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Health Impact of PM10, PM2.5 and Black Carbon Exposure Due to Different Source Sectors in Stockholm, Gothenburg and Umea, Sweden
Vise andre og tillknytning
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 14, nr 7, artikkel-id 742Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The most important anthropogenic sources of primary particulate matter (PM) in ambient air in Europe are exhaust and non-exhaust emissions from road traffic and combustion of solid biomass. There is convincing evidence that PM, almost regardless of source, has detrimental health effects. An important issue in health impact assessments is what metric, indicator and exposure-response function to use for different types of PM. The aim of this study is to describe sectorial contributions to PM exposure and related premature mortality for three Swedish cities: Gothenburg, Stockholm and Umea. Exposure is calculated with high spatial resolution using atmospheric dispersion models. Attributed premature mortality is calculated separately for the main local sources and the contribution from long-range transport (LRT), applying different relative risks. In general, the main part of the exposure is due to LRT, while for black carbon, the local sources are equally or more important. The major part of the premature deaths is in our assessment related to local emissions, with road traffic and residential wood combustion having the largest impact. This emphasizes the importance to resolve within-city concentration gradients when assessing exposure. It also implies that control actions on local PM emissions have a strong potential in abatement strategies.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
MDPI AG , 2017. Vol. 14, nr 7, artikkel-id 742
Emneord [en]
dispersion modeling, exposure, health impact assessment, particulate matter, residential wood combustion
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-137922DOI: 10.3390/ijerph14070742ISI: 000407370700074PubMedID: 28686215Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85022011677OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-137922DiVA, id: diva2:1128888
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-07-31 Laget: 2017-07-31 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-09bibliografisk kontrollert

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