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Huang, Shenghua
Publications (10 of 12) Show all publications
Addario, B., Huang, S., Sauer, U. & Backman, L. (2011). Crystallization and preliminary X-ray analysis of the Entamoeba histolytica α-actinin-2 rod domain. Acta Crystallographica. Section F: Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications, 67(10), 1214-1217
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Crystallization and preliminary X-ray analysis of the Entamoeba histolytica α-actinin-2 rod domain
2011 (English)In: Acta Crystallographica. Section F: Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications, ISSN 1744-3091, E-ISSN 1744-3091, Vol. 67, no 10, p. 1214-1217Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

-Actinins form antiparallel homodimers that are able to cross-link actin filaments. The protein contains three domains: an N-terminal actin-binding domain followed by a central rod domain and a calmodulin-like EF-hand domain at the C-terminus. Here, crystallization of the rod domain of Entamoeba histolytica -actinin-2 is reported; it crystallized in space group P212121, with unit-cell parameters a = 47.8, b = 79.1, c = 141.8 Å. A Matthews coefficient VM of 2.6 Å3 Da-1 suggests that there are two molecules and 52.5% solvent content in the asymmetric unit. A complete native data set extending to a d-spacing of 2.8 Å was collected on beamline I911-2 at MAX-lab, Sweden.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Union of Crystallography, 2011
Keywords
actinin, Entamoeba histolytica, actin-binding proteins
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-44073 (URN)10.1107/S1744309111026066 (DOI)
Available from: 2011-05-18 Created: 2011-05-18 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Hainzl, T., Huang, S., Meriläinen, G., Brännström, K. & Sauer-Eriksson, A. E. (2011). Structural basis of signal-sequence recognition by the signal recognition particle . Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, 18(3), 389-391
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Structural basis of signal-sequence recognition by the signal recognition particle 
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2011 (English)In: Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, ISSN 1545-9993, E-ISSN 1545-9985, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 389-391Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The signal recognition particle (SRP) recognizes and binds the signal sequence of nascent proteins as they emerge from the ribosome. We present here the 3.0-Å structure of a signal sequence bound to the Methanococcus jannaschii SRP core. Structural comparison with the free SRP core shows that signal-sequence binding induces formation of the GM-linker helix and a 180° flip of the NG domain—structural changes that ensure a hierarchical succession of events during protein targeting.

Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-40342 (URN)10.1038/nsmb.1994 (DOI)
Note
Published online 20 February 2011Available from: 2011-02-22 Created: 2011-02-22 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
diva2:468763
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Structural studies of β-Carbonic Anhydrase from the Green Alga Coccomyxa: Inhibitor complexes with Anions and Acetazolamide
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2011 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 6, no 12, p. e28458-Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The β-class carbonic anhydrases (β-CAs) are widely distributed among lower eukaryotes, prokaryotes, archaea, and plants. Like all CAs, the β-enzymes catalyze an important physiological reaction, namely the interconversion between carbon dioxide and bicarbonate. In plants the enzyme plays an important role in carbon fixation and metabolism. To further explore the structure-function relationship of β-CA, we have determined the crystal structures of the photoautotroph unicellular green alga Coccomyxa β-CA in complex with five different inhibitors: acetazolamide, thiocyanate, azide, iodide, and phosphate ions. The tetrameric Coccomyxa β-CA structure is similar to other β-CAs but it has a 15 amino acid extension in the C-terminal end, which stabilizes the tetramer by strengthening the interface. Four of the five inhibitors bind in a manner similar to what is found in complexes with α-type CAs. Iodide ions, however, make contact to the zinc ion via a zinc-bound water molecule or hydroxide ion - a type of binding mode not previously observed in any CA. Binding of inhibitors to Coccomyxa β-CA is mediated by side-chain movements of the conserved residue Tyr-88, extending the width of the active site cavity with 1.5-1.8 Å. Structural analysis and comparisons with other α- and β-class members suggest a catalytic mechanism in which the movements of Tyr-88 are important for the CO(2)-HCO(3) (-) interconversion, whereas a structurally conserved water molecule that bridges residues Tyr-88 and Gln-38, seems important for proton transfer, linking water molecules from the zinc-bound water to His-92 and buffer molecules.

National Category
Structural Biology Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Research subject
Biochemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-50781 (URN)10.1371/journal.pone.0028458 (DOI)000298172800038 ()22162771 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2011-12-21 Created: 2011-12-21 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Wikström Hultdin, U., Lindberg, S., Grundström, C., Allgardsson, A., Huang, S., Stier, G., . . . Sauer-Eriksson, E. (2010). Purification, crystallization and preliminary data analysis of FocB, a transcription factor regulating fimbrial adhesin expression in uropathogenic Escherichia coli. Acta Crystallographica. Section F: Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications, 66(Pt 3), 337-341
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Purification, crystallization and preliminary data analysis of FocB, a transcription factor regulating fimbrial adhesin expression in uropathogenic Escherichia coli
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2010 (English)In: Acta Crystallographica. Section F: Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications, ISSN 1744-3091, E-ISSN 1744-3091, Vol. 66, no Pt 3, p. 337-341Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The transcription factor FocB belongs to a family of regulators encoded by several different fimbriae gene clusters in uropathogenic Escherichia coli. Recent findings suggest that FocB-family proteins may form different protein-protein complexes and that they may exert both positive and negative effects on the transcription of fimbriae genes. However, little is known about the actual role and mode of action when these proteins interact with the fimbriae operons. The 109-amino-acid FocB transcription factor from the foc gene cluster in E. coli strain J96 has been cloned, expressed and purified. The His6-tagged fusion protein was captured by Ni2+-affinity chromatography, cleaved with tobacco etch virus protease and purified by gel filtration. The purified protein is oligomeric, most likely in the form of dimers. NMR analysis guided the crystallization attempts by showing that probable conformational exchange or oligomerization is reduced at temperatures above 293 K and that removal of the highly flexible His6 tag is advantageous. The protein was crystallized using the hanging-drop vapour-diffusion method at 295 K. A native data set to 2.0 Å resolution was collected at 100 K using synchrotron radiation.

Keywords
fimbriae, FocB, transcription factors
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Research subject
Biochemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-27753 (URN)10.1107/S1744309110002204 (DOI)000275057700031 ()20208176 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2009-11-19 Created: 2009-11-19 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Wikström Hultdin, U., Lindberg, S., Grundström, C., Huang, S., Uhlin, B. E. & Sauer-Eriksson, E. (2010). Structure of FocB: a member of a family of transcription factors regulating fimbrial adhesin expression in uropathogenic Escherichia coli. The FEBS Journal, 277(16), 3368-3381
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Structure of FocB: a member of a family of transcription factors regulating fimbrial adhesin expression in uropathogenic Escherichia coli
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2010 (English)In: The FEBS Journal, ISSN 1742-464X, E-ISSN 1742-4658, Vol. 277, no 16, p. 3368-3381Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In uropathogenic Escherichia coli, UPEC, different types of fimbriae are expressed in order to mediate interactions with host tissue. FocB belongs to the PapB family of transcription factors involved in the regulation of fimbriae gene clusters. Recent findings suggest that members from this family of proteins may form different protein-protein complexes and that they may exert both positive and negative effects on transcription of fimbriae genes. To elucidate the detailed function of FocB, we have determined its crystal structure at 1.4 Å resolution. FocB is an all alpha helical structure with a helix-turn-helix (HTH) motif. Interestingly, conserved residues important for DNA-binding are not located in the recognition helix of the HTH-motif, but in the preceding helix. Results from protein-DNA binding studies indicated that FocB interacts with minor groove of its cognate DNA, which also points to a DNA-interaction unusual for this motif. Packing interactions in the crystals gave two plausible dimerization interfaces. Conserved residues known to be important for protein oligomerization are present at both interfaces, suggesting that both sites play a role in a functional FocB protein.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley, 2010
Keywords
fimbriae, FocB, repressor protein, uropathogenic Escherichia coli, X-ray crystallography
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Research subject
Biochemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-27755 (URN)10.1111/j.1742-4658.2010.07742.x (DOI)000280631300010 ()
Available from: 2009-11-19 Created: 2009-11-19 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Hainzl, T., Huang, S. & Sauer-Eriksson, E. (2007). Interaction of signal-recognition particle 54 GTPase domain and signal-recognition particle RNA in the free signal-recognition particle.. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 104(38), 14911-6
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Interaction of signal-recognition particle 54 GTPase domain and signal-recognition particle RNA in the free signal-recognition particle.
2007 (English)In: Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, ISSN 0027-8424, Vol. 104, no 38, p. 14911-6Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The signal-recognition particle (SRP) is a ubiquitous protein-RNA complex that targets proteins to cellular membranes for insertion or secretion. A key player in SRP-mediated protein targeting is the evolutionarily conserved core consisting of the SRP RNA and the multidomain protein SRP54. Communication between the SRP54 domains is critical for SRP function, where signal sequence binding at the M domain directs receptor binding at the GTPase domain (NG domain). These SRP activities are linked to domain rearrangements, for which the role of SRP RNA is not clear. In free SRP, a direct interaction of the GTPase domain with SRP RNA has been proposed but has never been structurally verified. In this study, we present the crystal structure at 2.5-A resolution of the SRP54-SRP19-SRP RNA complex of Methanococcus jannaschii SRP. The structure reveals an RNA-bound conformation of the SRP54 GTPase domain, in which the domain is spatially well separated from the signal peptide binding site. The association of both the N and G domains with SRP RNA in free SRP provides further structural evidence for the pivotal role of SRP RNA in the regulation of the SRP54 activity.

Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-16829 (URN)17846429 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2007-10-12 Created: 2007-10-12 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Hainzl, T., Huang, S. & Sauer-Eriksson, E. (2005). Structural insights into SRP RNA: an induced fit mechanism for SRP assembly.. RNA, 11(7), 1043-50
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Structural insights into SRP RNA: an induced fit mechanism for SRP assembly.
2005 (English)In: RNA, ISSN 1355-8382, Vol. 11, no 7, p. 1043-50Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Proper assembly of large protein-RNA complexes requires sequential binding of the proteins to the RNA. The signal recognition particle (SRP) is a multiprotein-RNA complex responsible for the cotranslational targeting of proteins to biological membranes. Here we describe the crystal structure at 2.6-A resolution of the S-domain of SRP RNA from the archeon Methanococcus jannaschii. Comparison of this structure with the SRP19-bound form reveals the nature of the SRP19-induced conformational changes, which promote subsequent SRP54 attachment. These structural changes are initiated at the SRP19 binding site and transmitted through helix 6 to looped-out adenosines, which form tertiary RNA interaction with helix 8. Displacement of these adenosines enforces a conformational change of the asymmetric loop structure in helix 8. In free RNA, the three unpaired bases A195, C196, and C197 are directed toward the helical axis, whereas upon SRP19 binding the loop backbone inverts and the bases are splayed out in a conformation that resembles the SRP54-bound form. Nucleotides adjacent to the bulged nucleotides seem to be particularly important in the regulation of this loop transition. Binding of SRP19 to 7S RNA reveals an elegant mechanism of how protein-induced changes are directed through an RNA molecule and may relate to those regulating the assembly of other RNPs.

Keywords
Adenosine/chemistry, Base Sequence, Binding Sites, Chromatography; Gel, Crystallography; X-Ray, Cytosine/chemistry, Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assay, Lactococcus lactis/genetics, Methanococcus/*chemistry/genetics, Models; Biological, Models; Molecular, Molecular Sequence Data, Nucleic Acid Conformation, Protein Binding, Protein Structure; Secondary, Protein Structure; Tertiary, RNA; Archaeal/*chemistry/genetics/*metabolism, Signal Recognition Particle/*chemistry/*metabolism
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-13611 (URN)15928341 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2007-10-12 Created: 2007-10-12 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Eneqvist, T., Lundberg, E., Karlsson, A., Huang, S., Santos, C. R., Power, D. M. & Sauer-Eriksson, E. (2004). High resolution crystal structures of piscine transthyretin reveal different binding modes for triiodothyronine and thyroxine.. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 279(25), 26411-6
Open this publication in new window or tab >>High resolution crystal structures of piscine transthyretin reveal different binding modes for triiodothyronine and thyroxine.
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2004 (English)In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, ISSN 0021-9258, E-ISSN 1083-351X, Vol. 279, no 25, p. 26411-6Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Transthyretin (TTR) is an extracellular transport protein involved in the distribution of thyroid hormones and vitamin A. So far, TTR has only been found in vertebrates, of which piscine TTR displays the lowest sequence identity with human TTR (47%). Human and piscine TTR bind both thyroid hormones 3,5,3'-triiodo-l-thyronine (T(3)) and 3,5,3',5'-tetraiodo-l-thyronine (thyroxine, T(4)). Human TTR has higher affinity for T(4) than T(3), whereas the reverse holds for piscine TTR. X-ray structures of Sparus aurata (sea bream) TTR have been determined as the apo-protein at 1.75 A resolution and bound to ligands T(3) and T(4), both at 1.9 A resolution. The apo structure is similar to human TTR with structural changes only at beta-strand D. This strand forms an extended loop conformation similar to the one in chicken TTR. The piscine TTR.T(4) complex shows the T(4)-binding site to be similar but not identical to human TTR, whereas the TTR.T(3) complex shows the I3' halogen situated at the site normally occupied by the hydroxyl group of T(4). The significantly wider entrance of the hormone-binding channel in sea bream TTR, in combination with its narrower cavity, provides a structural explanation for the different binding affinities of human and piscine TTR to T(3) and T(4).

Keywords
Animals, Chickens, Cloning; Molecular, Crystallography; X-Ray, Escherichia coli/metabolism, Humans, Ligands, Models; Molecular, Prealbumin/*chemistry/metabolism, Protein Binding, Protein Conformation, Protein Structure; Tertiary, Sea Bream, Thyroxine/*chemistry, Triiodothyronine/*chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-13622 (URN)10.1074/jbc.M313553200 (DOI)15082720 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2007-10-12 Created: 2007-10-12 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Huang, S., Sjöblom, B., Sauer-Eriksson, E. & Jonsson, B.-H. (2002). Organization of an efficient carbonic anhydrase: implications for the mechanism based on structure-function studies of a T199P/C206S mutant.. Biochemistry, 41(24), 7628-35
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Organization of an efficient carbonic anhydrase: implications for the mechanism based on structure-function studies of a T199P/C206S mutant.
2002 (English)In: Biochemistry, ISSN 0006-2960, Vol. 41, no 24, p. 7628-35Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Substitution of Pro for Thr199 in the active site of human carbonic anhydrase II (HCA II)(1) reduces its catalytic efficiency about 3000-fold. X-ray crystallographic structures of the T199P/C206S variant have been determined in complex with the substrate bicarbonate and with the inhibitors thiocyanate and beta-mercaptoethanol. The latter molecule is normally not an inhibitor of wild-type HCA II. All three ligands display novel binding interactions to the T199P/C206S mutant. The beta-mercaptoethanol molecule binds in the active site area with its sulfur atom tetrahedrally coordinated to the zinc ion. Thiocyanate binds tetrahedrally coordinated to the zinc ion in T199P/C206S, in contrast to its pentacoordinated binding to the zinc ion in wild-type HCA II. Bicarbonate binds to the mutant with two of its oxygens at the positions of the zinc water (Wat263) and Wat318 in wild-type HCA II. The environment of this area is more hydrophilic than the normal bicarbonate-binding site of HCA II situated in the hydrophobic part of the cavity normally occupied by the so-called deep water (Wat338). The observation of a new binding site for bicarbonate has implications for understanding the mechanism by which the main-chain amino group of Thr199 acquired an important role for orientation of the substrate during the evolution of the enzyme.

Keywords
Amino Acid Substitution/*genetics, Bicarbonates/chemistry/metabolism, Binding Sites, Carbon Dioxide/chemistry/metabolism, Carbonic Anhydrases/*chemistry/*genetics/metabolism, Catalysis, Crystallography; X-Ray, Cysteine/genetics, Humans, Mercaptoethanol/chemistry, Mutagenesis; Site-Directed, Proline/genetics, Recombinant Proteins/chemistry/metabolism, Serine/genetics, Structure-Activity Relationship, Substrate Specificity/genetics, Thiocyanates/chemistry/metabolism, Threonine/genetics, Water/chemistry/metabolism
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-13957 (URN)12056894 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2007-10-12 Created: 2007-10-12 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Hainzl, T., Huang, S. & Sauer-Eriksson, E. (2002). Structure of the SRP19 RNA complex and implications for signal recognition particle assembly.. Nature, 417(6890), 767-71
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Structure of the SRP19 RNA complex and implications for signal recognition particle assembly.
2002 (English)In: Nature, ISSN 0028-0836, Vol. 417, no 6890, p. 767-71Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The signal recognition particle (SRP) is a phylogenetically conserved ribonucleoprotein. It associates with ribosomes to mediate co-translational targeting of membrane and secretory proteins to biological membranes. In mammalian cells, the SRP consists of a 7S RNA and six protein components. The S domain of SRP comprises the 7S.S part of RNA bound to SRP19, SRP54 and the SRP68/72 heterodimer; SRP54 has the main role in recognizing signal sequences of nascent polypeptide chains and docking SRP to its receptor. During assembly of the SRP, binding of SRP19 precedes and promotes the association of SRP54 (refs 4, 5). Here we report the crystal structure at 2.3 A resolution of the complex formed between 7S.S RNA and SRP19 in the archaeon Methanococcus jannaschii. SRP19 bridges the tips of helices 6 and 8 of 7S.S RNA by forming an extensive network of direct protein RNA interactions. Helices 6 and 8 pack side by side; tertiary RNA interactions, which also involve the strictly conserved tetraloop bases, stabilize helix 8 in a conformation competent for SRP54 binding. The structure explains the role of SRP19 and provides a molecular framework for SRP54 binding and SRP assembly in Eukarya and Archaea.

Keywords
Amino Acid Sequence, Archaeal Proteins/chemistry/metabolism, Base Sequence, Binding Sites, Crystallography; X-Ray, Eukaryotic Cells/chemistry/metabolism, Humans, Methanococcus/chemistry/genetics, Models; Molecular, Molecular Sequence Data, Nucleic Acid Conformation, Protein Conformation, RNA; Archaeal/*chemistry/genetics/*metabolism, Signal Recognition Particle/*chemistry/genetics/*metabolism
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-13958 (URN)12050674 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2007-10-12 Created: 2007-10-12 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
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