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Bolin, Niklas
Publications (8 of 8) Show all publications
Bolin, N. (2012). Målsättning riksdagen: Ett aktörsperspektiv på nya partiers inträde i det nationella parlamentet. (Doctoral dissertation). Umeå: Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Målsättning riksdagen: Ett aktörsperspektiv på nya partiers inträde i det nationella parlamentet
2012 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
Making the Breakthrough : An Agency-Centred Perspective on New Party Entrance into National Parliaments
Abstract [en]

During much of the 20th century, the national party systems of Western Europe remained largely unchanged. However, beginning in the 1970s, these frozen party systems slowly started to melt. As the number of parties has increased, the question of what explains new party entrance has also attracted more scholarly interest.

Despite this increased attention, the study of new political parties still suffers from a structuralist bias. The implication is that the fates of new parties are decided almost exclusively by external factors. Some scholars focus on the institutional environment; others emphasize sociological explanations, such as the formation of new cleavages in society.

Yet such non-actor-centred perspectives risk being excessively deterministic. They also struggle to explain why some parties succeed in gaining entrance to legislatures while others, seemingly under the same external circumstances, fail. In this thesis, therefore, a new way to study parties and their path to parliament is proposed. Starting with the notion that external conditions alone cannot explain new party entrance, the thesis takes an agency-based perspective. Three sets of strategies are identified as being important means for a party to influence its chances of getting into parliament. They concern the party's resources, its political project and its external relations. In what ways can supply and management of resources, policies and relations with other parties affect the potential for becoming a parliamentary party?

Through four in-depth case studies of new entrants into the Swedish national parliament, the Riksdag, the thesis concludes that there are some important commonalities in their paths to parliament. Especially with regard to their resources and their political project, the empirical evidence supports the initial premise: new party entrance is unthinkable without successful strategic behaviour.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2012. p. 322
Series
Statsvetenskapliga institutionens skriftserie, ISSN 0349-0831 ; 2012:3
Keywords
new political parties, agency, strategies, Sweden, the Green Party, the Christian Democrats, the New Democracy Party, the Sweden Democrats
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
political science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-54453 (URN)978-91-7459-407-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2012-06-09, Samhällsvetarhuset, Hörsal C, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 13:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2012-05-15 Created: 2012-04-26 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Bergman, T. & Bolin, N. (2011). Swedish democracy: crumbling political parties, a feeble riksdag, and technocratic power holders?. In: Torbjörn Bergman and Kaare Strøm (Ed.), The Madisonian turn: political parties and parliamentary democracy in Nordic Europe. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Swedish democracy: crumbling political parties, a feeble riksdag, and technocratic power holders?
2011 (English)In: The Madisonian turn: political parties and parliamentary democracy in Nordic Europe / [ed] Torbjörn Bergman and Kaare Strøm, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press , 2011Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2011
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-43636 (URN)
Available from: 2011-05-05 Created: 2011-05-05 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Bolin, N. (2010). How new parties shape their own fate: an actor-centered framework for analysis. Paper presented at ECPR Graduate Conference, Dublin, Ireland, 30 August to 1 September.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How new parties shape their own fate: an actor-centered framework for analysis
2010 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
political science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-43344 (URN)
Conference
ECPR Graduate Conference, Dublin, Ireland, 30 August to 1 September
Available from: 2011-04-27 Created: 2011-04-27 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Bolin, N. (2007). Established parties and their measures against new parties: The case of Sweden.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Established parties and their measures against new parties: The case of Sweden
2007 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
political science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-31104 (URN)
Note
Paper to be presented to the panel 'Explaining the performance of new and unestablished parties'. ECPR 4th General Conference, Pisa 6-8 September 2007.Available from: 2010-01-29 Created: 2010-01-29 Last updated: 2018-06-08
Bolin, N. (2007). New Party Entrance: Analyzing the Impact of Political Institutions. Umeå: Statsvetenskap
Open this publication in new window or tab >>New Party Entrance: Analyzing the Impact of Political Institutions
2007 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Although research on new parties now is more common than just a couple of decades ago, we still lack a more general theory of when new parties manage to enter national parliaments for the first time. In this article I try to fill some of the gap in the literature by analyzing the impact of certain formal political institutions. Using a dataset made up of election results held in 18 West European countries between 1960 and 2005, some tentatively important political institutions are scrutinized. I find the electoral system is an important factor in the explanation of when new parties enter national parliaments. The impact of state subsidies to parties is, on the other hand, rather weak. This runs contrary to the cartel thesis, which implies that such subsidies serve to block the entrance of new parties. Overall, however, the institutional framework can provide only a partial explanation and can only be seen as one aspect of new party entrance. Socio-economic factors as well as actor-centred factors are other aspects with potential explanatory power.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Statsvetenskap, 2007. p. 20
Series
Umeå Working Papers in Political Science, ISSN 1654-238X ; 2
Keywords
Western Europe, new parties, electoral systems, campaign and finance law
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-1159 (URN)
Available from: 2007-05-30 Created: 2007-05-30 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Aylott, N. & Bolin, N. (2007). Towards a two-party system?: The Swedish parliamentary election of September 2006. West European Politics, 30(3), 621-633
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards a two-party system?: The Swedish parliamentary election of September 2006
2007 (English)In: West European Politics, ISSN 0140-2382, E-ISSN 1743-9655, Vol. 30, no 3, p. 621-633Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2007
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-15095 (URN)10.1080/01402380701276477 (DOI)
Available from: 2007-06-26 Created: 2007-06-26 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Bolin, N. & Larue, T. (2006). Bättre forskarutbildning i statsvetenskap: ett förslag. Statsvetenskaplig tidskrift, 108(2), 224-226
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bättre forskarutbildning i statsvetenskap: ett förslag
2006 (Swedish)In: Statsvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 108, no 2, p. 224-226Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-15096 (URN)
Available from: 2007-06-26 Created: 2007-06-26 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Bolin, N. & Aylott, N. (2006). The Swedish parliamentary election of September 2006. : European Parties Elections and Referendums Network, Sussex
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Swedish parliamentary election of September 2006
2006 (English)Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, pages
European Parties Elections and Referendums Network, Sussex, 2006
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-15097 (URN)
Note
This report is based on a forthcoming article in West European Politics.Available from: 2007-06-26 Created: 2007-06-26 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
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