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Refugee immigration and the growth of low-wage work in the EU15
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Unit of Economic History.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1413-3707
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Regional Science (CERUM).ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3570-7690
Arenagruppen, Arenaide, Stockholm, Sweden.
2019 (English)In: Comparative Migration Studies, ISSN 2214-8590, E-ISSN 2214-594X, Vol. 7, no 39, p. 1-19Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Our paper focuses on current trends in refugee migration and job polarization. In so doing, we assess the role of refugee migration in relation to institutional, technological and globalization factors in an effort to trace the factors underlying the growth of low-paying occupations in EU 15 between 1995 and 2017. Our empirical findings suggest that refugee migration has a small but positive and statistically significant impact on the growth of low-wage occupations in the EU 15 as a whole. However, the effect is attributed to Southern Europe and the UK and Irish economies. Despite hosting relatively large numbers of refugee migrants, the effects in the Nordic countries and Continental Europe are negligible, if present, and non-existent in the long run (5 years). When including all migrant workers, we find a limited impact on the growth of low-wage work in general, while the impact of immigrant workers from low-income third party countries becomes positive for the UK and Irish economy, but less for other European macro-regions. This suggests that institutional settings can play an important role in how the economy adjusts to migration. It also suggests that traditional fiscal cost calculations in relation to migration are often overestimated, as they implicitly build on the assumption that refugees and general immigration have great impacts on the growth of low-wage occupations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 7, no 39, p. 1-19
Keywords [en]
Refugees, Immigration, Low-wage jobs, EU
National Category
Economic History Economic Geography
Research subject
Economic History; Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-163236DOI: 10.1186/s40878-019-0145-3OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-163236DiVA, id: diva2:1350444
Available from: 2019-09-11 Created: 2019-09-11 Last updated: 2019-09-20Bibliographically approved

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Andersson, Lars FredrikEriksson, Rikard

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Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR)Unit of Economic HistoryDepartment of GeographyCentre for Regional Science (CERUM)
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Comparative Migration Studies
Economic HistoryEconomic Geography

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