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Wangefelt Ström, Helena
Publications (10 of 10) Show all publications
Wangefelt Ström, H. & Barbierato, F. (2018). Omne malum ab Aquilone: images of the evil North in early modern Italy and their impact on cross-religious encounters. In: Dolly Jørgensen and Virginia Langum (Ed.), Visions of North in premodern Europe: (pp. 265-286). Turnhout: Brepols
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Omne malum ab Aquilone: images of the evil North in early modern Italy and their impact on cross-religious encounters
2018 (English)In: Visions of North in premodern Europe / [ed] Dolly Jørgensen and Virginia Langum, Turnhout: Brepols, 2018, p. 265-286Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Destructive, infertile, intellectually inferior, and the home of witches and werewolves. A northern visitor to southern Europe in the early modern period travelled — willingly or not — into a world imbued with forceful associations related to the North that were well estab- lished, historically rooted, and alive in the minds of the people in the South. These concepts, mythological images, and archetypes were well known also by the northerners themselves, and were, contrary to what one might expect, not merely a yoke of negative expectations but also in some cases cleverly used to enhance certain aspects of a constructed image or a desired reputation. This article wishes to bring forth some of these images, and give examples of how they were used and affected in particular the religious relations between North and South in the post-Reformation period.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Turnhout: Brepols, 2018
Series
Cursor Mundi ; 31
Keywords
north, early modern history, early modern Italy, early modern Sweden, Reformation
National Category
History Cultural Studies History of Religions
Research subject
History; museology; History Of Religions
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-147655 (URN)10.1484/M.CURSOR-EB.5.114066 (DOI)978-2-503-57475-2 (ISBN)978-2-503-57476-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-05-13 Created: 2018-05-13 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Wangefelt Ström, H. (2018). Religion in Museums: Euthanized Sacredness, in the Beholder’s Eye, or a Multi-Tool for Shifting Needs?: Three suggested models to discuss how museums affect sacredness. In: François Mairesse (Ed.), Museology and the Sacred. Papers for discussion: . Paper presented at ICOFOM Symposium, “Museology and the Sacred”, Tehran, October 15-19, 2018 (pp. 223-228). Paris: ICOFOM (International committee for museology)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Religion in Museums: Euthanized Sacredness, in the Beholder’s Eye, or a Multi-Tool for Shifting Needs?: Three suggested models to discuss how museums affect sacredness
2018 (English)In: Museology and the Sacred. Papers for discussion / [ed] François Mairesse, Paris: ICOFOM (International committee for museology) , 2018, p. 223-228Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

What happens when religion in the shape of objects imbued with religious meaning is transformed into cultural heritage? What values are added, what are lost, and who is the performing agent? These questions concern what museums do to objects connected to religion, calling for a meditated use of terms such as holy, sacred, religious, and spiritual (all employed in recent research and policy documents by, for example, UNESCO, while in many cases as interchangeable). This paper suggests three models to understand the processes of heritagisation of religion and the factors and agents involved, starting from a historical background in European, in particular Italian, Early Modernity. A frequently used scholarly model depicts the museum as a killing of previous identities, and the objects as provided with entirely new identities, and lives, as museum objects. This view brings on dramatic effects for sacred objects, how they are handled and narrated in the museum, and possibly on how they are viewed by the visitors. The use or not of information signs before sacred objects in museums is an aspect on this matter. The second model is the hybrid identity, where a museum object can be said to possess two authentic identities simultaneously, depending on the views and beliefs of the beholder: authentic sacredness, or authentic art object and evidence of history. This view may fit well with the focus on the individual in our time. The third model presented is based on the two previous ones, and suggests a hybridity not only in identities or living/dead, but defined by the uses of the objects. Even musealized objects can, as in the cases of religious treasuries or of certain religious images in museums, shift identity between museum object, object of devotion (to be carried in processions or used in rituals), legitimization symbol (bishops’ ordinations etc), and, historically, as a monetary reserve to be sold if needed. The identity of the object shifts, also in practice of being looked at behind glass or being used and touched, depending on the use currently applied to it. A distinction between cultual use and cultural use is relevant for this model. I argue that these different approaches to sacred objects in museum pose different museological challenges and possibilities, and also ascribes different agencies to museum staff as well as to the visitors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Paris: ICOFOM (International committee for museology), 2018
Keywords
Museology, Sacred, religion in museums, heritage, critical heritage studies
National Category
Cultural Studies
Research subject
museology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-153749 (URN)978-92-9012-448-1 (ISBN)
Conference
ICOFOM Symposium, “Museology and the Sacred”, Tehran, October 15-19, 2018
Available from: 2018-11-29 Created: 2018-11-29 Last updated: 2019-06-25Bibliographically approved
Wangefelt Ström, H. & Villani, S. (2017). EMoDiR Research Group: Report 2007–2017.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>EMoDiR Research Group: Report 2007–2017
2017 (English)Report (Other academic)
Publisher
p. 70
Keywords
early modern history, religious dissent, religious controversy, blasphemy, magic, tidigmodern historia, kyrkohistoria, religionshistoria, religionsstrider, reformationstiden, kätteri, magi
National Category
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-144019 (URN)
Available from: 2018-01-17 Created: 2018-01-17 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Wangefelt Ström, H., Thurfjell, D., Webb, J. & Kjellsdotter Rydinger, M. (2016). History Unfolds: Andligt kulturarv - Religion, mångfald och museer. Stockholm
Open this publication in new window or tab >>History Unfolds: Andligt kulturarv - Religion, mångfald och museer
2016 (English)Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

Andligt kulturarv – Religion, mångfald och museer. I de flesta museisamlingar finns föremål från olika religioner. På Historiska museet finns t ex en stor samling medeltida kyrkokonst. Sverige är ett sekulariserat land, hur påverkar det religiösa kulturarvet oss idag? Och vilken roll kan museer spela i diskussioner om de existentiella utmaningar som samhället står inför idag? Vilka frågor och ställningstaganden är viktiga? Medverkande: David Thurfjell, professor i religionsvetenskap vid Södertörns högskola, James Webb, konstnär, Maria Kjellsdotter Rydinger, präst och projektledare för ”Tillsammans för Sverige”, samt Helena Wangefelt Ström, forskare i museologi vid Umeå universitet.

Place, publisher, year, pages
Stockholm: , 2016
Keywords
religion in museums, museums, spirituality, religious art, materiality, religion på museum, museer, andlighet, religiös konst, materialitet
National Category
Humanities and the Arts Other Humanities not elsewhere specified
Research subject
museology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-144184 (URN)
Projects
History Unfolds
Available from: 2018-01-24 Created: 2018-01-24 Last updated: 2018-06-09
Wangefelt Ström, H. (2013). Döden i souvenirbutiken: Kvarlevor som kult och kuriosa. Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift (2), 20-26
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Döden i souvenirbutiken: Kvarlevor som kult och kuriosa
2013 (Swedish)In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, no 2, p. 20-26Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Death in the souvenir shop: Mortal remains as cult and curiosities

Museums, heritage production and Christian relics all deal with and are built on death in various aspects. Transferring an everyday object into the museum sphere can be regarded as an intentional death, a rebirth to a new identity and a new context. Relics are the byproducts of death, given a new life as subject to religious veneration. When inscribed in yet another context of heritage, musealisation and tourism, they can once again be regarded as dead and resurrected to a new life and identity. When saintly bones journey from human life through death, sacredness, political power and tourism, to something for sale in the souvenir shop, is it layer upon layer of death – or an endless chain of resurrections and new lives?

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Föreningen Kulturella perspektiv, 2013
Keywords
relics, death, heritage, heritagisation, museums, materialty, reliker, död, kulturarv, kulturarvifiering, museum, materialitet
National Category
Cultural Studies Other Humanities not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Museology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-79486 (URN)
Available from: 2013-08-20 Created: 2013-08-20 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Wangefelt Ström, H. (2013). Helighet på museum. In: Sofia Lilly Jönsson (Ed.), Strukturer, arvet, prästen, avförtrollning: Texter ur tidskriften Evangelium 2012-2013. Gaudete
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Helighet på museum
2013 (Swedish)In: Strukturer, arvet, prästen, avförtrollning: Texter ur tidskriften Evangelium 2012-2013 / [ed] Sofia Lilly Jönsson, Gaudete , 2013Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gaudete, 2013
National Category
Other Humanities not elsewhere specified
Research subject
museology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-144032 (URN)9789186577377 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-01-18 Created: 2018-01-18 Last updated: 2018-06-09
Wangefelt Ström, H. (2013). "Medeltiden är död - leve medeltiden!": epilog om hur religionen blev kulturarv. Gotländskt arkiv, 85, 199-206
Open this publication in new window or tab >>"Medeltiden är död - leve medeltiden!": epilog om hur religionen blev kulturarv
2013 (Swedish)In: Gotländskt arkiv, ISSN 0434-2429, E-ISSN 1176-2152, Vol. 85, p. 199-206Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Visby: Gotlands fornsal, 2013
Keywords
heritage, heritagisation, religious heritage, ruins, church history, kulturarv, religiöst kulturarv, kulturarvifiering, ruiner, kyrkohistoria, Gotland
National Category
History
Research subject
museology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-144024 (URN)
Available from: 2018-01-17 Created: 2018-01-17 Last updated: 2018-08-30Bibliographically approved
Wangefelt Ström, H. (2012). Helighet på museum. Tidskriften Evangelium (2)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Helighet på museum
2012 (Swedish)In: Tidskriften Evangelium, ISSN 2001-6808, no 2Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Keywords
kulturarv, religiöst kulturarv, museer, kulturarvifiering
National Category
Other Humanities not elsewhere specified
Research subject
museology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-144031 (URN)
Available from: 2018-01-18 Created: 2018-01-18 Last updated: 2018-06-09
Wangefelt Ström, H. (2011). Heligt, hotfullt, historiskt : kulturarvifieringen av det katolska i 1600-talets Sverige. Lychnos, 29-53
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Heligt, hotfullt, historiskt : kulturarvifieringen av det katolska i 1600-talets Sverige
2011 (Swedish)In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 29-53Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Heligt – Hotfullt – Historiskt: Kulturarvifieringen av det katolska i 1600-talets Sverige

Helena Wangefelt Ström

Abstract

This article aims at bringing together two concepts with many similarities, heritage and sacredness, using theories presently under construction in an international and interdisciplinary research field dealing with heritage production, politics and power. Focus is on the process and the agenda more than the product, and particularly on the transvaluation taking place when something is given a heritage status: the form is intact, but the content is new and different. These theories are applied on a 17th century Swedish national inquiry for historical remains or ”antiquities”, ordered by the King and performed by the local clergy, an inquiry where not only the expected and specifically requested runic stones, pre-historic graves or famous battle fields were listed, but in many cases also far more recent Catholic items and memories, thus transformed from sacred objects to a part of the national heritage. The hypothesis presented and argued for is that this listing and, in fact, heritage production also worked as an act of control and domestication of the potentially dangerous: the threatening, former sacred, was made harmless when – literally or figuratively – locked up in a museum case.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: , 2011
Keywords
heritage, heritagisation, antiquities, catholicism, Sweden, 17th century, kulturarv, kulturarvifiering, antikviteter, rannsakningar, katolicism, göticism, 1600-tal
National Category
History of Ideas
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-79493 (URN)
Available from: 2013-08-20 Created: 2013-08-20 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Wangefelt Ström, H. (2006). Kulturarv: ikon för en sekulariserad tid. Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, 15(3), 67-76
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kulturarv: ikon för en sekulariserad tid
2006 (Swedish)In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 67-76Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article examines how the term 'holiness' can be applied to the discussion about cultural heritage, and raises the question whether cultural heritage might even have substituted institutionalized religion as an object of devotion in a secularized society. A comparison between the religious field and the heritage field is performed by studying two specific examples, the Trinity icon by Andrej Rublev and the medieval wall surrounding the city of Visby, Sweden. Different aspects of these examples are examined, such as Creating distance - creating intimacy; Pedagogical example - The real thing; Who is the subject, who's zoomin' who?; The bless and to petrify; Between preservation and use, form and function. The parallells between the religious field and the heritage field end up in a conclusion that 'holiness' needs to be re-introduced as a factor - not least in a time and society of increasing cultural diversity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: , 2006
Keywords
heritage, heritagisation, religion, sacredness, kulturarv, kulturarvifiering, religion, sakralitet
National Category
Cultural Studies
Research subject
Museology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-79488 (URN)
Available from: 2013-08-20 Created: 2013-08-20 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
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