Umeå universitets logga

umu.sePublikationer
Ändra sökning
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Who becomes a teenage parent?: life course perspectives on selection into teenage motherhood and fatherhood trajectories in Sweden
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-2696-9517
2017 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Background. The aim of the research described in thesis is to study processes of selection leading to teenage parenthood in contemporary Sweden. I ask how factors related to socio-economic position, mental health issues in youth, and family formation behaviour of previous generations directs young individuals into teenage parent trajectories. Having children as a teenager is often seen as a burden and a failure, and framed as a public health concern. This is true, even as mounting evidence points to the fact that the connections between teenage parenthood and future adverse outcomes are muddled by selection effects. This research makes a contribution to the body of knowledge by looking at how several factors influence selection processes, namely socio-economic background factors, mental health issues in adolescence and family formation patterns of the teenage parent’s own parents. Both teenage mothers and teenage fathers are considered from a life course perspective. The theoretical framework also draws on the literature relating to opportunity costs and competing alternatives.

Method. Two longitudinal data sources are utilized: register population data accessed through the Umeå SIMSAM lab and the Northern Swedish Cohort survey. In order to answer questions about both selection leading into events and trajectories, random intercept models for longitudinal data as well as sequence analysis are applied.

Results. The results show that, apart from confirming the continued importance of socio-economic factors selecting young men and women to become teenage parents and embark on teenage parenthood trajectories, mental health issues in youth are also important. Through this route, both teenage girls and boys enter into teenage parenthood in a way that does not happen with on-time parenthood. Furthermore, the results show that selection not only affects the chances of becoming a teenage parent, but also which type of teenage parent trajectory the individual follows. Moreover, the results reveal that these trajectories, and not only the event of becoming a teenage parent, are repeated over generations. The results illustrate that teenage parents are a heterogeneous group with diverse backgrounds and selection processes, and hence policy measures aimed at teenage parents should not try to offer blanket solutions.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2017. , s. 48
Serie
Akademiska avhandlingar vid Sociologiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, ISSN 1104-2508 ; 79
Nyckelord [en]
teenage parenthood, life course, longitudinal, mental health, family, selection effects
Nationell ämneskategori
Sociologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-142111ISBN: 978-91-7601-799-9 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-142111DiVA, id: diva2:1159284
Disputation
2017-12-15, Hörsal E, Humanisthuset, Umeå, 13:15 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2017-11-24 Skapad: 2017-11-22 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-09Bibliografiskt granskad
Delarbeten
1. Mental health problems and social disadvantages as predictors of teenage parenthood: a register-based population study of Swedish boys and girls
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Mental health problems and social disadvantages as predictors of teenage parenthood: a register-based population study of Swedish boys and girls
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Longitudinal and Life Course Studies, E-ISSN 1757-9597, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 212-225Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

It has been argued that the relationship between mental health and teenage parenthood might be explained by the connection of social disadvantage and mental health. This paper embraces a life course approach and investigates the link between social and health disadvantages and teenage parenthood in Sweden, in attempt to disentangle experiences of early mental health problems from other social disadvantage factors. The research questions were explored through random intercept logistic models for panel data. The data for this study consists of all individuals born in Sweden between 1989 and 1994, drawn from Swedish population registers. The final models comprised 680,848 individuals who were followed throughout their teenage years. The results show that mental health problems in youth function as an independent predictor of teenage parenthood, even after adjusting for other social disadvantage factors. This observation applies for both boys and girls. Activities aimed at increasing the perceived life opportunities of youth and giving significance to life may be considered as means of preventing teenage parenthood through policy. This study suggests that such activities could be extended to include teenagers with mental health problems.

Nyckelord
adolescent parents, family, fertility, longitudinal, mental health, teenage parenthood, social selection
Nationell ämneskategori
Sociologi Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-142108 (URN)10.14301/llcs.v9i2.444 (DOI)000438900500005 ()2-s2.0-85046132425 (Scopus ID)
Anmärkning

Originally included in thesis in manuscript form

Tillgänglig från: 2017-11-22 Skapad: 2017-11-22 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-01-23Bibliografiskt granskad
2. Not all the same: Swedish teenage mothers' and fathers' selection into disparate early family formation trajectories
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Not all the same: Swedish teenage mothers' and fathers' selection into disparate early family formation trajectories
2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: Advances in Life Course Research, E-ISSN 1040-2608, Vol. 44, artikel-id 100326Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Previous research has focused on teenage parenthood as a single outcome, and has overlooked the wider family formation trajectory in which it is situated. In this paper, using Swedish register data and sequence analysis tools, we explore the diversity in timing and ordering of childbearing and (re)partnering events among teenage parents. We identify trajectory clusters of traditional family patterns, modern family patterns, single parenthood and re-partnering patterns. We also examine the role of resources in the family of origin for the probability of following the different types of family formation trajectories among teenage parents. Where economic resources in the family of origin is related to the type of trajectory teenage fathers follow, family structure is of greater importance for teenage mothers. The family formation trajectories of teenage parents display substantial heterogeneity, which contradicts a view that a person who has a child early in life suddenly has their life's script written.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2020
Nyckelord
young parenthood, sequence analysis, family formation, family trajectory, teenage, parenthood
Nationell ämneskategori
Sociologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-142109 (URN)10.1016/j.alcr.2020.100326 (DOI)000533545600002 ()2-s2.0-85083667511 (Scopus ID)
Anmärkning

Originally included in thesis in manuscript form.

Tillgänglig från: 2017-11-22 Skapad: 2017-11-22 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-03-24Bibliografiskt granskad
3. The intergenerational persistence of early family formation trajectories in Sweden
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The intergenerational persistence of early family formation trajectories in Sweden
(Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Nationell ämneskategori
Sociologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-142110 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2017-11-22 Skapad: 2017-11-22 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-09
4. Mental health and parenthood: a longitudinal study of the relationship between self-reported mental health and parenthood
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Mental health and parenthood: a longitudinal study of the relationship between self-reported mental health and parenthood
2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Health Sociology Review, ISSN 1446-1242, E-ISSN 1839-3551, Vol. 24, nr 3, s. 283-296Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

According to previous studies, the relationship between parenthood and mental health is not straightforward. One reason could be that selection effects on parenthood are seldom accounted for. Using the unique Northern Swedish Cohort dataset, following individuals from age 16 to 43 (n=1001), this study examines whether there is a selection effect of self-reported mental health in adolescence into parenthood; and whether entry into parenthood is related to subsequent mental health after controlling for prior mental health. Our results show no evidence of a selection effect for women, but men with poor mental health at age 16 were less likely to become fathers. Having children improved women's subsequent mental health after controlling for adolescent mental health, something that was not true for men. Our result reinforces the need for future research of the complex relationship between mental health and parenthood through focusing on, for example, timing of parenthood as well as through using different mental health measures.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Taylor & Francis, 2015
Nyckelord
family formation, mental health, health selection, longitudinal, sociology, Sweden
Nationell ämneskategori
Sociologi Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-111500 (URN)10.1080/14461242.2015.1051079 (DOI)000363309500005 ()2-s2.0-84945129556 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2015-12-09 Skapad: 2015-11-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-03-24Bibliografiskt granskad

Open Access i DiVA

fulltext(918 kB)1404 nedladdningar
Filinformation
Filnamn FULLTEXT01.pdfFilstorlek 918 kBChecksumma SHA-512
b12c664f6ddbef2ac5f85d808b62e47debf2c9046eccd20fb9dd2b49c17acef594d6549f4ad308851a3d5bf6d4a5e2ddf800312c7a086fa6dbde94800252d21f
Typ fulltextMimetyp application/pdf
spikblad(121 kB)59 nedladdningar
Filinformation
Filnamn SPIKBLAD01.pdfFilstorlek 121 kBChecksumma SHA-512
3352d9f744b63677541461eee7a0f5c0d20ecc3b82a1ad31a7476856b0fb7784f556babbbf6451831af3a12c06cc35159cd4b8e390a5b30c8fe6fb32b7860820
Typ spikbladMimetyp application/pdf

Person

Kalucza, Sara

Sök vidare i DiVA

Av författaren/redaktören
Kalucza, Sara
Av organisationen
Sociologiska institutionen
Sociologi

Sök vidare utanför DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Totalt: 1404 nedladdningar
Antalet nedladdningar är summan av nedladdningar för alla fulltexter. Det kan inkludera t.ex tidigare versioner som nu inte längre är tillgängliga.

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetricpoäng

isbn
urn-nbn
Totalt: 2679 träffar
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf