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Persson, David
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Publications (3 of 3) Show all publications
Rajan, A., Persson, B. D., Frängsmyr, L., Olofsson, A., Sandblad, L., Heino, J., . . . Arnberg, N. (2018). Enteric species F human adenoviruses use laminin-binding integrins as co-receptors for infection of Ht-29 cells. Scientific Reports, 8(1), Article ID 10019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Enteric species F human adenoviruses use laminin-binding integrins as co-receptors for infection of Ht-29 cells
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2018 (English)In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 8, no 1, article id 10019Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The enteric species F human adenovirus types 40 and 41 (HAdV-40 and -41) are the third most common cause of infantile gastroenteritis in the world. Knowledge about HAdV-40 and -41 cellular infection is assumed to be fundamentally different from that of other HAdVs since HAdV-40 and -41 penton bases lack the αV-integrin-interacting RGD motif. This motif is used by other HAdVs mainly for internalization and endosomal escape. We hypothesised that the penton bases of HAdV-40 and -41 interact with integrins independently of the RGD motif. HAdV-41 transduction of a library of rodent cells expressing specific human integrin subunits pointed to the use of laminin-binding α2-, α3- and α6-containing integrins as well as other integrins as candidate co-receptors. Specific laminins prevented internalisation and infection, and recombinant, soluble HAdV-41 penton base proteins prevented infection of human intestinal HT-29 cells. Surface plasmon resonance analysis demonstrated that HAdV-40 and -41 penton base proteins bind to α6-containing integrins with an affinity similar to that of previously characterised penton base:integrin interactions. With these results, we propose that laminin-binding integrins are co-receptors for HAdV-40 and -41.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Nature, 2018
National Category
Microbiology in the medical area
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-146978 (URN)10.1038/s41598-018-28255-7 (DOI)000437097000036 ()29968781 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85049507353 (Scopus ID)
Note

Originally included in thesis in manuscript form.

Available from: 2018-04-24 Created: 2018-04-24 Last updated: 2018-08-29Bibliographically approved
Westerberg, S., Hagbom, M., Rajan, A., Loitto, V., Persson, D., Allard, A., . . . Svensson, L. (2018). Interaction of Human Enterochromaffin Cells with Human Enteric Adenovirus 41 Leads to Serotonin Release and Subsequent Activation of Enteric Glia Cells. Journal of Virology, 92(7), Article ID e00026-18.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Interaction of Human Enterochromaffin Cells with Human Enteric Adenovirus 41 Leads to Serotonin Release and Subsequent Activation of Enteric Glia Cells
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Virology, ISSN 0022-538X, E-ISSN 1098-5514, Vol. 92, no 7, article id e00026-18Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Human adenovirus 41 (HAdV-41) causes acute gastroenteritis in young children. The main characteristics of HAdV-41 infection are diarrhea and vomiting. Nevertheless, the precise mechanism of HAdV-41-induced diarrhea is unknown, as a suitable small-animal model has not been described. In this study, we used the human midgut carcinoid cell line GOT1 to investigate the effect of HAdV-41 infection and the individual HAdV-41 capsid proteins on serotonin release by enterochromaffin cells and on enteric glia cell (EGC) activation. We first determined that HAdV-41 could infect the enterochromaffin cells. Immunofluorescence staining revealed that the cells expressed HAdV-41-specific coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor (CAR); flow cytometry analysis supported these findings. HAdV-41 infection of the enterochromaffin cells induced serotonin secretion dose dependently. In contrast, control infection with HAdV-5 did not induce serotonin secretion in the cells. Confocal microscopy studies of enterochromaffin cells infected with HAdV-41 revealed decreased serotonin immunofluorescence compared to that in uninfected cells. Incubation of the enterochromaffin cells with purified HAdV-41 short fiber knob and hexon proteins increased the serotonin levels in the harvested cell supernatant significantly. HAdV-41 infection could also activate EGCs, as shown in the significantly altered expression of glia fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) in EGCs incubated with HAdV-41. The EGCs were also activated by serotonin alone, as shown in the significantly increased GFAP staining intensity. Likewise, EGCs were activated by the cell supernatant of HAdV-41-infected enterochromaffin cells.

Keywords
gastroenteritis, enteric adenovirus, EC cells, serotonin, enteric glia cells
National Category
Microbiology in the medical area
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-146907 (URN)10.1128/JVI.00026-18 (DOI)000428409800002 ()29367250 (PubMedID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 320301
Available from: 2018-04-23 Created: 2018-04-23 Last updated: 2018-06-27Bibliographically approved
Storm, R. J., Persson, D. B., Skalman, L. N., Frängsmyr, L., Lindström, M., Rankin, G., . . . Arnberg, N. (2017). Human Adenovirus Type 37 Uses αVβ1 and α3β1 Integrins for Infection of Human Corneal Cells. Journal of Virology, 91(5), Article ID e02019-16.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Human Adenovirus Type 37 Uses αVβ1 and α3β1 Integrins for Infection of Human Corneal Cells
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2017 (English)In: Journal of Virology, ISSN 0022-538X, E-ISSN 1098-5514, Vol. 91, no 5, article id e02019-16Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Epidemic keratoconjunctivitis (EKC) is a severe, contagious ocular disease that affects 20 to 40 million individuals worldwide every year. EKC is mainly caused by six types of human adenovirus (HAdV): HAdV-8, -19, -37, -53, -54, and -56. Of these, HAdV-8, -19, and -37 use sialic acid-containing glycans as cellular receptors. αVβ3, αVβ5, and a few additional integrins facilitate entry and endosomal release of other HAdVs. With the exception of a few biochemical analyses indicating that HAdV-37 can interact physically with αVβ5, little is known about the integrins used by EKC-causing HAdVs. Here, we investigated the overall integrin expression on human corneal cells and found expression of α2, α3, α6, αV, β1, and β4 subunits in human corneal in situ epithelium and/or in a human corneal epithelial (HCE) cell line but no or less accessible expression of α4, α5, β3, or β5. We also identified the integrins used by HAdV-37 through a series of binding and infection competition experiments and different biochemical approaches. Together, our data suggest that HAdV-37 uses αVβ1 and α3β1 integrins for infection of human corneal epithelial cells. Furthermore, to confirm the relevance of these integrins in the HAdV-37 life cycle, we developed a corneal multilayer tissue system and found that HAdV-37 infection correlated well with the patterns of αV, α3, and β1 integrin expression. These results provide further insight into the tropism and pathogenesis of EKC-causing HAdVs and may be of importance for future development of new antiviral drugs.IMPORTANCE Keratitis is a hallmark of EKC, which is caused by six HAdV types (HAdV-8, -19, -37, -53, -54, and -56). HAdV-37 and some other HAdV types interact with integrin αVβ5 in order to enter nonocular human cells. In this study, we found that αVβ5 is not expressed on human corneal epithelial cells, thus proposing other host factors mediate corneal infection. Here, we first characterized integrin expression patterns on corneal tissue and corneal cells. Among the integrins identified, competition binding and infection experiments and biochemical assays pointed out αVβ1 and α3β1 to be of importance for HAdV-37 infection of corneal tissue. In the absence of a good animal model for EKC-causing HAdVs, we also developed an in vitro system with multilayer HCE cells and confirmed the relevance of the suggested integrins during HAdV-37 infection.

Keywords
adenoviruses, cornea, epidemic keratoconjunctivitis, integrins
National Category
Microbiology in the medical area
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-133501 (URN)10.1128/JVI.02019-16 (DOI)000394356400016 ()27974569 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2017-04-11 Created: 2017-04-11 Last updated: 2018-08-06Bibliographically approved
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