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Fetal and life course origins of serum lipids in mid-adulthood: results from a prospective cohort study
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Allmänmedicin.
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. (Arcum)ORCID-id: 0000-0002-1773-6896
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2010 (engelsk)Inngår i: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 10, nr 484Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Background During the past two decades, the hypothesis of fetal origins of adult disease has received considerable attention. However, critique has also been raised regarding the failure to take the explanatory role of accumulation of other exposures into consideration, despite the wealth of evidence that social circumstances during the life course impact on health in adulthood. The aim of the present prospective cohort study was to examine the contributions of birth weight and life course exposures (cumulative socioeconomic disadvantage and adversity) to dyslipidemia and serum lipids in mid-adulthood.

Methods A cohort (effective n = 824, 77%) was prospectively examined with respect to self-reported socioeconomic status as well as stressors (e.g., financial strain, low decision latitude, separation, death or illness of a close one, unemployment) at the ages of 16, 21, 30 and 43 years; summarized in cumulative socioeconomic disadvantage and cumulative adversity. Information on birth weight was collected from birth records. Participants were assessed for serum lipids (total cholesterol, low- and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides), apolipoproteins (A1 and B) and height and weight (for the calculation of body mass index, BMI) at age 43. Current health behavior (alcohol consumption, smoking and snuff use) was reported at age 43.

Results Cumulative life course exposures were related to several outcomes; mainly explained by cumulative socioeconomic disadvantage in the total sample (independently of current health behaviors but attenuated by current BMI) and also by cumulative adversity in women (partly explained by current health behavior but not by BMI). Birth weight was related only to triglycerides in women, independently of life course exposures, health behaviors and BMI. No significant association of either exposure was observed in men.

Conclusions Social circumstances during the life course seem to be of greater importance than birth weight for dyslipidemia and serum lipid levels in adulthood.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2010. Vol. 10, nr 484
Emneord [en]
ischemic-heart-disease; adverse childhood experiences; reported birth-weight; risk-factors; cholesterol concentrations; socioeconomic position; arterial-hypertension; living-conditions; mental-health; women
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-41260DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-10-484ISI: 000282237100002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-41260DiVA, id: diva2:405365
Tilgjengelig fra: 2011-03-22 Laget: 2011-03-22 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-08bibliografisk kontrollert

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Fetal and life course origins of serum lipids in mid-adulthood: results from a prospective chort study(271 kB)136 nedlastinger
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Gustafsson, Per EJanlert, UrbanHammarström, Anne

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