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The importance of socio-demographic characteristics, geographic setting, and attitudes for adoption of electric vehicles in Sweden
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography, Transportation Research Unit (TRUM).
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography, Transportation Research Unit (TRUM). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE). Lund University School of Economics and Management, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2593-9439
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography, Transportation Research Unit (TRUM). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2018 (English)In: Travel Behaviour & Society, ISSN 2214-367X, E-ISSN 2214-3688, Vol. 13, p. 118-127Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although the number of different types of EVs is increasing, they still constitute only a small share of the total vehicle market. There are a number of barriers to car owners' adoption of an EV: travel needs, charging infrastructure, the individual car owner's socio-economic characteristics, attitudinal factors, and environmental concern. In this study, the characteristics and geographic location of all private car owners in Sweden (N = 4,447,118) are charted. Through analysis of survey data (N = 1192), the importance of socio-demographic attributes, geographic conditions, car interest, personal and social norms, and environmental concern is estimated. Mapping EV ownership shows that, so far, EV adoption has mainly occurred in metropolitan areas and also to some extent in hotspots outside the metropolitan areas, and that these hotspots are tourist regions that may be exposed to EVs via, for example, Norwegian tourists in the Swedish case. Logistic regression analyses show that age and education level have positive impacts on EV ownership. Residential area also has an influence to some extent, pointing to a slight neighborhood effect in EV adoption. However, the most important factor influencing EV ownership is the individual's personal norms. In addition to showcasing EV adoption patterns in Sweden, the contribution of this study is to point to the importance of the attitudinal factor of personal norm even when geographical conditions and socio-demographic characteristics are controlled for. Implications of the findings are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018. Vol. 13, p. 118-127
Keywords [en]
Electric vehicle, Adoption, Socio-demographic attributes, Geographic setting, Norms, Attitudes
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-152241DOI: 10.1016/j.tbs.2018.07.004ISI: 000444461000010Local ID: 881251OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-152241DiVA, id: diva2:1253325
Funder
Swedish Energy AgencyAvailable from: 2018-10-04 Created: 2018-10-04 Last updated: 2019-02-15Bibliographically approved

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Westin, KerstinJansson, JohanNordlund, Annika

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Transportation Research Unit (TRUM)Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE)Department of Psychology
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Travel Behaviour & Society
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

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