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Jarstad, Anna, Professor
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Publications (5 of 5) Show all publications
Söderström, J., Åkebo, M. & Jarstad, A. (2019). Friends, Fellows and Foes: A new framework for studying relational peace. Umeå: Department of Political Science, Umeå university
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Friends, Fellows and Foes: A new framework for studying relational peace
2019 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In this paper we suggest that taking a relational view of peace serious is a fruitful avenue for expanding current theoretical frameworks surrounding peace as a concept. Paving the way for such an approach, this paper conducts a review of the literature which takes on peace as a relational concept. We then return to how a relationship is conceptualized, before turning to how such components would be further defined in order to specify relational peace. Based on this framework, we argue that a peaceful relation entails non-domination, deliberation and cooperation between the actors in the dyad, the actors involved recognize and trust each other and believe that the relationship is one between legitimate actors and ultimately an expression of friendship. It clarifies the methodological implications of studying peace in this manner. It also demonstrates some of the advantages of this approach, as it shows how peace and war can co-exist in webs of multiple interactions, and the importance of studying relations, and how actors understand these relationships, as a way of studying varieties of peace.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Department of Political Science, Umeå university, 2019
Series
Umeå Working Papers in Peace and Conflict Studies, ISSN 1654-2398 ; 11
Keywords
relational peace; theoretical framework; cooperation; recognition; nondomination;
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-157430 (URN)978-91-7855-054-8 (ISBN)
Projects
Varieties of Peace
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, M16-0297: 1
Available from: 2019-03-19 Created: 2019-03-19 Last updated: 2019-03-19Bibliographically approved
Ahlbäck Öberg, S., Bennich-Björkman, L., Hermansson, J., Jarstad, A., Karlsson, C. & Widmalm, S. (2016). Projektsamhället och hoten mot akademin. In: Shirin Ahlbäck Öberg, Li Bennich-Björkman, Jörgen Hermansson, Anna Jarstad, Christer Karlsson och Sten Widmalm (Ed.), Det hotade universitetet: (pp. 9-26). Stockholm: Dialogos Förlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Projektsamhället och hoten mot akademin
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2016 (Swedish)In: Det hotade universitetet / [ed] Shirin Ahlbäck Öberg, Li Bennich-Björkman, Jörgen Hermansson, Anna Jarstad, Christer Karlsson och Sten Widmalm, Stockholm: Dialogos Förlag, 2016, p. 9-26Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Dialogos Förlag, 2016
Keywords
kollegialitet, akademiskt ledarskap, universitet, utbildningspolitik
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary History of Ideas
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-126053 (URN)9789175042992 (ISBN)
Projects
GFM: samverkansgruppen för god forskningsmiljö
Available from: 2016-09-27 Created: 2016-09-27 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Höglund, K. & Jarstad, A. K. (2011). Toward Electoral Security: Experiences from KwaZulu-Natal. Africa Spectrum, 46(1), 33-59
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Toward Electoral Security: Experiences from KwaZulu-Natal
2011 (English)In: Africa Spectrum, ISSN 0002-0397, E-ISSN 1868-6869, Vol. 46, no 1, p. 33-59Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There is a growing recognition of the dangers of electoral violence. Yet, the theoretical foundation for systematic research and for adequate policy is still underdeveloped. This article aims to develop the theoretical understandings of strategies to manage and prevent electoral violence. This is accomplished by integrating research conducted within the two academic discourses on democratization and conflict management and also by drawing on the experiences from the conflict-ridden province KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa. The five strategies identified are monitoring, mediation, legal measures, law enforcement and self-regulating practices. In the article, the functions and mechanisms of the strategies are discussed. In addition, we analyse the limitations and usefulness of each of the strategies in turn and also provide suggestions on how to improve electoral security.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hamburg: G I G A Institute of African Affairs, 2011
Keywords
South Africa, elections/voting, violence, conflict management, democracy
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-105318 (URN)000296747600002 ()
Available from: 2011-12-20 Created: 2015-06-22 Last updated: 2018-06-07
Höglund, K. & Jarstad, A. K. (2010). Strategies to Prevent and Manage Electoral Violence: Considerations for Policy. Durban: ACCORD
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Strategies to Prevent and Manage Electoral Violence: Considerations for Policy
2010 (English)Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, pages
Durban: ACCORD, 2010
Keywords
elections, violence, democracy, security, South Africa
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-105317 (URN)
Available from: 2010-08-02 Created: 2015-06-22 Last updated: 2018-06-07
Jarstad, A. (2009). The Prevalence of Power-Sharing: Exploring the Patterns of Post-Election Peace. Africa Spectrum, 44(3), 41-62
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Prevalence of Power-Sharing: Exploring the Patterns of Post-Election Peace
2009 (English)In: Africa Spectrum, ISSN 0002-0397, E-ISSN 1868-6869, Vol. 44, no 3, p. 41-62Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Why are some elections followed by armed conflict, while others are not? This article begins to explore this question by mapping the prevalence of power-sharing agreements and patterns of post-election peace in states shattered by civil war. While democracy builds on the notion of free political competition and uncertain electoral outcomes, power-sharing reduces the uncertainty by ensuring political power for certain groups. Nevertheless, new data presented in this article – the Post-Accord Elections (PAE) data collection – shows that the issues of peace, power-sharing and democracy have become intertwined as the vast majority of contemporary peace agreements provide for both power-sharing and elections. First, in contrast to previous research which has suggested that power-sharing is a tool for ending violence, this study shows that conflict often continues after an agreement has been signed, even if it includes provisions for power-sharing. Second, this investigation shows no evidence of power-sharing facilitating the holding of elections. On the contrary, it is more common that elections are held following a peace process without power-sharing. Third, a period of power-sharing ahead of the elections does not seem to provide for postelection peace. Rather, such elections are similarly dangerous as post-accord elections held without a period of power-sharing. The good news is that power-sharing does not seem to have a negative effect on post-election peace.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hamburg: GIGA, 2009
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-105320 (URN)000276613900003 ()
Projects
Electoral violence
Available from: 2010-10-05 Created: 2015-06-22 Last updated: 2018-06-07
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