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van der Lingen, Ingeborg
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Kulén, M., Lindgren, M., Hansen, S., Cairns, A. G., Grundström, C., Begum, A., . . . Almqvist, F. (2018). Structure-based design of inhibitors targeting PrfA, the master virulence regulator of Listeria monocytogenes. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 61(9), 4165-4175
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Structure-based design of inhibitors targeting PrfA, the master virulence regulator of Listeria monocytogenes
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, ISSN 0022-2623, E-ISSN 1520-4804, Vol. 61, no 9, p. 4165-4175Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Listeria monocytogenes is a bacterial pathogen that controls much of its virulence through the transcriptional regulator PrfA. In this study, we describe structure guided design and synthesis of a set of PrfA inhibitors based on ring-fused 2-pyridone heterocycles. Our most effective compound decreased virulence factor expression, reduced bacterial uptake into eukaryotic cells, and improved survival of chicken embryos infected with L. monocytogenes compared to previously identified compounds. Crystal structures identified an intraprotein "tunnel" as the main inhibitor binding site (A1), where the compounds participate in an extensive hydrophobic network that restricts the protein's ability to form functional DNA-binding helix−turn−helix (HTH) motifs. Our studies also revealed a hitherto unsuspected structural plasticity of the HTH motif. In conclusion, we have designed 2-pyridone analogues that function as site-A1 selective PrfA inhibitors with potent antivirulence properties.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2018
National Category
Medicinal Chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-148830 (URN)10.1021/acs.jmedchem.8b00289 (DOI)000432204800027 ()29667825 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85046422455 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-06-13 Created: 2018-06-13 Last updated: 2018-08-28Bibliographically approved
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