umu.sePublikationer
Ändra sökning
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Growth and decline in rural Sweden: geographical distribution of employment and population 1960–2010
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi och ekonomisk historia, Kulturgeografi.
2017 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)Alternativ titel
Tillväxt och nedgång på svensk landsbygd : fördelning av befolkning och arbete 1960–2010 (Svenska)
Abstract [en]

This thesis investigates the combination of changes in the population and employment into sectors in rural Sweden for the period 1960-2010. The aim is to describe and analyze the demographic changes together with the labour market changes, and to account for the spatial outcome of these changes by considering the heterogeneity of rural areas. The analysis departs from the framework of rural restructuring, where changes in employment and population in rural Sweden are interpreted as local products of the global processes of technological development, social modernization and globalization. Empirically, the analysis is based on a combination of longitudinal censuses and register data on the Swedish population covering the period 1960-2010.

The first part of the aim is achieved by applying a life-course perspective and exploiting the longitudinal nature of the data. The life-course perspective distinguishes between historical time and the age of individuals, making it possible to situate changes in employment and migration on the individual level. The second part of the aim is achieved through developing a typology of rural Sweden by doing a cluster analysis on SAMS-areas.

The results show that rural change after 1980 was characterized by de-industrialization and the rise of the urban service sector. The period was also characterized by regional urbanization rather than local urbanization. Peripheral urban and rural areas based on industrial employment found themselves with a declining economic motor, which meant that people had to find their source of income elsewhere. The migration stream in this period was thus increasingly directed towards metropolitan or large city centers, and their rural surroundings within commuting distance. However, the more fine-tuned spatial typology reveals that also a few areas in the rural periphery have experienced growth, these areas are mainly attractive places based on various kinds of tourism. It can thus be concluded that different rural areas have experienced, and will continue to experience, the shift from manufacturing to services differently, where some areas have grown in both demographic and employment terms while others have declined. In this sense the heterogeneity of rural areas are a product of both growth and decline – of old development paths that is reaching their end and of new development paths that will continue into the future.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2017. , 76 s.
Serie
GERUM, ISSN 1402-5205 ; 2017:3
Nyckelord [en]
rural restructuring, rural heterogeneity, manufacturing decline, agricultural decline, urbanization, rural typology, life-course perspective, cluster analysis, Sweden
Nationell ämneskategori
Kulturgeografi
Forskningsämne
kulturgeografi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-139723ISBN: 978-91-7601-769-2 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-139723DiVA: diva2:1143120
Disputation
2017-10-13, Hörsal C, Samhällsvetarhuset, 901 87, Umeå, 10:15 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Forskningsfinansiär
Forskningsrådet Formas, 2011-72
Tillgänglig från: 2017-09-22 Skapad: 2017-09-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-02Bibliografiskt granskad
Delarbeten
1. Rural restructuring and gendered micro-dynamics of the agricultural labour market
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Rural restructuring and gendered micro-dynamics of the agricultural labour market
2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Fennia, ISSN 0015-0010, Vol. 195, nr 1, 25-35 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Based on a comparison of the employment trajectories of two cohorts of men and women in the agricultural sector in Sweden, this article gives an account of the past 50 years’ decline in employment in agriculture. The findings show that the decline of employment in agriculture was the result of fewer entries into the sector and more exits out of the sector. The findings also suggest that the restructuring of the agricultural sector has had greater effects on women than men, with women exiting the sector to a greater degree or never entering it to begin with.

Nyckelord
agricultural decline, rural restructuring, off-farm employment, lifecourse perspective, Sweden
Nationell ämneskategori
Kulturgeografi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-133595 (URN)10.11143/fennia.59542 (DOI)000406431800003 ()
Forskningsfinansiär
Forskningsrådet Formas, 2011-72
Tillgänglig från: 2017-04-12 Skapad: 2017-04-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-11-29Bibliografiskt granskad
2. Restructuring of rural Sweden: employment transition and out-migration of three cohorts born 1945–1980
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Restructuring of rural Sweden: employment transition and out-migration of three cohorts born 1945–1980
2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 42, 123-132 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Rural restructuring has established itself in recent years as a popular area for research. However, the empirical findings are contested and criticism has been raised against its one-sided focus on agriculture and the British countryside. Drawing on Swedish longitudinal register data from three cohorts, we argue that there is empirical support for a restructuring process in rural areas. However, changes in agriculture are largely irrelevant considering the general picture – instead, it is the rise and fall of manufacturing and rural public sector employment, along with the recent growth of urban service sector employment, that comprise the contemporary economic restructuring of rural areas. We conclude that the contemporary restructuring in rural areas should be separated from a previous restructuring which went from agriculture to manufacturing.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2015
Nyckelord
Rural restructuring, Manufacturing decline, Urbanization, Lifecourse perspective, Sweden
Nationell ämneskategori
Social och ekonomisk geografi
Forskningsämne
kulturgeografi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-110657 (URN)10.1016/j.jrurstud.2015.10.006 (DOI)000367125400012 ()
Projekt
Mobilising the rural: postproductivism and the new economy
Forskningsfinansiär
Forskningsrådet Formas, 2011-72
Tillgänglig från: 2015-10-26 Skapad: 2015-10-26 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-01Bibliografiskt granskad
3. Mapping the Socioeconomic Landscape of Rural Sweden: Towards a Typology of Rural Areas
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Mapping the Socioeconomic Landscape of Rural Sweden: Towards a Typology of Rural Areas
2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 50, nr 3, 460-474 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Definitions of the rural have been the subject of numerous academic papers. This paper argues that the a priori urban–rural continuum model should be abandoned in favour of a more open approach. In advancing this argument, a socioeconomic typology of rural Sweden is developed by means of cluster analysis. A total of 3983 areas were sorted into five clusters and16 sub-clusters. One-third of the rural population lives in the middle-class countryside within the urban shadow (12%) and working-class countryside within the urban shadow (22%); the bulk of the rural population lives in countryside outside the urban shadow (25%) and manufacturing periphery (28%); and a smaller share resides in the resource periphery (12%). It is concluded that location-specific typologies based on high-resolution data that avoid a priori assumptions of rurality give great insight into rural heterogeneity.

Nyckelord
Rural heterogeneity, Rural change, Rural typology, Regional development, Cluster analysis, Sweden
Nationell ämneskategori
Kulturgeografi
Forskningsämne
kulturgeografi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-91671 (URN)10.1080/00343404.2014.924618 (DOI)000368717900006 ()2-s2.0-84902899203 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Forskningsrådet Formas
Tillgänglig från: 2014-08-13 Skapad: 2014-08-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-05Bibliografiskt granskad

Open Access i DiVA

fulltext(1504 kB)102 nedladdningar
Filinformation
Filnamn FULLTEXT01.pdfFilstorlek 1504 kBChecksumma SHA-512
0d2b3381d6e5fe29e6f14e22fba096abf5b7eb544c8abbfe56f3fad50b9bda5878dc1178c878d80f74eddbd6fca2c3acf0be9b030c743f9168712e655282b4cc
Typ fulltextMimetyp application/pdf
spikblad(188 kB)5 nedladdningar
Filinformation
Filnamn SPIKBLAD01.pdfFilstorlek 188 kBChecksumma SHA-512
36e63eacd59f26fb98c3fb092ecc81f93d990c4ad3ceb7e274826825b73ba56f1daa1ea43e7d2e329c65fb42b8f4f6527bfe18974d6551e670fb89883432e011
Typ spikbladMimetyp application/pdf
omslag(262 kB)7 nedladdningar
Filinformation
Filnamn COVER02.pdfFilstorlek 262 kBChecksumma SHA-512
aefb62945c0cc42fc79bf992a4255d6281999700557b519859e715fec126e24e0a8872fa769614297f11ed93b77193342df83e5faeed6fdf9bb1809f0ab67641
Typ coverMimetyp application/pdf

Sök vidare i DiVA

Av författaren/redaktören
Hedlund, Martin
Av organisationen
Kulturgeografi
Kulturgeografi

Sök vidare utanför DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Totalt: 102 nedladdningar
Antalet nedladdningar är summan av nedladdningar för alla fulltexter. Det kan inkludera t.ex tidigare versioner som nu inte längre är tillgängliga.

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetricpoäng

isbn
urn-nbn
Totalt: 1609 träffar
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf