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Green conversion of municipal solid wastes into fuels and chemicals
Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kemiska institutionen.
Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kemiska institutionen.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Electronic Journal of Biotechnology, ISSN 0717-3458, E-ISSN 0717-3458, Vol. 26, artikkel-id 4Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Presently, the society is facing a serious challenge for the effective management of the increasing amount of produced municipal solid wastes. The accumulated waste has caused a series of environmental problems such as uncontrolled release of greenhouse gases. Moreover, the increasing amount of wastes has resulted in a shortage of areas available for waste disposal, resulting in a nonsustainable waste management. These problems led to serious public concerns, which in turn resulted in political actions aiming to reduce the amount of wastes reaching the environment. These actions aim to promote sustainable waste management solutions. The main objective of these policies is to promote the recycling of municipal solid waste and the conversion of waste to energy and valuable chemicals. These conversions can be performed using either biological (e.g., anaerobic digestion) or thermochemical processes (e.g., pyrolysis). Research efforts during the last years have been fruitful, and many publications demonstrated the effective conversation of municipal solid waste to energy and chemicals. These processes are discussed in the current review article together with the change of the waste policy that was implemented in the EU during the last years. 

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2017. Vol. 26, artikkel-id 4
Emneord [en]
Anaerobic digestion, Biogas, Conversion of waste to energy, Environmental problems, Ethanol, sification, Hydrogen, Public concerns, Pyrolysis, Uncontrolled release of greenhouse gases, Waste sposal
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Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-133759DOI: 10.1016/j.ejbt.2017.01.004ISI: 000397905100012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-133759DiVA, id: diva2:1092517
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-05-03 Laget: 2017-05-03 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-09bibliografisk kontrollert

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