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Hedström, Jenny
Publications (2 of 2) Show all publications
Hedström, J. & Olivius, E. (2020). Insecurity, Dispossession, Depletion : Women’s Experiences of Post-War Development in Myanmar. European Journal of Development Research, 32(2), 379-403
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Insecurity, Dispossession, Depletion : Women’s Experiences of Post-War Development in Myanmar
2020 (English)In: European Journal of Development Research, ISSN 0957-8811, E-ISSN 1743-9728, Vol. 32, no 2, p. 379-403Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article explores the gendered dynamics of Myanmar’s post-war economic reforms through an analysis of women’s experiences of development in Kayah (Karenni) state. In Myanmar, ceasefires and a reduction of armed violence combined with state-driven economic liberalization reforms are conditioned by, but also contribute to remake, gendered relations of power, privilege and marginalization. While new land legislation and development projects have contributed to loss of land and livelihoods among rural populations in general, our study demonstrates that women living in conflict-affected border areas are disproportionally affected. Drawing on interviews and participant observation, we show how this is directly related to an overarching gendered political economy defined by legacies of conflict, discrimination and uneven processes of development, which positions women as particularly vulnerable to new forms of insecurity, dispossession and depletion generated by post-war economic transformations. We argue that the political and economic legacies of war in the state has produced a gendered division of labor that positions women as responsible for unpaid and underpaid informal and social reproductive labor, weakens women’s access to land, and results in physical, material, and emotional depletion. Through this focus, our study adds to research on development and economic restructuring in post-war contexts in general, and to emergent scholarship on Myanmar’s economic reforms in particular.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2020
Keywords
Post-war economic development, Gender, Feminist political economy. Informal labor, Land rights, Myanmar, Kayah/Karenni state
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-170074 (URN)10.1057/s41287-020-00255-2 (DOI)000521910700001 ()
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2015-01756Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, M16-0297:1
Available from: 2020-04-24 Created: 2020-04-24 Last updated: 2020-05-14Bibliographically approved
Olivius, E. & Hedström, J. (2019). Militarized Nationalism as a Platform for Feminist Mobilization?: The Case of the Exiled Burmese Women’s Movement. Women's Studies: International Forum, 76, Article ID 102263.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Militarized Nationalism as a Platform for Feminist Mobilization?: The Case of the Exiled Burmese Women’s Movement
2019 (English)In: Women's Studies: International Forum, ISSN 0277-5395, E-ISSN 1879-243X, Vol. 76, article id 102263Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Feminist scholars have convincingly demonstrated how militarism and nationalism rely on the (re)production of gendered hierarchies. As a result, feminism is often assumed to be at odds with these political projects. In this article, we demonstrate that this is not always and not necessarily the case: in contrast, militarized nationalism may even constitute fertile ground for the mobilization of feminist organization and activism. We make this argument drawing on an in-depth case study of the emergence and evolution of an exiled Burmese women's movement from within armed ethno-nationalist struggles in the borderlands of Myanmar. Drawing on interviews with women activists, we examine when and how militarized nationalism can provide a space from which feminist agendas can be articulated and successfully pursued. This case demonstrates that militarized nationalism does not only have the potential to mobilize women's participation, but can provide a platform for feminist organization and activism that transcends, challenges, and eventually reshapes militarized nationalist projects in ways that advance women's rights and equality. These findings call into question generalized assumptions about the conflictual relationship between feminism, militarism and nationalism, and contributes to advance feminist debates about women's mobilization in contexts of armed conflicts and nationalist struggles.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Feminism, Militarism, Nationalism, Women's activism, Myanmar, Armed conflict
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies) Gender Studies
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-162639 (URN)10.1016/j.wsif.2019.102263 (DOI)000488141700003 ()
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2015-01756
Available from: 2019-08-26 Created: 2019-08-26 Last updated: 2019-10-24Bibliographically approved
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