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Free clinic utilisation by immigrants after the introduction of a restrictive health policy in the Basque Country (Spain)
Department of Nursing I, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Biscay, Spain.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health. Department of Nursing I, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Biscay, Spain.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7234-3510
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8114-4705
2018 (English)In: Public Health, ISSN 0033-3506, E-ISSN 1476-5616, Vol. 163, p. 9-15Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: Policies restricting healthcare access for immigrants were applied in times of reduced public funding for welfare in Spain. This study aimed to assess the impact of the implementation of a more restrictive health policy in the Basque Country region, Decree 114/2012, on the number of consultations attended at a free clinic, where the majority of patients are undocumented immigrants.

STUDY DESIGN: Interrupted time series.

METHODS: A negative binomial regression model was applied in two phases to the number of healthcare consultations during the period 2007-2017 (n = 9272) to estimate the level and trend changes associated with the implementation of the policy. Data were analysed separately by sex and adjusted for consultations' seasonality and unemployment rate and the sex-specific percentage of migrant population in Biscay province as confounding factors.

RESULTS: Different trends of attendance between men and women were observed during the whole period, constituting 76.94% and 23.06% of all consultations, respectively. After the implementation of the decree, the number of consultations for women per trimester decreased and increased for men by 1%, although it was not statistically significant in either of the trends.

CONCLUSIONS: No clear relationship between the implementation of the Basque Decree 114/2012 and an increase in the attendance of immigrants in a free clinic during the studied period was found.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Saunders Elsevier, 2018. Vol. 163, p. 9-15
Keywords [en]
free clinic, health policy, healthcare access, migrant, undocumented immigrants
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-150567DOI: 10.1016/j.puhe.2018.06.006ISI: 000446680400003PubMedID: 30015048OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-150567DiVA, id: diva2:1238229
Available from: 2018-08-13 Created: 2018-08-13 Last updated: 2019-04-24Bibliographically approved

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