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Project

Project type/Form of grant
International cooperation
Title [sv]
Forskning om substansmissbruk i välfärdsstater med olika kulturer för socialt arbete
Title [en]
Substance abuse research in welfare states with different social work cultures
Abstract [sv]
Dr. Ivy Krull (Emmanuel College och Boston University) är en erkänd specialist på forskning om organisationers och personalgruppers kapacitet vid missbruksbehandling. Hon har genomfört ett storskaligt projekt i USA som använder ett ?best-in-class? undersökningsverktyg (TCU-ORC), vilket ännu inte tillämpats på organisationer inom missbrukarvården i Sverige. Att ta in en expert på det här verktyget ger en unik möjlighet för Umeå universitet och Sverige. Under en gästforskarvistelse kan Dr. Krull bedriva forskning, undervisa, delta i seminarier och utveckling av konferenser som en del av ett pågående arbete för att stärka Sveriges kompetens inom detta område. I synnerhet kan hon stärka Umeå universitets ambition att bli ett av de ledande universiteten på kvantitativ forskning om missbruksbehandling i socialt arbete. Dr. Krull kan bidra med ny och värdefull kompetens inom forskning om organisationers och personalgruppers kapacitet vid missbruksbehandling. Under vistelsen kommer Dr. Krull att genomföra en TCU-ORC undersökning. Framförallt kommer hon att arbeta med: översättningen av TCU-ORC, datainsamling, kvantitativ analys, samt spridning av resultaten inom den svenska missbruksvården. Projektet ligger väl i linje med Fortes bidrag för inkommande gästforskare genom att det (a) bidrar till internationellt erfarenhetsutbyte om forskning som jämför organisationers och personalgruppers kapacitet vid missbruksbehandling i USA och Sverige, (b) kan tillföra internationella kunskaper om missbrukarvårdens organisering till det svenska forskarsamhället, och (c) bidra till att svensk forskning sprids internationellt.
Abstract [en]
Dr. Ivy Krull (Emmanuel College and Boston University) is a recognized specialist in research focusing on organizational and workforce capacity in addiction treatment. She has completed a large-scale project in the United States utilizing a best-in-class survey tool (TCU-ORC) which has yet to be applied to substance abuse treatment organizations in Sweden. Bringing in an expert on this tool is a unique opportunity for Umeå University. Dr. Krull will come to Sweden to conduct research, teach, participate in seminars and conference development as part of an ongoing effort to strengthen Sweden?s expertise in this area, and to become one of the leading universities and schools of social work with a focus on quantitative research in addiction treatment. In particular, she can strengthen Umeå University´s ambition to become one of the leading universities in quantitative research on addiction treatment in social work. Dr. Krull can bring new and valuable skills in research on organizational and workforce capacity in addiction treatment. During their stay, Dr Krull will conduct a TCU-ORC investigation. She will primarily work with: translation of TCU-ORC, data collection, quantitative analysis, and dissemination of results within the Swedish substance abuse care.The project is in line with Fortes grants for incoming visiting researchers in that it (a) contributes to international exchange of experience, focusing on research that compares organizational and workforce capacity in addiction treatment in the United States and Sweden, and (b) brings international knowledge on substance abuse treatment organizations to the Swedish research community, and (c) helps to disseminate Swedish addiction research internationally.
Publications (2 of 2) Show all publications
Krull, I., Carpholt, C. & Blom, B. (2023). Stigmatization in social work: comparative collective case study of social workers in Sweden and the United States. Social Work and Society, 21(2), 1-20
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Stigmatization in social work: comparative collective case study of social workers in Sweden and the United States
2023 (English)In: Social Work and Society, E-ISSN 1613-8953, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 1-20Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper investigates how social workers in Sweden and the United States perceive the impact of social stigma, based on their experiences within a social service job. This is important because when social workers feel stigmatized (defined in this context as describing or regarding something, such as a characteristic or group of people in a way that shows strong disapproval (Merriam-Webster, n.d.)), they can affect clients negatively, i.e. poorer quality of interventions/results. Comparison of feelings of stigmatization among social workers in these distinct cultures enabled us to study how values, social policies and institutions influence stigmatization processes. Focus group data shows significant differences between Sweden and the U.S. regarding: 1) how social workers experience their society‘s view of social work, 2) what society’s view of social work means for social workers’ self-perception, 3) how social workers experience their society‘s views of clients, 4) what society’s view of clients means for social workers’ client work. Differences are mainly due to dissimilarities between the programs and institutions within each system. Findings indicate that promotion of the dignity and worth of people requires social workers to also experience dignity and worth in their professional role. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wuppertal: , 2023
Keywords
Stigma, Social workers, Social services, Welfare regimes
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-225986 (URN)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare
Available from: 2024-06-11 Created: 2024-06-11 Last updated: 2024-06-11Bibliographically approved
Carpholt, C., Krull, I. & Blom, B. (2021). Stigmatization Processes in Social Work: a comparative study of social workers in the social services in Sweden and the United States. In: : . Paper presented at Forsa/NASSW Conference, Reykjavik, Iceland 11-12 November 2021. Online conference.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Stigmatization Processes in Social Work: a comparative study of social workers in the social services in Sweden and the United States
2021 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Background: This paper investigates how social workers within the social services, in different welfare regimes, comprehend social stigma. This is important since stigmatized social workers can affect clients and the social work negatively, i.e. poorer quality of interventions and poorer quality of results.

Theory and method: Two types of theory was used: social stigma, and Esping-Andersen’s typology of welfare regimes. Sweden and the United States was studied, since they represent opposite types of welfare regimes: Social Democratic (Sweden) and US (Liberal). Comparison of social stigma among social workers in two welfare regimes enabled us to study how values, social policies and institutions influenced stigmatization processes.

Data was collected through focus group interviews: three in Sweden and three in the United States. Data were analyzed with a conventional content analysis.

Findings: Results show significant differences between Sweden and US regarding: 1) how social workers experience that society views social work, 2) what society’s view of social work mean for social workers’ self-perception, 3) how social workers experience that society views the social service clients, 4) what society’s view of clients mean for social workers’ client work. Differences are mainly due to dissimilarities between the various welfare regimes, where stigma is an inherent part of the liberal welfare regime.

Conclusion: For social workers to be able to promote dignity and worth of people, they themselves must experience dignity and worth in their professional role. A fundamental prerequisite for this is welfare systems’ recognition of the importance of trusting human relationships.

Keywords
social stigma, social worker, social services, focus groups, welfare regimes
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-189502 (URN)
Conference
Forsa/NASSW Conference, Reykjavik, Iceland 11-12 November 2021. Online conference
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2016-07281
Available from: 2021-11-14 Created: 2021-11-14 Last updated: 2021-11-16Bibliographically approved
Principal InvestigatorBlom, Björn
Coordinating organisation
Umeå University
Funder
Period
2016-12-01 - 2017-11-30
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
DiVA, id: project:690Project, id: 2016-07281_Forte

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