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Atmospheric transport and deposition of bromoanisoles along a temperate to arctic gradient
Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kemiska institutionen. (EcoChange ; Arcum)
Vise andre og tillknytning
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Environmental Science and Technology, ISSN 1086-931X, E-ISSN 1520-6912, Vol. 51, nr 19, s. 10974-10982Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Bromoanisoles (BAs) arise from O-methylation of bromophenols, produced by marine algae and invertebrates. BAs undergo sea-air exchange and are transported over the oceans. Here we report 2,4-DiBA and 2,4,6-TriBA in air and deposition on the Swedish west coast (Råö) and the interior of arctic Finland (Pallas). Results are discussed in perspective with previous measurements in the northern Baltic region in 2011−2013. BAs in air decreased from south to north in the order Råö > northern Baltic > Pallas. Geometric mean concentrations at Pallas increased significantly (p < 0.05) between 2002 and 2015 for 2,4-DiBA but not for 2,4,6-TriBA. The logarithm of BA partial pressures correlated significantly to reciprocal air temperature at the coastal station Råö and over the Baltic, but only weakly (2,4-DiBA) or not significantly (2,4,6-TriBA) at inland Pallas. Deposition fluxes of BAs were similar at both sites despite lower air concentrations at Pallas, due to greater precipitation scavenging at lower temperatures. Proportions of the two BAs in air and deposition were related to Henry’s law partitioning and source regions. Precipitation concentrations were 10−40% of those in surface water of Bothnian Bay, northern Baltic Sea. BAs deposited in the bay catchment likely enter rivers and provide an unexpected source to northern estuaries. BAs may be precursors to higher molecular weight compounds identified by others in Swedish inland lakes.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Washington: American Chemical Society (ACS), 2017. Vol. 51, nr 19, s. 10974-10982
Emneord [en]
polybrominated diphenyl ethers, persistent organic pollutants, bromoperoxidase catalyzed dimerization, halogenated natural products, dibenzo-P-dioxins, OH-PBDES, methoxylated derivatives, photochemical formation, brominated anisoles, marine environment
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Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-140301DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.7b03218ISI: 000412716500008PubMedID: 28885011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-140301DiVA, id: diva2:1146924
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EcoChangeTilgjengelig fra: 2017-10-04 Laget: 2017-10-04 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-09bibliografisk kontrollert

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Bidleman, Terry F.Nygren, OlleTysklind, Mats

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