umu.sePublications
Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Publications (7 of 7) Show all publications
Hofverberg, A. & Winberg, M. (2019). Interplay between achievement goals and goal structures: Effects on achievement and motivation. In: Book of Abstracts EARLI 2019: . Paper presented at The 18th Biennial Conference of the European Association for Research on Learning and Instruction (EARLI2019), 12–16 August, 2019, Aachen, Germany.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Interplay between achievement goals and goal structures: Effects on achievement and motivation
2019 (English)In: Book of Abstracts EARLI 2019, 2019Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Research has shown direct and indirect effects of students’ achievement goals and classroom goal structures on school performance and motivation. However, whether, and how, the effects of students’ achievement goals depend on classroom goal structures has not received much attention. Moreover, extant studies have not accounted for nonlinear effects, which may mask matching effects between goals and structures. Our study aims at providing a nuanced picture of the direct, interaction, and nonlinear effects of achievement goals and goal structures on student’s test performance and motivation in chemistry. Multiple linear regression in combination with response surface plots were used in the analysis of questionnaire data from 909 students involved in a cross-sectional survey in Grades 6-10. Results indicate that interactions between goals are more influential on student achievement and motivation than interactions between goals and structures. No evidence for a general matching effect between goals and goal structures was found. Mastery goals were universally beneficial, but in particular when students were low in performance goals and the perceived performance structure was weak. Overall, it seems that the influence of classroom goal structures on the effect of achievement goals may be smaller than previously assumed.

Keywords
Educational Psychology, Goal orientation, Motivation, Science education
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Research subject
educational work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-165551 (URN)
Conference
The 18th Biennial Conference of the European Association for Research on Learning and Instruction (EARLI2019), 12–16 August, 2019, Aachen, Germany
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 721-2013- 2180
Available from: 2019-11-26 Created: 2019-11-26 Last updated: 2019-11-27Bibliographically approved
Winberg, M. T., Hofverberg, A. & Lindfors, M. (2019). Relationships between epistemic beliefs and achievement goals: developmental trends over grades 5–11. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 34(2), 295-315
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Relationships between epistemic beliefs and achievement goals: developmental trends over grades 5–11
2019 (English)In: European Journal of Psychology of Education, ISSN 0256-2928, E-ISSN 1878-5174, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 295-315Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Examining how students' epistemic beliefs (EB) influence their cognition is central to EB research. Recently, the relation between students' EB and their motivation has gained attention. In the present study, we investigate the development of the relationship between students' EB and their achievement goals (AG) over grades 5–11. Previous studies on this topic are limited, in both number and range, and have produced inconsistent results. We performed a cross-sectional study, ranging over grades 5–11, and a 3-year longitudinal study (n = 1230 and 323, respectively). Data on students' EB and AG were collected via questionnaires. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) supported a two-factor goal model (Mastery and Performance goals) and a structure of students' EB comprising Certainty, Source, Development, and Justification. For each grade, students' CFA scores on the respective goals were regressed on their scores on the EB dimensions by orthogonal projection to latent structures analysis. Although results indicated a weak relation between students' EB and AG, trends in the cross-sectional data were largely replicated in the longitudinal study. Though naïve EB were in general associated with performance goals and sophisticated EB with mastery goals, the transition to upper secondary school was associated with changes in the relationship between students' EB and AG. We discuss how the commonly used formulations of EB items may affect their ability to measure the naïve-sophisticated continuum, in turn affecting the predictive roles of EB dimensions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Keywords
Epistemic beliefs, Achievement goals, Relationship, Development, Grade 5 11, Science
National Category
Didactics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-147665 (URN)10.1007/s10212-018-0391-z (DOI)000461328900002 ()
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 721-2013-2180
Note

Originally published in thesis in manuscript form.

Available from: 2018-05-14 Created: 2018-05-14 Last updated: 2019-04-23Bibliographically approved
Hofverberg, A. & Winberg, M. T. (2018). Challenging the Universality of Achievement Goal Models: a Comparison of Two Culturally Distinct Countries. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Challenging the Universality of Achievement Goal Models: a Comparison of Two Culturally Distinct Countries
2018 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, ISSN 0031-3831, E-ISSN 1470-1170Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Achievement goal theory is one of the most widespread motivation models within education research. Strong empirical support exists for the trichotomous model, comprising mastery-approach, performance-approach, and performance-avoidance goals. However, research also indicate problems with model transferability between contexts. In this study, based on questionnaire data from 4201 students, we use confirmatory factor analysis to compare the factor structures of students’ achievement goals in two culturally distinct countries. Factor structures for Grades 5–11 within the two countries were also compared. Results show that the separation between performance-approach and performance-avoidance goals differs between the two countries, and that this difference is consistent over the grades. Hence, results indicate that the model is not freely transferable between countries. The results are discussed in relation to differences in national culture and other proposed explanations such as age, perceived competence, and questionnaire characteristics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2018
Keywords
achievement goals, factor structure, transferability, culture. Sweden, Germany, measurement invariance, confirmatory factor analysis
National Category
Didactics
Research subject
didactics of chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-153766 (URN)10.1080/00313831.2018.1544170 (DOI)
Projects
DOLIS
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 721-2013-2180
Available from: 2018-11-30 Created: 2018-11-30 Last updated: 2019-06-04
Hofverberg, A. & Winberg, M. T. (2018). Challenging the Universality of Achievement Goals: A Comparison of Two Culturally Distinct Countries. In: : . Paper presented at International Conference on Motivation (ICM) 2018, Aarhus, Denmark, August 15-17 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Challenging the Universality of Achievement Goals: A Comparison of Two Culturally Distinct Countries
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to investigate the factor structure of achievement goals among students in Sweden and Germany, two countries differing substantially in competitiveness according to Hofstede’s dimensions of national culture. As the competitiveness dimension resembles performance goal classroom structures, shown to affect students’ achievement goals, we propose that the structure of students’ achievement goals may differ between the countries. Through confirmatory factor analyses, we found that a three-factor model, separating mastery-approach, performance-approach,and performance-avoidance goals, fitted the German students’ data best. In Sweden, the three-factor model and a two factormodel combining the two performance goals fitted the data equally well. However, the correlation between the performance approach and avoidance goals in the Swedish three-factor model was not significantly different from 1 and we thus considered the separation to lack practical significance. We discuss national culture, and other variables, as explanations for the differences in achievement goal factor structures.

Keywords
Motivation, Achievement goal theory, Goals, Measurement, National culture, Comparative study
National Category
Educational Sciences
Research subject
educational work; didactics of natural science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-151492 (URN)
Conference
International Conference on Motivation (ICM) 2018, Aarhus, Denmark, August 15-17 2018
Projects
DoLiS
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 721-2013-2180
Available from: 2018-09-05 Created: 2018-09-05 Last updated: 2018-09-05
Hofverberg, A. & Winberg, M. T. (2017). Achievement goal factor structure among chemistry students in Grade 5 – 11: A comparison between Sweden and Germany. In: : . Paper presented at Nordic Research Symposium on Science Education (NFSUN) 2017, Trondheim, Norway,June 7-9, 2017.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Achievement goal factor structure among chemistry students in Grade 5 – 11: A comparison between Sweden and Germany
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this study, the factor structure of German and Swedish students’ achievement goals in chemistry were investigated. The national culture of Germany and Sweden are very different in the masculinity versus femininity dimension, expressing the level of competitiveness and the way performance is evaluated in the society. Therefore, the structure of students’ achievement goals, in part based on their evaluation of performance, may very well differ between the countries. The results showed that a three-factor CFA model, separating mastery-approach, performance-approach, and performance-avoidance goals, fitted the German data best. In Sweden, the three-factor model and a two-factor model combining the two performance goals fitted the data equally well. However, the correlation between the performance approach and avoidance goals in the Swedish three-factor model was not significantly different from 1 and the separation thus lacked practical significance. Further, the same pattern was repeated for grade 5 – 11 individually within each country. Measurement invariance between grades within the countries support an invariant factor structure, and thus age-independent factor structures. We argue that differences in factor structures between the two countries are related to the differences in national culture.

National Category
Educational Sciences
Research subject
didactics of natural science; educational work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-139482 (URN)
Conference
Nordic Research Symposium on Science Education (NFSUN) 2017, Trondheim, Norway,June 7-9, 2017
Projects
DoLiS
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 721-2013-2180
Available from: 2017-09-14 Created: 2017-09-14 Last updated: 2018-12-03
Hofverberg, A. & Winberg, M. (2017). Relationships between achievement goals and epistemic beliefs: developmental trends over Grades 5–11. In: Education in the Crossroads of Economy and Politics: Role of Research in the Advancement of Public Good. Book of abstracts. Paper presented at 17th Biennial EARLI Conference for Research on Learning and Instruction, Tampere, Finland, 27 August – 2 September, 2017 (pp. 385-385).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Relationships between achievement goals and epistemic beliefs: developmental trends over Grades 5–11
2017 (English)In: Education in the Crossroads of Economy and Politics: Role of Research in the Advancement of Public Good. Book of abstracts, 2017, p. 385-385Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The aims of the study are to describe how students’ epistemic beliefs and achievement goals develop over grades 5–11, to describe the correlations between epistemic beliefs and achievement goals, and how these correlations develop over grades 5–11. Furthermore, we will explore the data for indications of causal relationships between students’ goals and epistemic beliefs, and the directionality of these relationships. The analyses builds on data from a cross-sectional survey distributed to all students in grades 5–11 in two municipalities in Sweden in 2014. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) of students’ responses revealed four valid constructs concerning students’ epistemic beliefs: Development, Justification, Certainty, and Source. Regarding students’ achievement goals, two constructs were identified: Mastery approach goals and Performance goals (including both approach and avoidance goals). Students’ factor scores on the constructs were used for calculating zero order Spearman correlations between constructs. Overall, students’ epistemic beliefs were stable over the grades, while performance goals increased at the transition between primary and secondary school. Mastery goals showed a mainly decreasing trend over the grades. Development and Justification of knowledge showed positive significant correlations with Mastery goals over grades 5–11, while naïve beliefs about Certainty and Source of knowledge were moderately and positively correlated with Performance goals in grades 5–7, weakly correlated in grade 8–9, and insignificant in grades 10 and 11. For the conference, results will be complemented with longitudinal data, focusing on causal relations between epistemic beliefs and achievement goals.

Keywords
Attitudes and beliefs, Educational Psychology, Goal orientation, Motivation
National Category
Didactics
Research subject
educational work; didactics of natural science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-139483 (URN)
Conference
17th Biennial EARLI Conference for Research on Learning and Instruction, Tampere, Finland, 27 August – 2 September, 2017
Projects
DoLiS
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 721-2013-2180
Available from: 2017-09-14 Created: 2017-09-14 Last updated: 2018-06-20Bibliographically approved
Hofverberg, A. (2016). Kemielevers lärandemål i Sverige och Tyskland. In: : . Paper presented at FND-konferensen (Forskning i Naturvetenskapernas Didaktik), Högskolan Dalarna Falun, November 9-10, 2016.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kemielevers lärandemål i Sverige och Tyskland
2016 (Swedish)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Om elever ska trivas och lyckas i skolan behöver många saker falla på plats, bl.a. måste de känna sig motiverade. Dock tycks elevers motivation försämras ju längre de går i skolan, en negativ trend som är särskilt tydlig i naturvetenskapliga ämnen. Följande studie är en del av DoLiS-projektet (Development of Learning in Science), ett samarbetsprojekt mellan Umeå Universitet och IPN (Leibniz-Institut für die Pädagogik der Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik) i Kiel, Tyskland. Inom projektet studeras elevers intresse, motivation, kunskapssyn, kemiförståelse m.m., samt hur sambanden mellan dessa utvecklas över tid. Jag har inom detta breda material fokuserat på motivation, och mer specifikt elevernas anledningar att engagera sig i lärandesituationer, kallat lärandemål (achievement goals).

Lärandemålen delas vanligtvis upp utifrån hur eleverna definierar och utvärderar kompetens: relativt sig själv (bemästrandemål/mastery goals) eller relativt andra (prestationsmål/performance goals). Det finns även mer detaljerade uppdelningar av lärandemålen och i denna studie undersöktes deras uppdelning och strukturer hos svenska och tyska elever.

Enkätdata samlades in och för att undersöka lärandemålens strukturer användes en statistisk metod kallad Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA).

Den centrala forskningsfrågan löd: Vilka uppdelningar och strukturer beskriver bäst lärandemålen hos tyska respektive svenska elever?

Resultaten tyder på att lärandemålens struktur skiljer sig mellan svenska och tyska elever. Där vi i tyska elevers svar kan utskilja två olika typer av prestationsmål kan vi endast utskilja ett hos svenska elever. En möjlig anledning till skillnaden mellan länderna är den mindre prestationsinriktade svenska kulturen där det är mer tillåtet att göra misstag. Vår ambition är att undersöka hur de nationella kulturerna eventuellt speglas i klassrumsstrukturer, samt hur klassrumsstrukturerna i sin tur påverkar elevernas individuella lärandemål. Förhoppningen är att projektet i slutändan kommer kunna bidra med kunskap om hur lärare på bästa sätt kan stödja elevernas bemästrandemål, som i tidigare studier visat sig vara mer positiva än prestationsmålen.

 

National Category
Pedagogical Work
Research subject
didactics of natural science; educational work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-139481 (URN)
Conference
FND-konferensen (Forskning i Naturvetenskapernas Didaktik), Högskolan Dalarna Falun, November 9-10, 2016
Projects
DoLiS
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 721-2013-2180
Available from: 2017-09-14 Created: 2017-09-14 Last updated: 2018-06-09
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-8454-319x

Search in DiVA

Show all publications