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Publications (10 of 15) Show all publications
Brännström, M. (2024). The implementation of Sámi land rights in the Swedish forestry act. In: Dorothée Cambou; Øyvind Ravna (Ed.), The significance of Sámi rights: law, justice, and sustainability for the indigenous sámi in the nordic countries (pp. 101-115). Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The implementation of Sámi land rights in the Swedish forestry act
2024 (English)In: The significance of Sámi rights: law, justice, and sustainability for the indigenous sámi in the nordic countries / [ed] Dorothée Cambou; Øyvind Ravna, Routledge, 2024, p. 101-115Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In northern Sweden, large forest areas are used both for timber production and Sámi reindeer herding, and intense forest management practices have had predominantly negative effects on reindeer herding. Through case law, it is elucidated that Sámi land rights are private property rights based on the longtime use of land. At the same time, landowners own the forest areas. Hence, there exists parallel property rights on the same land. This chapter analyses the recognition and protection of Sámi land rights in the Forestry Act, which regulates the landowners’ forest management. The analysis is based on legal mechanisms that are usually used when property rights relations are regulated within Real Estate Law. This type of legal mechanisms is missing in the Forestry Act, and the legislation does not provide an adequate protection of the land rights of the Sámi. Instead, reindeer herding is regarded as a public interest that is balanced in relation to the public interest of timber production. To achieve a just and sustainable development in line with the rights of Indigenous peoples, there is an urgent need for a legislative reform, and the chapter proposes amendments to provide better protection to the land rights of the Sámi.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2024
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society) Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-219089 (URN)10.4324/9781003220640-8 (DOI)2-s2.0-85180824143 (Scopus ID)978-1-003-22064-0 (ISBN)9781032115986 (ISBN)
Available from: 2024-01-11 Created: 2024-01-11 Last updated: 2024-01-11Bibliographically approved
Avango, D., Lépy, É., Brännström, M., Heikkinen, H., Komu, T., Pashkevich, A. & Österlin, C. (2022). Heritage for the future: narrating abandoned mining sites. In: Sverker Sörlin (Ed.), Resource extraction and arctic communities: the new extractivist paradigm (pp. 206-228). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Heritage for the future: narrating abandoned mining sites
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2022 (English)In: Resource extraction and arctic communities: the new extractivist paradigm / [ed] Sverker Sörlin, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2022, p. 206-228Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter compares the post-extraction dynamics of two mining regions in the Fennoscandinavian Arctic: the Pite valley, Sweden, and Kolari, Finland. In 1946 the Swedish mining company Boliden closed a mine in Laver, which became a ghost town. Decades later, state authorities tried to turn Laver into a cultural heritage site. Boliden joined the effort to support its plan to re-start mining at Laver, a project that has, however, become highly controversial. The Finnish case deals with a similar controversy. Hannukainen mining company wants to re-open an iron ore mine that was in operation 1975-1990. As part of their strategy to gain acceptance for re-opening, the company and supporters of the project have mobilized the history of the mining sites and argues mining is a core element of the heritage of the Kolar municipality. Both cases have generated tension regarding the type of history and heritage of these regions: those of reindeer herding by Sámi and other local communities, or that of extractive industries? The cases show that heritage making can be useful, but it can also be a source of conflict, further underscoring the importance of the long-term view of extraction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2022
Keywords
conflicts, cultural and industrial heritage, Hannukainen, Heritage making, Laver, narratives, resistance
National Category
History Social and Economic Geography
Research subject
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-205262 (URN)10.1017/9781009110044.016 (DOI)9781009110044 (ISBN)
Funder
Academy of Finland, 318930
Available from: 2023-02-28 Created: 2023-02-28 Last updated: 2023-02-28Bibliographically approved
Brännström, M. (2022). Samernas urfolksstatus - en utmaning för demokratin. In: Kommittén Demokratin 100 år (Ed.), Demokratin och friheten: Del 4 av 4 ur antologin 100 år till (pp. 46-64). Stockholm: Kommittén Demokratin 100 år
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Samernas urfolksstatus - en utmaning för demokratin
2022 (Swedish)In: Demokratin och friheten: Del 4 av 4 ur antologin 100 år till / [ed] Kommittén Demokratin 100 år, Stockholm: Kommittén Demokratin 100 år , 2022, p. 46-64Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Kommittén Demokratin 100 år, 2022
Keywords
samer, urfolk, demokrati, regeringsformen
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Research subject
Law
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-193148 (URN)
Available from: 2022-03-25 Created: 2022-03-25 Last updated: 2022-03-28Bibliographically approved
Allard, C. & Brännström, M. (2021). Girjas reindeer herding community v. Sweden: Analysing the merits of the girjas case. Arctic Review on Law and Politics, 12, 56-79
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Girjas reindeer herding community v. Sweden: Analysing the merits of the girjas case
2021 (English)In: Arctic Review on Law and Politics, ISSN 1891-6252, E-ISSN 2387-4562, Vol. 12, p. 56-79Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

For the first time in the Swedish Supreme Court, a small Sami reindeer herding community has won an important victory affirming the community’s small game hunting and fishing rights. Because of protracted use and the concept of immemorial prescription, the Court recognised the community’s exclusive hunting and fishing rights, including the right to lease these rights to others. Such leases have long been prohibited by legislation and the State has retained its powers to administer such leases. This case signifies a considerable development in the area of Sami law. In its decision, the Supreme Court made some adjustments to the age-old doctrine of immemorial prescription, and provided insights into how historic evidence should be evaluated when the claimant is an Indigenous people. A common motivator for these adjustments is an enhanced awareness of international standards protecting Indigenous peoples and minorities. Even ILO Convention No. 169 – the only legally binding convention concerning Indigenous rights, but which Sweden has not yet ratified – is relevant when it comes to evaluating Sami customary uses. The Court addressed the problem of gaps in the historical material and used evidence from other parts of Swedish Lapland and adjacent time-periods, making reasonable assumptions to fill in these gaps. The Court imposes on the State the burden of proof regarding the extinguishment of already established Sami rights, as well as proof that extinguishment by legislation or expropriation, is “clear and definitive”. These conditions were not met in this case.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oslo: Nordic Open Scholarly Publishing (NOASP) / Cappelen Damm Akademisk, 2021
Keywords
Fishing, Hunting, Immemorial prescription, Indigenous custom, Indigenous customary law, Indigenous peoples, Indigenous rights, Sami land rights, Supreme Court
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-182032 (URN)10.23865/arctic.v12.2678 (DOI)2-s2.0-85102963363 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2021-04-22 Created: 2021-04-22 Last updated: 2021-08-11Bibliographically approved
Brännström, M. (2021). The Girjas Case - court proceedings as a strategy to enforce Sámi land rights (1ed.). In: Timo Koivurova, Else Grete Broderstad, Dorothée Cambou, Dalee Dorough, Florian Stammler (Ed.), Routledge Handbook of Indigenous Peoples in the Arctic: (pp. 174-186). London and New York: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Girjas Case - court proceedings as a strategy to enforce Sámi land rights
2021 (English)In: Routledge Handbook of Indigenous Peoples in the Arctic / [ed] Timo Koivurova, Else Grete Broderstad, Dorothée Cambou, Dalee Dorough, Florian Stammler, London and New York: Routledge, 2021, 1, p. 174-186Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Even though Swedish case law clarifies that Sámi land rights are private property rights, the implications for the legal system still remain unclear and debated. Since the political system has failed to clarify Sámi property rights, Girjas sameby, as a representative of the reindeer-herding Sámi, have turned to the judicial system to have these rights enforced. After more than ten years of legal proceedings, at the end of 2019, the Swedish Supreme Court will hand down its decision in the so-called Girjas Case. The heart of the lawsuit is who holds the hunting and fishing rights within a specific high mountain area in the north-western part of Sweden and thus who decides on the granting of licenses to others. The case illustrates the ongoing dispute between the Indigenous Sámi people and the Swedish state over the meaning of property rights with respect to land within Sapmi, the homeland of the Sámi. This chapter describes the historical background of the lawsuit and briefly outlines the legal assessments of the District Court and the Court of Appeal. In addition, the chapter discusses why litigation is being used by the Sámi as a strategy to enforce Sámi land rights within the legal system and the challenges associated with presenting historical perspectives in a court setting.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London and New York: Routledge, 2021 Edition: 1
Keywords
Sámi land rights, Girjas case, hunting rights, fishing rights, court proceedings
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Research subject
Law
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-179869 (URN)10.4324/9780429270451-11 (DOI)978-0-367-22039-6 (ISBN)978-0-429-27045-1 (ISBN)
Funder
Wallenberg Foundations
Available from: 2021-02-11 Created: 2021-02-11 Last updated: 2021-05-05Bibliographically approved
Allard, C. & Brännström, M. (2020). Girjas sameby mot staten: En analys av Girjasdomen. Svensk Juristtidning (5), 429-452
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Girjas sameby mot staten: En analys av Girjasdomen
2020 (Swedish)In: Svensk Juristtidning, ISSN 0039-6591, no 5, p. 429-452Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

I januari 2020 avgjorde Högsta domstolen det s.k. Girjasmålet, där rätten att upplåta småviltsjakt och fiske i fjällområdena prövats. Stridigheter om huruvida det är staten eller samebyn som har rätt att göra sådana upplåtelser har pågått i decennier och har inte gått att lösa politiskt. I artikeln analyseras domen och vilka konsekvenser den får; domens längd och komplexitet motiverar en längre rättsfallsanalys. Det konstateras att domen klargör viktiga förhållanden såsom att samiska markrättigheter upparbetats genom urminnes hävd och att ILO:s konvention nr 169 om urfolks rättigheter i delar är bindande även om den inte har ratificerats. Domen innebär att en betydande rättsutveckling skett inom det samerättsliga området.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Föreningen för utgivande av Svensk Juristtidning, 2020
Keywords
samiska rättigheter, jakträtt, fiskerätt, Girjasdomen
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Law
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-173117 (URN)
Available from: 2020-06-29 Created: 2020-06-29 Last updated: 2020-09-17Bibliographically approved
Brännström, M. (2020). The enhanced role of archaeological and historical research in court proceedings about Saami land rights. Monographs of the Archaeological Society of Finland, 9, 177-188
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The enhanced role of archaeological and historical research in court proceedings about Saami land rights
2020 (English)In: Monographs of the Archaeological Society of Finland, ISSN 1799-862X, E-ISSN 1799-8611, Vol. 9, p. 177-188Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Within Swedish law, Saami land rights have been highly controversial since early in the 20th century. In case law, Saami land rights have been placed in the historical context, since it has been established that they are based on long-standing land use. This conclusion puts historical use of land at the very center of any judicial assessment. Herein, two lawsuits about Saami land rights, in which archeology has been used to validate pre-historic and historic land use are compared: the Härjedalen Case, initiated in 1991 and relating to winter grazing rights, and the Girjas Case about hunting and fishing rights. This article describes how archaeological and historical material has been interpreted within the lawsuits and analyzes the impact on the legal assessments. The comparison illustrates how it can be problematic to use archaeological arguments in court proceedings. Nevertheless, it is concluded that archaeology, as part of wider interdisciplinary research, may contribute with knowledge about past land use, thus allowing the understanding of Saami land rights to evolve. Furthermore, how researchers within archeologyand other disciplines could respond to the fact that the results of their work might be used outside academia and within the very different environment of judicial proceedings is discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Helsingfors: , 2020
Keywords
Girjas case, samli land rights, archaeology, history, court proceedings, Härjedalen case
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Research subject
Law
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-179870 (URN)
Funder
Wallenberg Foundations, SRF 2017.0025
Available from: 2021-02-11 Created: 2021-02-11 Last updated: 2021-04-07Bibliographically approved
Brännström, M. (2018). Court proceedings to evaluate the implementation of Sami land rights in Sweden. Retfærd. Nordisk Juridisk Tidsskrift (2), 32-45
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Court proceedings to evaluate the implementation of Sami land rights in Sweden
2018 (English)In: Retfærd. Nordisk Juridisk Tidsskrift, ISSN 0105-1121, no 2, p. 32-45Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In 1981 the Swedish Supreme Court stated that Sami land rights are based on the longtime use of land and that these rights are to be regarded as property protected by the Swedish constitution. It is thereby elucidated within the Swedish legal framework that Sami land rights are private property rights. This was also confirmed through an amendment in the Reindeer Herding Act in 1993. However, Sami land rights are primarily interpreted and protected through other land use statutes. It has been concluded that Sami land rights have not been implemented properly in the Forestry Act, which regulates forestry management. nstead, reindeer herding is primarily regarded as a public interest that needs to be considered when logging is planned and executed. In the balancing with timber production as another public interest, reindeer herding is considered as less important and must yield. Consequently, severe damages are accepted on the grazing lands without the consent of the Sami or financial compensation being payed. It has been concluded that the regulation does not comply with the constitutional protection of property. Several public inquiries have proposed changes in the Forestry Act to better reflect Sami land rights. However, no amendments have been enacted, due to strong opposing interests. This political failure to implement Sami land rights will most likely result in juridical proceedings where Sami argue that Sami land rights are not protected in compliance with constitutional requirements. The article discusses legal aspects that should be considered when courts evaluates the implementation of Sami land rights.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
DJØF Forlag, 2018
Keywords
Sami land rights, court proceedings, customary law, reindeer herding, Sami
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Research subject
Law
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-157185 (URN)
Available from: 2019-03-13 Created: 2019-03-13 Last updated: 2019-11-19Bibliographically approved
Brännström, M. (2018). Samiska markrättigheter i förändring?: Hovrättens dom i Girjas-målet väcker frågor om innebörden av rättigheter till fast egendom. Juridisk Publikation (1), 25-47
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Samiska markrättigheter i förändring?: Hovrättens dom i Girjas-målet väcker frågor om innebörden av rättigheter till fast egendom
2018 (Swedish)In: Juridisk Publikation, ISSN 2000-2920, no 1, p. 25-47Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

I januari 2018 meddelade Hovrätten för Övre Norrland dom i det så kallade Girjas-målet. Tvisten gäller frågan om Girjas sameby eller staten innehar jakt- och fiskerättigheterna inom samebyns marker ovan odlingsgränsen och vem som därmed har rätt att bestämma över de upplåtelser som görs till andra. Vid en första anblick tycks målet främst gälla förhållandena i Norrland och dess intressegrupper. Tvisten berör dock flera rättsliga frågeställningar som är av intresse även ur ett mer övergripande juridiskt perspektiv. I artikeln beskrivs den historiska bakgrunden till tvisten och domstolarnas bedömningar i målet. Därefter behandlas ett antal rättsliga frågeställningar om markrättigheters innebörd som aktualiseras genom hovrättens dom. Det konstateras att det är nödvändigt att ytterligare klargöra vissa rättsfrågor, vilket gör att förutsättningarna för prövningstillstånd hos Högsta domstolen bör vara goda.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Juridisk Publikation, 2018
Keywords
samiska markrättigheter, samerätt, renskötselrätt, äganderätt, jakträtt, fiskerätt, småviltjakt, markförvaltning, Girjas-målet, samepolitik
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Research subject
Law
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-147914 (URN)
Available from: 2018-05-22 Created: 2018-05-22 Last updated: 2018-08-20Bibliographically approved
Brännström, M. & Vannebäck, U. (2017). Egendomsskyddet och den speciella fastighetsrätten – rättsliga utmaningar. In: Örjan Edström, Johan Lindholm & Ruth Mannelqvist (Ed.), Jubileumsskrift till Juridiska institutionen 40 år: (pp. 71-77). Umeå: Juridiska institutionen, Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Egendomsskyddet och den speciella fastighetsrätten – rättsliga utmaningar
2017 (Swedish)In: Jubileumsskrift till Juridiska institutionen 40 år / [ed] Örjan Edström, Johan Lindholm & Ruth Mannelqvist, Umeå: Juridiska institutionen, Umeå universitet , 2017, p. 71-77Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Juridiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, 2017
Series
Skrifter från Juridiska institutionen vid Umeå universitet, ISSN 1404-9198 ; 38
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Research subject
Law
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-141609 (URN)9789176017937 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-11-09 Created: 2017-11-09 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8877-8962

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