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Longitudinal changes in physical capacity from adolescence to middle age in men and women
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation.
2018 (English)In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 8, article id 14767Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim was to investigate how physical capacity changes from adolescence through early adulthood to middle age with focus on early aging. The aim was also to study if physical capacity in middle age could be predicted by factors in adolescence or early adulthood. A cohort of men and women in Sweden (SPAF-1958, n = 425) have been followed for 36 years, at 16, 34, and 52 years of age. The study includes, among other variables, objective measures of physical capacity. At age 52, 50% of the original cohort participated in exercise testing. Physical capacity increased from 16 to 34 years. From 34 to 52 years, physical capacity decreased in both genders by 15-20% in all but one test. Physical capacity at 16 and 34 years of age were better predictors of physical capacity at age 52 than body dimensions, school grades and life style factors. In conclusion, present data confirm earlier cross-sectional studies regarding the decrease in aerobic capacity and muscular strength during the early ageing period in both genders. The study has also generated novel data that show a smaller decline in muscular endurance than previously reported. Finally, physical capacity is fairly stable from adolescence to middle age.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nature Publishing Group, 2018. Vol. 8, article id 14767
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-152871DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-33141-3ISI: 000446339400051PubMedID: 30283061OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-152871DiVA, id: diva2:1259994
Funder
Swedish National Centre for Research in SportsFredrik och Ingrid Thurings StiftelseSwedish Society of MedicineAvailable from: 2018-10-31 Created: 2018-10-31 Last updated: 2019-02-01Bibliographically approved

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Aasa, Ulrika

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