umu.sePublikasjoner
Endre søk
RefereraExporteraLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
How critical thinking, multicultural education and teacher qualification affect anti-immigrant attitudes
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-3349-5778
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: International Studies in Sociology of Education, ISSN 0962-0214, E-ISSN 1747-5066, Vol. 27, nr 1, s. 42-59Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Previous studies identify a relationship between education and anti-immigrant attitudes. There is, however, uncertainty regarding the underlying explanations linking education to attitudes. In this article, we examine whether a relationship exists between exposure to teaching about critical thinking as well as multiculturalism (measured as religions/cultures as well as xenophobia/racism), and anti-immigrant attitudes among adolescents. In addition, we examine whether teacher qualification matters for attitudes. The analysis is based on survey data collected from high school students in Sweden. The results show an association between exposure to teaching about critical thinking as well as multiculturalism (both indicators) and anti-immigrant attitudes among students, i.e. higher exposure is related to lower levels of anti-immigrant attitudes. However, we find that teaching about xenophobia/racism affects attitudes, but not when simultaneously controlling for teaching about critical thinking and religions/cultures. In terms of teacher qualification, we find that students in schools with a high proportion of certified teachers tend to have lower levels of anti-immigrant attitudes.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Abingdon: Taylor & Francis, 2018. Vol. 27, nr 1, s. 42-59
Emneord [en]
anti-immigrant attitudes, education, critical thinking, multicultural education, teacher qualification, Sweden
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-145047DOI: 10.1080/09620214.2018.1425895ISI: 000428517200004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-145047DiVA, id: diva2:1183731
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-02-19 Laget: 2018-02-19 Sist oppdatert: 2020-03-30bibliografisk kontrollert
Inngår i avhandling
1. It's who you know and what you know: exploring the relationship between education and prejudice in adolescence
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>It's who you know and what you know: exploring the relationship between education and prejudice in adolescence
2019 (engelsk)Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Background: Previous studies have consistently identified an association between higher levels of education and lower levels of anti-immigrant sentiment, but the underlying reasons for this relationship remain unclear. Therefore, this research aims to help explain why education matters for attitudes toward immigrants. This thesis consists of two studies, where in I examine the role of two features of education, specifically the aquistition of knowledge and social relationships.

In the first study, I analyze how two aspects of teaching in schools are associated with anti-immigrant sentiment. I examine education as a means to knowledge by investigating whether the content of education, such as critical thinking and multicultural education, is inversely related to students' prejudice. I also look into the certification of teachers and whether this has a similar effect.

In the second study, I investigate the school as an arena for social interaction and examine the relationship between outgroup contact and prejudiced attitudes. Previous research has found that outgroup contact, especially contact in the form of outgroup friendship, is effective in reducing prejudice. Based on these previous findings, I study how the Secondary Transfer Effect (STE) of friendship with a specific outgroup member is associated with attitudes towards other ethnic or racial groups.

Method: The two studies rely on a cross-sectional survey of Swedish high school students (aged 16-18) administered by 'Forum för levande historia' (Forum for living history) and Statistics Sweden during the 2009-2010 academic year. Additionally, survey participants' responses are matched to registry data. This thesis also uses multilevel (MLM) and ordinary least squares (OLS) regression models.

Results: Results show that both aspects of education are correlated with lower levels of anti-immigrant sentiment. The first study, in which education is a means to knowledge, demonstrates that education focused on critical thinking and multiculturalism are negatively correlated with anti-immigrant sentiment. Furthermore, results show that more exposure to teachings about xenophobia and racism is associated with less prejudice. However, when controlling for exposure to critical thinking, as well as learning about religions and cultures, the results show that exposure to learning about xenophobia and racism are no longer significant. Moreover, there is a negative association between exposure to teachers with a teaching certification or teaching degree and prejudice.

Results from the second study, in which the school functions as an arena for social interaction, shows that positive attitudes associated with intergroup friendship not only generalize to the ethnic outgroup of that friend but, more importantly, also to other secondary outgroups. STEs are most frequently found where boundaries between ingroups and outgroups are perceived to be the thickest. Thus, the presence of STEs appears to be group-specific. Previous research on perceived social distance in Sweden and other countries help shed light on these findings.

In summary, the results of this thesis provide evidence of two different complimentary accounts of the negative relationship between education and prejudice.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Umeå: Sociologiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, 2019. s. 50
Serie
Akademiska avhandlingar vid Sociologiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, ISSN 1104-2508 ; 81
Emneord
anti-immigrant attitudes, education, critical thinking, multicultural education, teacher qualification, intergroup contact theory, secondary transfer effects, friendship
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
sociologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-158134 (URN)978-91-7855-053-1 (ISBN)
Presentation
2019-05-03, Nvbh 1031, Umeå University, Umeå, 15:55 (svensk)
Opponent
Veileder
Forskningsfinansiär
Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation, 2014.0019Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P14-0775:1Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2016-07177
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-05-06 Laget: 2019-04-12 Sist oppdatert: 2019-10-04bibliografisk kontrollert

Open Access i DiVA

fulltext(1480 kB)8 nedlastinger
Filinformasjon
Fil FULLTEXT02.pdfFilstørrelse 1480 kBChecksum SHA-512
421f2759b5a7770efa234b54217c9c6cbb75e5b1b0c5fb487c359810a306293512287f11a9ed6fdbba3a9e6201a9608731cb013fb66b0fb60f85e14d556d3585
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Andre lenker

Forlagets fulltekst

Personposter BETA

Hjerm, MikaelJohansson Sevä, IngemarWerner, Lena

Søk i DiVA

Av forfatter/redaktør
Hjerm, MikaelJohansson Sevä, IngemarWerner, Lena
Av organisasjonen
I samme tidsskrift
International Studies in Sociology of Education

Søk utenfor DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Totalt: 8 nedlastinger
Antall nedlastinger er summen av alle nedlastinger av alle fulltekster. Det kan for eksempel være tidligere versjoner som er ikke lenger tilgjengelige

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric

doi
urn-nbn
Totalt: 847 treff
RefereraExporteraLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf