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On different tracks? Gender, professional strategies and early career wage gaps
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7680-334X
2017 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 9-25Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A longstanding notion in labor market theory is that women accommodate family responsibilities in their occupational and job choices. Utilizing a survey of newly graduated highly educated men and women in five occupations in Sweden (n≈2400), the article explores whether men and women differ in their professional strategies and if such differences produce early career wage gaps. Findings based on OLS regressions show that women express dual commitment to work and family; compared with men, they value ‘family-friendly’ work-conditions higher but do not value wages and career lower. Parenthood is not related to lower levels of career focus, but neutralizes occupational differences in family focus for women. Despite the select sample, women have lower wages than men, but the wage gap is not explained by different prioritization of family/career. The findings suggest that assumptions about gendered skill investments must be empirically scrutinized and theories further developed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Roskilde: Roskilde Universitetsforlag, 2017. Vol. 7, no 2, p. 9-25
Keywords [en]
Career focus, family focus, gender, gender wage gap, human capital, labor market inequality, preference, occupational choice, professional strategy, work-family
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-138474DOI: 10.18291/njwls.v7i2.81592ISI: 000412455500003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-138474DiVA, id: diva2:1135641
Available from: 2017-08-23 Created: 2017-08-23 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved

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Grönlund, Anne

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  • de-DE
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  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
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