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Bodin, Madelen
Publications (10 of 16) Show all publications
Lindfors, M., Winberg, M. & Bodin, M. (2019). The role of students' scientific epistemic beliefs in computer-simulated problem solving. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 63(1), 124-144
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The role of students' scientific epistemic beliefs in computer-simulated problem solving
2019 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, ISSN 0031-3831, E-ISSN 1470-1170, Vol. 63, no 1, p. 124-144Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Research on how epistemic beliefs influence students' learning in different contexts is ambiguous. Given this, we have examined the relationships between students' scientific epistemic beliefs, their problem solving, and solutions in a constructionist computer-simulation in classical mechanics. The problem solving process and performance of 19 tenth grade students, with different scientific epistemic beliefs, was video recorded and inductively coded. Quantitative analysis revealed that different sets of epistemic beliefs were conducive to different aspects of students' problem solving process and outcomes.  Theoretically sophisticated beliefs were in general associated with logical strategies and high solution complexity. However, authority dependence was associated with high degree of adherence to instructions. Hence, there might not be a universal relationship between theoretical sophistication of students' epistemic beliefs and quality of learning outcomes. We suggest that the conduciveness to desired outcomes is a better measure of sophistication than theoretical non-contextualized a priori assumptions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2019
Keywords
Epistemic beliefs, problem solving, computer simulation, sophistication
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Research subject
educational work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-134192 (URN)10.1080/00313831.2017.1324907 (DOI)000451601200008 ()2-s2.0-85020209220 (Scopus ID)
Projects
DOLIS
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 721-2013-2180
Available from: 2017-04-28 Created: 2017-04-28 Last updated: 2019-10-16Bibliographically approved
Lindfors, M., Bodin, M. & Simon, S. (2019). Unpacking students’ epistemic cognition in a physics problem‐solving environment. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 1-38
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Unpacking students’ epistemic cognition in a physics problem‐solving environment
2019 (English)In: Journal of Research in Science Teaching, ISSN 0022-4308, E-ISSN 1098-2736, p. 1-38Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

It is a widely held view that students’ epistemic beliefs influence the way they think and learn in a given context, however, in the science learning context, the relationship between sophisticated epistemic beliefs and success in scientific practice is sometimes ambiguous. Taking this inconsistency as a point of departure, we examined the relationship between students’ scientific epistemic beliefs (SEB), their epistemic practices, and their epistemic cognition in a computer simulation in classical mechanics. Tenth grade students’ manipulations of the simulation, spoken comments, and behavior were screen and video‐recorded and subsequently transcribed and coded. In addition, a stimulated recall interview was undertaken to access students’ thinking and reflections on their practice, in order to understand their practice and make inferences about their process of epistemic cognition. The paper reports on the detailed analysis of the data sets for three students of widely different SEB and performance levels. Comparing the SEB, problem solutions and epistemic practices of the three students has enabled us to examine the interplay between SEB, problem‐solving strategies (PS), conceptual understanding (CU), and metacognitive reflection (MCR), to see how these operate together to facilitate problem solutions. From the analysis, we can better understand how different students’ epistemic cognition is adaptive to the context. The findings have implications for teaching science and further research into epistemic cognition.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2019
Keywords
epistemic beliefs, physics simulation, problem solving
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-147666 (URN)10.1002/tea.21606 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-05-14 Created: 2018-05-14 Last updated: 2019-11-19
Gregorcic, B. & Bodin, M. (2017). Algodoo: A Tool for Encouraging Creativity in Physics Teaching and Learning. Physics Teacher, 55(1), 25-28
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Algodoo: A Tool for Encouraging Creativity in Physics Teaching and Learning
2017 (English)In: Physics Teacher, ISSN 0031-921X, E-ISSN 1943-4928, Vol. 55, no 1, p. 25-28Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Algodoo (http://www.algodoo.com) is a digital sandbox for physics 2D simulations. It allows students and teachers to easily create simulated “scenes” and explore physics through a user-friendly and visually attractive interface. In this paper, we present different ways in which students and teachers can use Algodoo to visualize and solve physics problems, investigate phenomena and processes, and engage in out-of-school activities and projects. Algodoo, with its approachable interface, inhabits a middle ground between computer games and “serious” computer modeling. It is suitable as an entry-level modeling tool for students of all ages and can facilitate discussions about the role of computer modeling in physics.

National Category
Didactics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-132041 (URN)10.1119/1.4972493 (DOI)000391988900008 ()
Available from: 2017-03-28 Created: 2017-03-28 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Bodin, M. (2017). Neutronia- Motivating Girls to Science Career Choices through Real-Science Experiences. In: : . Paper presented at 12th Conference of the European Science Education Research Association (ESERA).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Neutronia- Motivating Girls to Science Career Choices through Real-Science Experiences
2017 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In order to make careers in science visible to girls, 24 girls from an uppendary school science program were chosen through a contest, to participate in a trip to Grenoble, France, and visit the research facilities ESRF (European Synchrotron Research Facility) and ILL (Institut Laue-Langvin:Neutrons for Science). The girls were presented a program, which included talking to researchers, doing experiments, presenting results and experiencing the environment where science is performed. In addition, 11 teachers participated in a similar trip in order to gain knowledge and experience to contribute to development of classroom material where science is brough into the classroom. Results show that attitudes towards science as a career choice was more positive after the trip than before. The teachers' trip resulted in several ideas that are still to be developed through a research-based design circle involving teachers, reserarchers and eventually students, in classroom activities making use of science and scientific results.

National Category
Pedagogical Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-142200 (URN)
Conference
12th Conference of the European Science Education Research Association (ESERA)
Projects
Neutronia
Available from: 2017-11-24 Created: 2017-11-24 Last updated: 2018-06-09
Lindfors, M., Bodin, M. & Simon, S. (2017). Unpacking students’ epistemic cognition in a problem solving environment. In: : . Paper presented at Nordic Research Symposium on Science Education (NFSUN) 2017, Trondheim, Norway,June 7-9, 2017 (pp. 93-96).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Unpacking students’ epistemic cognition in a problem solving environment
2017 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

It is a widely held view that students’ epistemic beliefs influence the way they learn and think in any given context. However, in the science learning context, the relation between the sophistication of epistemic beliefs and success in scientific practice is sometimes ambiguous. Taking this inconsistency as a point of departure, we examined the relationships between students’ scientific epistemic beliefs (SEB), their epistemic practices, and hence their epistemic cognition in a computer simulation in classical mechanics. The 19 tenth grade students’ manipulations of the simulation, spoken comments, behavior, and embodied communication were screen and video-recorded and subsequently described and coded by an inductive approach. The screen and video recordings were triangulated with a stimulated recall interview to access a broader understanding of the dynamic processes of epistemic cognition. Our findings focusing on three different students reveal a dynamic pattern of interactions between SEB and knowledge, i.e., epistemic cognition, showing how epistemic cognition can be understood in a specific problem solving context due to the actions the student express.

National Category
Pedagogical Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-139576 (URN)
Conference
Nordic Research Symposium on Science Education (NFSUN) 2017, Trondheim, Norway,June 7-9, 2017
Available from: 2017-09-19 Created: 2017-09-19 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Lindfors, M., Bodin, M. & Simon, S. (2017). Unpacking students’ epistemic cognition in a problem-solving environment. In: : . Paper presented at ESERA 2017 Conference, Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland 21st - 25th August 2017.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Unpacking students’ epistemic cognition in a problem-solving environment
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

It is a widely held view that students’ epistemic beliefs influence the way they learn and think in any given context. However, in the science learning context, the relation between the sophistication of epistemic beliefs and success in scientific practice is sometimes ambiguous. Taking this inconsistency as a point of departure, we examined the relationships between students’ scientific epistemic beliefs (SEB), their epistemic practices, and hence their epistemic cognition in a computer simulation in classical mechanics. The 19 tenth grade students’ manipulations of the simulation, spoken comments, behavior, and embodied communication were screen and video-recorded and subsequently described and coded by an inductive approach. The screen and video recordings were triangulated with a stimulated recall interview to access a broader understanding of the dynamic processes of epistemic cognition. Our findings focusing on three different students reveal a dynamic pattern of interactions between SEB and knowledge, i.e., epistemic cognition, showing how epistemic cognition can be understood in a specific problem solving context due to the actions the student express.

National Category
Pedagogical Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-139578 (URN)
Conference
ESERA 2017 Conference, Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland 21st - 25th August 2017
Available from: 2017-09-19 Created: 2017-09-19 Last updated: 2018-06-09
Lindfors, M., Winberg, M. & Bodin, M. (2016). The role of scientific epistemic beliefs in computer-simulated problem solving. In: : . Paper presented at 7th International Biennial Conference of EARLI SIG 16 Metacognition. August 23-26, 2016.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The role of scientific epistemic beliefs in computer-simulated problem solving
2016 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Research has shown that students’ epistemic beliefs influence the way they learn, think and reason in any given context (Schommer-Aikins, 2004). However, in the science learning context, the relationship between the level of epistemic sophistication, learning, and learning outcomes is sometimes ambiguous (Elby & Hammer, 2001). Taking this result as a point of departure, we examined the relationships between students’ scientific epistemic beliefs (SEB), their approaches to a computer simulated task, and the quality of their solutions. 19 tenth grade students, with different SEB, were selected to participate in a constructionist computer-simulation in classical mechanics. Constructionist learning environments emphasize the scope for students’ to take control of their own learning, draw their own conclusions, and use their own knowledge in order to construct objects (Harel & Papert, 1991). Students’ manipulations of the simulation and any spoken comments were video-recorded and subsequently coded by an inductive approach. Relationships between students’ SEB and problem solving quality were explored by hierarchical orthogonal partial least squares analysis. The results revealed that different sets of SEB were conducive to different aspects of students’ problem solving process and outcomes.  Theoretically sophisticated beliefs were in general associated with logical strategies and high solution complexity. However, our results suggest that there might not be a universal relationship between the degree of theoretical sophistication of students’ SEB and quality of learning outcomes. The relationship can only be understood in terms of the actions they induce, and the results of these actions. It is therefore of great importance to further explore the productiveness of SEB in different types of learning situations.

National Category
Pedagogical Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-139575 (URN)
Conference
7th International Biennial Conference of EARLI SIG 16 Metacognition. August 23-26, 2016
Projects
DOLIS
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 721-2013-2180
Available from: 2017-09-19 Created: 2017-09-19 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Bodin, M. (2013). Att skapa egna virtuella modeller i fysik och teknik. In: Fredrik Jeppson, Fredrik Haglund (Ed.), Modeller, analogier och metaforer i naturvetenskapsundervisning: (pp. 169-184). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att skapa egna virtuella modeller i fysik och teknik
2013 (Swedish)In: Modeller, analogier och metaforer i naturvetenskapsundervisning / [ed] Fredrik Jeppson, Fredrik Haglund, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2013, p. 169-184Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2013
National Category
Didactics
Research subject
didactics of physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-141948 (URN)978-91-44-09000-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-11-16 Created: 2017-11-16 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Bodin, M. (2012). Computational problem solving in university physics education: Students’ beliefs, knowledge, and motivation. (Doctoral dissertation). Umeå: Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Computational problem solving in university physics education: Students’ beliefs, knowledge, and motivation
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Solving physics problem in university physics education with a computational approach requires knowledge and skills in several domains, for example, physics, mathematics, programming, and modelling. These competences are in turn related to students' beliefs about these domains as well as about learning, and their motivation to learn. The purpose of this thesis was to investigate the role of university physics students' knowledge, beliefs and motivation when solving and visualizing a physics problem using a computational approach. The results showed that expert-like beliefs about physics and learning physics together with prior knowledge were important predictors of the quality of performance. Feelings corresponding to control and concentration, i.e., emotions that are expected to be good indicators of students' motivation were also good predictors of performance. However, intrinsic motivation, as indicated by enjoyment and interest, together with beliefs expressing students' personal interest and utility value, did not predict performance to any higher extent. Instead, my results indicate that integration and identification of expert-like beliefs about learning and concentration and control emotions during learning are more influential on the quality of performance. Thus, the results suggest that the development of students' epistemological beliefs is important for students' ability to learn from realistic problem-solving situations with many degrees of freedom in physics education. In order to investigate knowledge and beliefs structures network modeling has been applied as a novel tool for analysis. Students' epistemic frames are analyzed before and after the task in computational physics using a network analysis approach on interview transcripts, producing visual representations of mental models. The results show that students change their epistemic framing from a modelling task, with expectancies about learning programming, to a physics task, in which they are challenged to use physics principles and conservation laws in order to troubleshoot and understand their simulations. This implies that the task, even though it is not introducing any new physics, helped the students to develop a more consistent view of the importance of using physics principles in problem solving. When comparing students' framing with teachers,' it is shown that although teachers and students agree on the main features of simulation competence in physics, differences in their epistemic networks can be distinguished. For example, while teachers believe that numerical problem solving facilitates fundamental understanding of physics and mathematics, this is not obvious to students. This implies that university teachers need to be aware of these differences as well as students' beliefs in order to challenge students' expectations and to give support concerning the learning objectives of the assignment. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2012. p. 60
Series
Studies in Science and Technology Education, ISSN 1652-5051 ; 54
Keywords
physics education, computational physics, simulation, beliefs, motivation, mental models, network analysis
National Category
Didactics
Research subject
didactics of physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-53317 (URN)978-91-7459-398-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2012-04-16, KBC-huset, KB3A9, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2012-03-26 Created: 2012-03-20 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Bodin, M. (2012). Mapping students' epistemic framing of computational physics using network analysis. Physical Review Special Topics : Physics Education Research, 8(1), 010115
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mapping students' epistemic framing of computational physics using network analysis
2012 (English)In: Physical Review Special Topics : Physics Education Research, ISSN 1554-9178, E-ISSN 1554-9178, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 010115-Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [fa]

Solving physics problem in university physics education using a computational approach requires knowledge and skills in several domains, for example, physics, mathematics, programming, and modelling. These competences are in turn related to students’ beliefs about the domains as well as about learning. These knowledge and beliefs components are here referred to as epistemic elements, who together represent the students’ epistemic framing of the situation. The purpose of this study was to investigate university physics students’ epistemic framing when solving and visualizing a physics problem using a particle-spring model system. Students’ epistemic framings are analyzed before and after the task using a network analysis approach on interview transcripts, producing visual representations as epistemic networks. The results show that students change their epistemic framing from a modelling task, with expectancies about learning programming, to a physics task, in which they are challenged to use physics principles and conservation laws in order to troubleshoot and understand their simulations. This implies that the task, even though it is not introducing any new physics, help the students to develop a more coherent view of the importance of using physics principles in problem solving. The network analysis method used in this study is shown to give intelligible representations of the students’ epistemic framing and is proposed as a useful method of analysis of textual data.

Keywords
physics education, computational physics, epistemic framing, simulation, network analysis, beliefs
National Category
Didactics
Research subject
didactics of physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-53233 (URN)10.1103/PhysRevSTPER.8.010115 (DOI)000302640900001 ()
Available from: 2012-03-20 Created: 2012-03-19 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
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