virulence-associated activities.

National Category
Cell and Molecular Biology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-79608 (URN)10.1371/journal.pone.0068754 (DOI)000321765300065 ()
Available from: 2013-10-17 Created: 2013-08-26 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Edgren, T., Forsberg, Å., Rosqvist, R. & Wolf-Watz, H. (2012). Type III Secretion in Yersinia: Injectisome or Not?. PLoS pathogens, 8(5), e1002669
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Type III Secretion in Yersinia: Injectisome or Not?
2012 (English)In: PLoS pathogens, ISSN 1553-7374, Vol. 8, no 5, p. e1002669-Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Microbiology in the medical area
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-55608 (URN)10.1371/journal.ppat.1002669 (DOI)000305322900007 ()22589714 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2012-05-29 Created: 2012-05-23 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Akopyan, K., Edgren, T., Wang-Edgren, H., Rosqvist, R., Fahlgren, A., Wolf-Watz, H. & Fällman, M. (2011). Translocation of surface-localized effectors in type III secretion. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 108(4), 1639-1644
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Translocation of surface-localized effectors in type III secretion
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2011 (English)In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, E-ISSN 1091-6490, Vol. 108, no 4, p. 1639-1644Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Pathogenic Yersinia species suppress the host immune response by using a plasmid-encoded type III secretion system (T3SS) to translocate virulence proteins into the cytosol of the target cells. T3SS-dependent protein translocation is believed to occur in one step from the bacterial cytosol to the target-cell cytoplasm through a conduit created by the T3SS upon target cell contact. Here, we report that T3SS substrates on the surface of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis are translocated into target cells. Upon host cell contact, purified YopH coated on Y. pseudotuberculosis was specifically and rapidly translocated across the target-cell membrane, which led to a physiological response in the infected cell. In addition, translocation of externally added YopH required a functional T3SS and a specific translocation domain in the effector protein. Efficient, T3SS-dependent translocation of purified YopH added in vitro was also observed when using coated Salmonella typhimurium strains, which implies that T3SS-mediated translocation of extracellular effector proteins is conserved among T3SS-dependent pathogens. Our results demonstrate that polarized T3SS-dependent translocation of proteins can be achieved through an intermediate extracellular step that can be reconstituted in vitro. These results indicate that translocation can occur by a different mechanism from the assumed single-step conduit model.

Keywords
bacterial pathogenesis, Yop effector, Ca2+-signaling, neutrophil
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-43205 (URN)10.1073/pnas.1013888108 (DOI)
Available from: 2011-04-22 Created: 2011-04-22 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Forsberg, K., Jonsson, P. A., Andersen, P. M., Bergemalm, D., Graffmo, K. S., Hultdin, M., . . . Brännström, T. (2010). Novel antibodies reveal inclusions containing non-native SOD1 in sporadic ALS patients. PLoS ONE, 5(7), e11552
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Novel antibodies reveal inclusions containing non-native SOD1 in sporadic ALS patients
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2010 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 5, no 7, p. e11552-Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Mutations in CuZn-superoxide dismutase (SOD1) cause amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and are found in 6% of ALS patients. Non-native and aggregation-prone forms of mutant SOD1s are thought to trigger the disease. Two sets of novel antibodies, raised in rabbits and chicken, against peptides spaced along the human SOD1 sequence, were by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and an immunocapture method shown to be specific for denatured SOD1. These were used to examine SOD1 in spinal cords of ALS patients lacking mutations in the enzyme. Small granular SOD1-immunoreactive inclusions were found in spinal motoneurons of all 37 sporadic and familial ALS patients studied, but only sparsely in 3 of 28 neurodegenerative and 2 of 19 non-neurological control patients. The granular inclusions were by confocal microscopy found to partly colocalize with markers for lysosomes but not with inclusions containing TAR DNA binding protein-43, ubiquitin or markers for endoplasmic reticulum, autophagosomes or mitochondria. Granular inclusions were also found in carriers of SOD1 mutations and in spinobulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA) patients and they were the major type of inclusion detected in ALS patients homozygous for the wild type-like D90A mutation. The findings suggest that SOD1 may be involved in ALS pathogenesis in patients lacking mutations in the enzyme.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Public library of science, 2010
Keywords
amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis; cu/zn superoxide-dismutase; motor-neuron degeneration; molecular pathology; gene mutation; linked SOD1; mutant SOD1; mice; disease; immunoreactivity
National Category
Medical Biotechnology (with a focus on Cell Biology (including Stem Cell Biology), Molecular Biology, Microbiology, Biochemistry or Biopharmacy)
Research subject
Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-40739 (URN)10.1371/journal.pone.0011552 (DOI)000279884900009 ()20644736 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2011-03-08 Created: 2011-03-08 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Gu, W., Brännström, T., Rosqvist, R. & Wester, P. (2009). Cell division in the cerebral cortex of adult rats after photothrombotic ring stroke.. Stem Cell Research, 2(1), 68-77
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cell division in the cerebral cortex of adult rats after photothrombotic ring stroke.
2009 (English)In: Stem Cell Research, ISSN 1876-7753, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 68-77Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Neurogenesis has been shown to occur in the cerebral cortex in adult rats after ischemic stroke. The origin of the newborn neurons is largely unknown. This study aimed to explore cell division in the poststroke penumbral cortex. Adult male Wistar rats were subjected to photothrombotic ring stroke. After repeated delivery of the DNA duplication marker BrdU, the animals were sacrificed at various times poststroke. BrdU was detected by immunohistochemistry/immunofluorescence labeling, as was the M-phase marker Phos H3 and the spindle components alpha-tubulin/gamma-tubulin. DNA damage was examined by TUNEL staining. Cell type was ascertained by double immunolabeling with the neuronal markers Map-2ab/beta-tubulin III and NeuN/Hu or the astrocyte marker GFAP. From 16h poststroke, BrdU-immunolabeled cells appeared in the penumbral cortex. From 24h, Phos H3 was colocalized with BrdU in the nuclei. Mitotic spindles immunolabeled by alpha-tubulin/gamma-tubulin appeared inside the cortical cells containing BrdU-immunopositive nuclei. Unexpectedly, the markers of neuronal differentiation, Map-2ab/beta-tubulin III/NeuN/Hu, were expressed in the Phos H3-immunolabeled cells, and NeuN was detected in some cells containing spindles. This study suggests that in response to a sublethal ischemic insult, endogenous cells with neuronal immunolabeling may duplicate their nuclear DNA and commit cell mitosis to generate daughter neurons in the penumbral cortex in adult rats.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2009
Keywords
apoptosis, cisplatin, malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), phase-contrast microscopy (PCM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
National Category
Cell and Molecular Biology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-24706 (URN)10.1016/j.scr.2008.07.003 (DOI)19383410 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2009-07-10 Created: 2009-07-10 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Isaksson, E. L., Aili, M., Fahlgren, A., Carlsson, S. E., Rosqvist, R. & Wolf-Watz, H. (2009). The membrane localization domain is required for intracellular localization and autoregulation of YopE in Yersinia pseudotuberculosis.. Infection and Immunity, 77(11), 4740-4749
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The membrane localization domain is required for intracellular localization and autoregulation of YopE in Yersinia pseudotuberculosis.
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2009 (English)In: Infection and Immunity, ISSN 0019-9567, E-ISSN 1098-5522, Vol. 77, no 11, p. 4740-4749Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Recent work has shown that a domain of YopE of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis ranging from amino acids 54 to 75 (R. Krall, Y. Zhang, and J. T. Barbieri, J. Biol. Chem. 279:2747-2753, 2004) is required for proper localization of YopE after ectopic expression in eukaryotic cells. This domain, called the membrane localization domain (MLD), has not been extensively studied in Yersinia. Therefore, an in cis MLD deletion mutant of YopE was created in Y. pseudotuberculosis. The mutant was found to secrete and translocate YopE at wild-type levels. However, the mutant was defective in the autoregulation of YopE expression after the infection of HeLa cells. Although the mutant translocated YopE at wild-type levels, it showed a delayed HeLa cell cytotoxicity. This delay was not caused by a change in GTPase activating protein (GAP) activity, since the mutant showed wild-type YopE GAP activity toward Rac1 and RhoA. The MLD mutant displayed a changed intracellular localization pattern of YopE in HeLa cells after infection, and the YopEDeltaMLD protein was found to be dispersed within the whole cell, including the nucleus. In contrast, wild-type YopE was found to localize to the perinuclear region of the cell and was not found in the nucleus. In addition, the yopEDeltaMLD mutant was avirulent. Our results suggest that YopE must target proteins other than RhoA and Rac1 and that the MLD is required for the proper targeting and hence virulence of YopE during infection. Our results raise the question whether YopE is a regulatory protein or a "true" virulence effector protein.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Society for Microbiology, 2009
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-32212 (URN)10.1128/IAI.00333-09 (DOI)19687205 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2010-03-03 Created: 2010-03-03 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Aili, M., Isaksson, E. L., Carlsson, S. E., Wolf-Watz, H., Rosqvist, R. & Francis, M. S. (2008). Regulation of Yersinia Yop-effector delivery by translocated YopE. International Journal of Medical Microbiology, 298(3-4), 183-192
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Regulation of Yersinia Yop-effector delivery by translocated YopE
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2008 (English)In: International Journal of Medical Microbiology, ISSN 1438-4221, E-ISSN 1618-0607, Vol. 298, no 3-4, p. 183-192Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The bacterial pathogen Yersinia pseudotuberculosis uses a type III secretion (T3S) system to translocate Yop effectors into eukaryotic cells. Effectors are thought to gain access to the cytosol via pores formed in the host cell plasma membrane. Translocated YopE can modulate this pore formation through its GTPase-activating protein (GAP) activity. In this study, we analysed the role of translocated YopE and all the other known Yop effectors in the regulation of effector translocation. Elevated levels of Yop effector translocation into HeLa cells occurred by YopE-defective strains, but not those defective for other Yop effectors. Only Yersinia devoid of YopK exhibits a similar hyper-translocation phenotype. Since both yopK and yopE mutants also failed to down-regulate Yop synthesis in the presence of eukaryotic cells, these data imply that translocated YopE specifically regulates subsequent effector translocation by Yersinia through at least one mechanism that involves YopK. We suggest that the GAP activity of YopE might be working as an intra-cellular probe measuring the amount of protein translocated by Yersinia during infection. This may be a general feature of T3S-associated GAP proteins, since two homologues from Pseudomonas aeruginosa, exoenzyme S (ExoS) and exoenzyme T (ExoT), can complement the hyper-translocation phenotypes of the yopE GAP mutant.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2008
Keywords
YopE; GAP activity; ExoS; ExoT, feedback inhibition, translocation, type III secretion
National Category
Microbiology in the medical area
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-20424 (URN)10.1016/j.ijmm.2007.04.007 (DOI)17597003 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2009-03-19 Created: 2009-03-19 Last updated: 2018-06-09
Wiley, D. J., Rosqvist, R. & Schesser, K. (2007). Induction of the Yersinia type 3 secretion system as an all-or-none phenomenon. Journal of Molecular Biology, 373(1), 27-37
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Induction of the Yersinia type 3 secretion system as an all-or-none phenomenon
2007 (English)In: Journal of Molecular Biology, ISSN 0022-2836, E-ISSN 1089-8638, Vol. 373, no 1, p. 27-37Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Pathogenic Yersinia spp. possess a protein secretion system, designated as type 3, that plays a clear role in promoting their survival vis-à-vis the macrophage. Inductive expression of the Yersinia type 3 secretion system (T3SS), triggered either by host cell contact, or, in the absence of host cells, by a reduction in extracellular calcium ion levels, is accompanied by a withdrawal from the bacterial division cycle. Here, we analyzed Ca2+-dependent induction of the T3SS at the single-cell level to understand how Yersinia coordinates pro-survival and growth-related activities. We utilized a novel high-throughput quantitative microscopy approach as well as flow cytometry to determine how Ca2+ levels, T3SS expression, and cellular division are interrelated. Our analysis showed that there is a high degree of homogeneity in terms of T3SS expression levels among a population of Y. pseudotuberculosis cells following the removal of Ca2+, and that T3SS expression appears to be independent of the cellular division cycle. Unexpectedly, our analysis showed that Ca2+ levels are inversely related to the initiation of inductive T3SS expression, and not to the intensity of activation once initiated, thus providing a basis for the seemingly graded response of T3SS activation observed in bulk-level analyses. The properties of the system described here display both similarities to and differences from that of the lac operon first described 50 years ago by Novick and Weiner.

Keywords
gene expression, induction, Yersinia, type 3 secretion, Yops
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Cell and Molecular Biology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-33336 (URN)10.1016/j.jmb.2007.07.077 (DOI)17825321 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2010-04-21 Created: 2010-04-21 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Aili, M., Isaksson, E. L., Hallberg, B., Wolf-Watz, H. & Rosqvist, R. (2006). Functional analysis of the YopE GTPase-activating protein (GAP) activity of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis. Cellular Microbiology, 8(6), 1020-1033
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Functional analysis of the YopE GTPase-activating protein (GAP) activity of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis
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2006 (English)In: Cellular Microbiology, ISSN 1462-5814, E-ISSN 1462-5822, Vol. 8, no 6, p. 1020-1033Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

YopE of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis inactivates three members of the small RhoGTPase family (RhoA, Rac1 and Cdc42) in vitro and mutation of a critical arginine abolishes both in vitro GTPase-activating protein (GAP) activity and cytotoxicity towards HeLa cells, and renders the pathogen avirulent in a mouse model. To understand the functional role of YopE, in vivo studies of the GAP activity in infected eukaryotic cells were conducted. Wild-type YopE inactivated Rac1 as early as 5 min after infection whereas RhoA was down regulated about 30 min after infection. No effect of YopE was found on the activation state of Cdc42 in Yersinia-infected cells. Single-amino-acid substitution mutants of YopE revealed two different phenotypes: (i) mutants with significantly lowered in vivo GAP activity towards RhoA and Rac1 displaying full virulence in mice, and (ii) avirulent mutants with wild-type in vivo GAP activity towards RhoA and Rac1. Our results show that Cdc42 is not an in vivo target for YopE and that YopE interacts preferentially with Rac1, and to a lesser extent with RhoA, during in vivo conditions. Surprisingly, we present results suggesting that these interactions are not a prerequisite to establish infection in mice. Finally, we show that avirulent yopE mutants translocate YopE in about sixfold higher amount compared with wild type. This raises the question whether YopE's primary function is to sense the level of translocation rather than being directly involved in downregulation of the host defence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley, 2006
Keywords
Animals, Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins/*analysis/genetics/*physiology, Bacterial Translocation/physiology, DNA; Bacterial/analysis/genetics, Down-Regulation/physiology, Female, GTPase-Activating Proteins/*analysis/*physiology, Gene Expression Regulation; Bacterial, Hela Cells, Humans, L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/metabolism, Mice, Mice; Inbred C57BL, Mutation, Substrate Specificity, Virulence, Yersinia pseudotuberculosis/*chemistry/pathogenicity/*physiology, cdc42 GTP-Binding Protein/analysis/genetics/physiology, rac1 GTP-Binding Protein/analysis/genetics/physiology, rhoA GTP-Binding Protein/analysis/genetics/physiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-16693 (URN)10.1111/j.1462-5822.2005.00684.x (DOI)16681842 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2007-10-09 Created: 2007-10-09 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
O'Toole, R., Von Hofsten, J., Rosqvist, R., Olsson, P.-E. & Wolf-Watz, H. (2004). Visualisation of zebrafish infection by GFP-labelled Vibrio anguillarum.. Microb Pathog, 37(1), 41-6
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Visualisation of zebrafish infection by GFP-labelled Vibrio anguillarum.
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2004 (English)In: Microb Pathog, ISSN 0882-4010, Vol. 37, no 1, p. 41-6Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Vibrio anguillarum is an invasive pathogen of fish causing a septicaemia called vibriosis. In this work, transparent zebrafish were immersed in water containing green fluorescent protein labelled V. anguillarum. The infection was visualised at the whole fish and single bacterium levels using microscopy. The gastrointestinal tract was the first site where the pathogen was detected. This enteric localisation occurred independently of the flagellum or motility. On the other hand, chemotactic motility was essential for association of the pathogen with the fish surface. In conclusion, the zebrafish infection model provides evidence that the intestine and skin represent sites of infection by V. anguillarum and suggests a host site where chemotaxis may function in virulence.

Keywords
Animals, Bacterial Adhesion, Chemotaxis, Flagella/physiology, Gastrointestinal Tract/microbiology/pathology, Genes; Reporter, Green Fluorescent Proteins, Luminescent Proteins/genetics/*metabolism, Movement, Skin/microbiology/pathology, Staining and Labeling/*methods, Vibrio/*pathogenicity/physiology, Vibrio Infections/*microbiology/pathology, Zebrafish/*microbiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-16696 (URN)15194159 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2007-10-09 Created: 2007-10-09 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
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