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Comparison of meal patterns across five European countries using standardized 24-h recall (GloboDiet) data from the EFCOVAL project
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Näringsforskning. Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Nutrition, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: European Journal of Nutrition, ISSN 1436-6207, E-ISSN 1436-6215, Vol. 57, nr 3, s. 1045-1057Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: To examine meal patterns in terms of frequency and circadian timing of eating in five European countries participating in the EFCOVAL project.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 559 men and women, aged 44-65 years, were recruited in Belgium, the Czech Republic, France (Southern part), The Netherlands, and Norway. Dietary data were collected by trained interviewers using standardized computerised 24-h recalls (GloboDiet). Means +/- SE of (1) eating frequency, (2) overnight fasting, and (3) time between eating occasions were estimated by country using means from 2 days of 24-h recalls. We also estimated the frequency of eating occasions per hour by country as well as the proportional energy intake of meals/snacks by country compared to the mean energy intake of all countries.

Results: Mean eating frequency ranged from 4.3 times/day in France to 7.1 times/day in The Netherlands (p < 0.05). Mean overnight fasting was shortest in the Netherlands (9.2 h) and longest in Czech Republic (10.9 h) (p < 0.05). Mean time between single eating occasions was shortest in The Netherlands (2.4 h) and longest in France (4.3 h) (p < 0.05). Different patterns of energy intake by meals and snacks throughout the day were observed across the five countries.

Conclusions: We observed distinct differences in meal patterns across the five European countries included in the current study in terms of frequency and circadian timing of eating, and the proportion of energy intake from eating occasions.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2018. Vol. 57, nr 3, s. 1045-1057
Emneord [en]
Meal/snack pattern, Snacking, Eating frequency, EFCOVAL, GloboDiet/EPIC-Soft, Food consumption
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-146425DOI: 10.1007/s00394-017-1388-0ISI: 000427967500016PubMedID: 28275868OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-146425DiVA, id: diva2:1204678
Merknad

On behalf of the EFCOVAL study group.

Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-05-08 Laget: 2018-05-08 Sist oppdatert: 2018-05-08bibliografisk kontrollert

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