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EXPLORING ATHLETES’ PSYCHOSOCIAL ENVIRONMENT ON THRIVING IN SPORT
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
2017 (engelsk)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
Abstract [en]

This study examined coach-athlete attachment as a contextual enabler for thriving (hedonic and eudaimonic well-being, and subjective performance) in sports, and the mediating effect of basic psychological needs satisfaction between coach-athlete attachment and thriving in sports. A total of 131 Swedish athletes from organized teams and individual sports were recruited (78% women, 22% men, ages between 15-41, M = 18.99, SD = 4.31). An online survey was used to collect data. Results indicated that the sample perceived their coach to fulfil basic attachment functions indicating that the coach can be seen as a context specific attachment figure. Mediation analysis revealed that insecure coach-athlete attachment was negatively associated with well-being. Anxious coach-athlete attachment was negatively associated with subjective performance. Secure coach-athlete attachment was found to be positively associated with well-being. Basic psychological needs generally mediated the association between attachment styles and thriving. Overall, the findings highlight the importance of further examination of coach-athlete attachment and the coaches’ role in supporting athletes’ basic psychological needs in order for them to thrive. 

Abstract [sv]

Denna studie undersökte anknytningsstil mellan coacher och idrottare som en kontextuell, möjliggörande aspekt i relation till ”thriving” (att frodas). Vidare undersöktes huruvida grundläggande psykologiska behov hade en medlade effekt mellan idrottarnas anknytningsstil till coachen och ”thriving”. Totalt 131 svenska idrottare från lagsporter och individuella idrotter rekryterades (78% kvinnor, 22% män i åldrarna 15–41, M = 18.99, SD = 4.31). En onlineenkät användes för att samla in data. Resultatet indikerar att urvalet upplevde att coacherna uppfyllde grundläggande anknytningsfunktion vilket indikerar att coachen kan ses som en kontextspecifik anknytningsperson. Mediationsanalyser visade att otrygg anknytning till coachen var negativt associerat till välmående. Otrygg-ambivalent anknytning till coachen associerade negativt till upplevd prestation. Trygg anknytning till coachen var positivt associerat till välmående. Grundläggande psykologiska behov medlade generellt associationerna mellan anknytningsstilar till coachen och ”thriving”. Sammantaget belyser resultaten vikten av vidare undersökning av anknytning mellan coach och idrottare och coachernas roll i att hjälpa idrottare att både må bra och prestera. 

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2017. , s. 26
Emneord [en]
Attachment, thriving, well-being, performance, sports, basic psychological needs
Emneord [sv]
Anknytning, thriving, välmående, prestation, idrott, grundläggande psykologiska behov
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-148857OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-148857DiVA, id: diva2:1216780
Fag / kurs
Examensarbete i psykologi
Utdanningsprogram
Masters Programme in Sports Psychology
Veileder
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-06-20 Laget: 2018-06-12 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-20bibliografisk kontrollert

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