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Publications (6 of 6) Show all publications
Östman, S., Hristova, I. & Eriksson, S. (2019). Miljöarkeologisk analys av prover från härdgropar, en boplatsgrop samt ett fynd av bränd gröt eller dynga inom Hedenstorp 1:3, RAÄ Sandseryd 396, Småland. Umeå: Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier, Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Miljöarkeologisk analys av prover från härdgropar, en boplatsgrop samt ett fynd av bränd gröt eller dynga inom Hedenstorp 1:3, RAÄ Sandseryd 396, Småland
2019 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier, Umeå universitet, 2019. p. 8
Series
Environmental Archaeology Laboratory Reports ; 2019-013
Keywords
makrofossilanalys, dynga
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
environmental archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-157470 (URN)
Available from: 2019-03-21 Created: 2019-03-21 Last updated: 2019-03-26Bibliographically approved
Nikov, K., Marinova, E., De Cupere, B., Hristova, I., Dimitrova, Y., Iliev, S. & Popov, H. (2018). Food supply and disposal of food remains at Late Bronze and Early Iron Age Ada Tepe: bioarchaeological aspects of food production,processing and consumption. In: Maria Ivanova, Bogdan Athanassov, Vanya Petrova, Desislava Takorova and Philipp W. Stockhammer (Ed.), Social dimensions of food in the Prehistoric Balkans: (pp. 278-299). Oxbow Books
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Food supply and disposal of food remains at Late Bronze and Early Iron Age Ada Tepe: bioarchaeological aspects of food production,processing and consumption
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2018 (English)In: Social dimensions of food in the Prehistoric Balkans / [ed] Maria Ivanova, Bogdan Athanassov, Vanya Petrova, Desislava Takorova and Philipp W. Stockhammer, Oxbow Books, 2018, p. 278-299Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The site Ada Tepe situated in Eastern Rhodope Mountains (South Bulgaria) represents an unique gold mining complex continuously occupied from Late Bronze Age to the Early Iron Age. The excavations of the site revealed apart of the extensive mining activities also settlement layers bearing diverse evidence on the ancient food supply of the gold mining complex. As food represents a basic human need and cultural and technological innovations related with the metallurgy often influenced the subsistence and caused shifts in diet of the ancient population. In this paper we would like to explore such changes and shifts based on the available archaeological and archaeobotanical evidence from Ada Tepe. To achieve this the ceramic inventory of the found buildings is evaluated in terms of their meaning for food preparation and consumption. This evidence is crosschecked with the archaeobotanical evidence of disposed at the archaeological structures remains of cultivated plants, processed plant products (like porridge and bread remains) and such with possible imported character (like figs).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxbow Books, 2018
Keywords
Late Bronze Age, Early Iron Age, Southeasth Europe, food supply, archaeobotany
National Category
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-154636 (URN)978-1-78925-080-0 (ISBN)978-1-78925-081-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-12-21 Created: 2018-12-21 Last updated: 2019-05-09Bibliographically approved
Hristova, I. & Östman, S. (2018). Macrofossil analysis within the project Åker gård 7/201, Del C, Hamar kommune, Hedmark ID103215. Umeå
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Macrofossil analysis within the project Åker gård 7/201, Del C, Hamar kommune, Hedmark ID103215
2018 (English)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: , 2018. p. 8
Series
Environmental Archaeology Laboratory Reports ; 2018-034
Keywords
macrofossil analysis
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
environmental archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-154623 (URN)
Available from: 2018-12-20 Created: 2018-12-20 Last updated: 2018-12-20Bibliographically approved
Popov, H., Marinova, E., Hristova, I. & Iliev, S. (2018). Plant food from the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age hilltop site Kush Kaya, Eastern Rhodope Mountains, Bulgaria: insights on tha cooking practices. In: Maria Ivanova, Bogdan Athanassov, Vanya Petrova, Desislava Takorova and Philipp W. Stockhammer (Ed.), Social dimensions of food in the Prehistoric Balkans: (pp. 263-277). Oxbow Books
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Plant food from the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age hilltop site Kush Kaya, Eastern Rhodope Mountains, Bulgaria: insights on tha cooking practices
2018 (English)In: Social dimensions of food in the Prehistoric Balkans / [ed] Maria Ivanova, Bogdan Athanassov, Vanya Petrova, Desislava Takorova and Philipp W. Stockhammer, Oxbow Books, 2018, p. 263-277Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Excavations at the hilltop site of Kush Kaya, situated in the Eastern Rhodope mountains, have provided rich and diverse information on settlement structures in the region during the Late Bronze and Early Iron Age. Moreover, abundant information on the subsistence economy and the food consumed by the inhabitants of the settlement has been obtained from finds uncovered in the cultural layers of Kush Kaya. The remains of a possible millet-barley porridge, found in situ in one of the Late Bronze Age dwellings, are of special interest. Finds of this kind are quite rarely preserved and recovered during excavations, and are very valuable, as they represent direct evidence on food preparation practices. In addition, the complete archaeobotanical evidence collected from the site will be discussed. The resulting synthesised evidence will be useful for drawing a picture of the plant-based economy and the food of Ancient Thrace from the second half of the 2nd millennium to the beginning of the 1st millennium BC. Takorova, Desislava.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxbow Books, 2018
Keywords
Late Bronze Age, Early Iron Age, Southeast Europe, cookoing practices, archaeobotany
National Category
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-154638 (URN)978-1-78925-080-0 (ISBN)978-1-78925-081-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-12-21 Created: 2018-12-21 Last updated: 2019-05-09Bibliographically approved
Hristova, I., Atanassova, J. & Marinova, E. (2017). Plant economy and vegetation of the Iron Age in Bulgaria: archaeobotanical evidence from pit deposits. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, 9(7), 1481-1494
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Plant economy and vegetation of the Iron Age in Bulgaria: archaeobotanical evidence from pit deposits
2017 (English)In: Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, ISSN 1866-9557, E-ISSN 1866-9565, Vol. 9, no 7, p. 1481-1494Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Major social and economical changes occurred in human societies during the Iron Age of Southeastern Europe: increasing structuring of societies, intensifying production and metal technologies and the establishment of a market economy. However, the related plant economy of the region is still poorly studied and understood. The Iron Age ‘pit field sites’ (groups of pits distributed over a certain area) in south-eastern Bulgaria were recently intensively excavated, and their study provides rich archaeobotanical assemblages, which are used for filling this gap in our knowledge. The current study presents the archaeobotanical information from 196 flotation samples from 50 Iron Age pits. The results show a wide range of annual crops, the most important of which seem to be hulled wheats (mainly einkorn), barley and also millet. A variety of pulses and fruits is retrieved, each in small quantities. Some species like Olea europaea and Cucumis melo are an indication for contacts with adjacent regions (especially the Mediterranean area). The archaeobotanical assemblages also documented the environment and land use, revealing the exploitation of a variety of habitats like cropland, open grassland, shrub land and wetland. The archaeobotanical analyses of the Iron Age pit fields show that this type of structures can be an important source of information on the Iron Age plant economy in the region.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2017
Keywords
archaeobotany, charred plant macrofossil, Iron Age agriculture, plant economy
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
environmental archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-154647 (URN)10.1007/s12520-016-0328-x (DOI)000411108400014 ()2-s2.0-85029522616 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-12-21 Created: 2018-12-21 Last updated: 2018-12-21Bibliographically approved
Hristova, I. (2015). The use of plants in ritual context during Antiquity in Bulgaria: overview of the archaeobotanical evidence. Bulgarian e-Journal of Archaeology, 5(2), 117-135
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The use of plants in ritual context during Antiquity in Bulgaria: overview of the archaeobotanical evidence
2015 (English)In: Bulgarian e-Journal of Archaeology, ISSN 1314-5088, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 117-135Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Botanical remains from sanctuaries and necropolises provide valuable information about ancient religious practices. The current paper discusses old and new archaeobotanical data from Bulgaria and the use of plants in ritual context from Antiquity. The time span of the 44 considered sites (sanctuaries and necropolises) is between the 6th century BC and the 3rd century AD. Most of the sanctuaries in Bulgaria, where archaeobotanical remains have been studied, date to the Bronze and Iron Ages, and a large proportion represents the so called “pit fields”. Information concerning later periods is almost completely lacking. Some evidence on plant offerings is available from the necropolises of the Hellenistic and Roman periods. Although the archaeobotanical data from these sites are quite scarce, their increasing number allows the observation of some common tendencies. Cereals and pulses are most commonly identified at sanctuaries, while fruits are typical remains in the necropolises. Very often imported species (like stone pine, pistachio and olive) are found which testifies to existing contacts with adjacent regions (mainly the Mediterranean area and North Africa).

Abstract [bg]

Растителните материали, отложени и съхранени в седименти на светилища и некрополи, спомагат за изясняване и интерпретиране на древните култове и рели-гиозни практики. На територията на България археоботанично изследваните свети-лища най-общо могат да се датират в бронзовата и желязната епоха. Почти липсват данни за изследвани обекти от такъв характер, отнасящи се до по-късни периоди. Малко повече са данните за некрополи от античността.Една голяма част от изследваните светилища у нас спадат към т. нар. ямни по-лета. В тези обекти доста често се срещат житните култури. Чести са и останките от грозде. По-рядко се намират други плодни растения като череша, орех, пиния. В съ-седни на нашата страна райони, като Гърция например, ситуацията е сходна. Много често в светилищата се намират културни житни растения, но за разлика от Бълга-рия, намираните плодове са срещани по-чесдто и по-голямо разнообразие (смокиня, шишарки и семена от пиния, фурма, грозде, маслина, ябълка, нар, череша и др.). За пример могат да се посочат Делфи, светилището на Артемида и Аполон в Калаподи, на Деметра и Персефона в Коринт. Подобни са резултатите и от други изследвани светилища в Европа, като това на Деметра и Персефона в Апулия, Италия, на Изида и Великата богиня майка в Майнц, Германия, на Изида в Андалусия, Испания и др.Археоботанични материали не липсват и от некрополите на територията на България. Намерените растения са предимно плодове: бадеми, орехи, лешници, жълъди, грозде, фурми, смокини, череши и др. На базата на досегашните проучва-ния на територията на България, данни за наличие на растителни останки в гробен контекс от елинистическата и римската епохи са регистрирани на около 30 обекта. От подобен характер са и останките от растения, открити в некропол на о. Тасос, в некропола на Саламис, Кипър. Информация за ботаничните останки намерени в не-крополите в останалата част на Европа произлизат главно от гробове с кремации от римската епоха. Материалите в тях не се отличават съществено от тези, намирани у нас и в съседни райони.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The Association of Bulgarian Archaeologists, 2015
Keywords
Hellenistic and Roman period, Bulgaria, archaeobotanical remains, sanctuaries, necropolises
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
environmental archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-154644 (URN)000433719200002 ()
Note

Bulgarian title: "Използване на растенията в ритуален контекст през античността: преглед на археоботаничните данни".

Available from: 2018-12-21 Created: 2018-12-21 Last updated: 2018-12-21Bibliographically approved
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ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-4899-1256

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