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Title [sv]
Fördomars sociala grund. Betydelsen av föräldrar, vänner och kontakt för utvecklingen av fördomar hos ungdomar
Title [en]
Social foundations of prejudice. The role of parents, peers and intergroup contact in the development of prejudice in adolescence
Abstract [sv]
Projektet undersöker hur fördomar utvecklas hos ungdomar, med särskilt fokus på betydelsen av föräldrar, vänner och kontakt med andra grupper. Projektets fokus motiveras av behovet att bättre förstå sociala påverkansprocesser under tonårstiden, en kritisk period för formeringen av attityder. Genom att tillämpa unika paneldata avhjälper vi två huvudsakliga brister som präglat tidigare forskning, nämligen bristen på longitudinella analyser och bristen på samtidiga analyser av fler än en social påverkansfaktor. Med stöd i centrala teorier om sociala influenser och attitydformering, fokuserar vi på två frågor som inte besvarats i tidigare forskning: Vad är den relativa betydelsen av vänner, föräldrar och kontakt för utvecklingen av fördomar under tonårstiden? Hur samverkar föräldrar, vänner och kontakt för att generera fördomar? Endast genom att studera föräldrars, vänners och kontakts betydelse samtidigt och över tid är det möjligt att etablera vem som har betydelse för ungdomars attitydutveckling och när. På så sätt kommer projektet inte bara leda till en bättre förståelse för hur fördomar utvecklas under tonåren, utan också bidra till attitydforskningen generellt, liksom att stärka kunskapen om hur fördomar kan motverkas.
Abstract [en]
This project examines the development of prejudice in adolescence, with a particular focus on parents, peers and intergroup contact as key socialization contexts. The topic is motivated by the need to understand how processes of social influence unfold during adolescence; a critical time for attitude formation. By making use of unique panel data, we aim to overcome two main shortcomings in previous research, namely the lack of longitudinal analyses and the lack of analyses that take more than one socializing context into consideration simultaneously. Drawing on central theories of social influences and attitude formation, we address two questions that previous scholarship has failed to answer: What is the relative influence of peers, parents, and intergroup contact on the development of prejudice during adolescence? How do parents, peers and intergroup contact interact to produce prejudice? Only by studying the influence of parents, peers and intergroup contact simultaneously and over time, can we sort out who matters to adolescents? attitudes, and under what conditions. Doing so will not only enhance our understanding of how prejudice develops during adolescence, but also advance research on attitudes in general, as well as improve knowledge of how prejudice can be reduced.
Publications (1 of 1) Show all publications
Bohman, A., Hjerm, M. & Eger, M. A. (2019). Politics and prejudice: How political discussion with peers is related to attitudes about immigrants during adolescence. Frontiers in Sociology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Politics and prejudice: How political discussion with peers is related to attitudes about immigrants during adolescence
2019 (English)In: Frontiers in Sociology, E-ISSN 2297-7775Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
Abstract [en]

Research on prejudice has shown that with whom we surround ourselves matters for intergroup attitudes, but these studies have paid little attention to the content of those interactions. Studies on political socialization and deliberation have focused on the content of interaction by examining the transmission of norms as well as the direct consequences of political discussion on attitudes and behavior. However, this literature has not focused on prejudice as a potential consequence. In this study, we combine these approaches to examine if political discussions with peers during adolescence matter for prejudice. We rely on five waves of a Swedish panel of adolescents, ages 13-22. Results show an association between political discussion and prejudice over time, and that this relationship increases as adolescents grow older. Results also demonstrate that the effect of political discussions depends on the level of prejudice in one’s peer network. Discussion with low prejudice friends is associated with lower levels of prejudice over time, while political discussion with high prejudice peers is not significantly related to attitudes.

Keywords
prejudice, longitudinal, anti-immigrant, adolescent, discussion, political
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-163463 (URN)10.3389/fsoc.2019.00070 (DOI)
Funder
Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation, 2014.0019Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P16-0446:1Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P14-0775:1Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2016-07177
Available from: 2019-09-20 Created: 2019-09-20 Last updated: 2019-09-24
Co-InvestigatorBohman, Andrea
Principal InvestigatorBohman, Andrea
Coordinating organisation
Umeå University
Funder
Period
2017-01-01 - 2019-12-31
National Category
Social PsychologySociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
DiVA, id: project:532Project, id: P16-0446:1_RJ