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Growing through asphalt: What counteracts the long-term negative health impact of youth adversity?
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 27, nr Suppl_3, s. 47-47Artikkel i tidsskrift, Meeting abstract (Annet vitenskapelig) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Adversity in the family of origin tends to translate into poor health development. Yet, the fact that this is not the always the case has been seen an indicator of resilience. The current study highlights factors outside the context of the family with the potential to counteract the long-term negative influences of social and material adversity in adolescence on general health status.

Methods: The study was based on the Northern Swedish Cohort born in 1965 (n = 1,001). Measures of social and material adversity, health, and protective factors related to school, peers, and spare time, were derived from questionnaires distributed to the cohort members and their teachers at age 16. Self-rated health was measured at age 43. The main associations were examined by means of ordinal regression analysis, with the role of the protective factors being assessed through interaction analysis.

Results: Social and material adversity in youth was associated with poorer self-rated health in midlife among males and females alike, net of health status at baseline. However, having an advantaged situation with regard to school, peers, or spare time – particularly in terms of being seen as having good educational and work prospects, as well as a high-quality spare time – appeared to protect against the detrimental influences of disadvantaged circumstances in the family context on subsequent health.

Conclusions: There are several factors outside the context of the family that seemingly have the potential to buffer against the negative health consequences stemming from having experienced a disadvantaged upbringing. Initiatives targeted at increasing academic motivation and commitment as well as social capital and relationships in youth, may here be of particular relevance.

Key messages:

  • While the experience of disadvantageous living conditions in adolescence tends to translate into poor health development across the life course, this is not always the case.
  • Advantages related to school, peers, and spare time have the potential of counteracting the negative health impact of an adverse family context.
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
OXFORD UNIV PRESS , 2017. Vol. 27, nr Suppl_3, s. 47-47
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-143147DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/ckx187.120ISI: 000414389800099OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-143147DiVA, id: diva2:1168482
Konferanse
10th European Public Health Conference Sustaining resilient and healthy communities Stockholm, Sweden 1–4 November 2017
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-12-20 Laget: 2017-12-20 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-09bibliografisk kontrollert

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