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Regulation of Listeria monocytogenes Virulence
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Molekylär Infektionsmedicin, Sverige (MIMS). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Umeå Centre for Microbial Research (UCMR). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för molekylärbiologi (Medicinska fakulteten).ORCID-id: 0000-0002-0904-497x
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Microbiology Spectrum, ISSN 2165-0497, Vol. 7, nr 4Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Whereas obligate human and animal bacterial pathogens may be able to depend upon the warmth and relative stability of their chosen replication niche, environmental bacteria such as Listeria monocytogenes that harbor the ability to replicate both within animal cells and in the outside environment must maintain the capability to manage life under a variety of disparate conditions. Bacterial life in the outside environment requires adaptation to wide ranges of temperature, available nutrients, and physical stresses such as changes in pH and osmolarity as well as desiccation. Following ingestion by a susceptible animal host, the bacterium must adapt to similar changes during transit through the gastrointestinal tract and overcome a variety of barriers associated with host innate immune responses. Rapid alteration of patterns of gene expression and protein synthesis represent one strategy for quickly adapting to a dynamic host landscape. Here, we provide an overview of the impressive variety of strategies employed by the soil-dwelling, foodborne, mammalian pathogen L. monocytogenes to straddle diverse environments and optimize bacterial fitness both inside and outside host cells.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
American Society for Microbiology , 2019. Vol. 7, nr 4
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-163702DOI: 10.1128/microbiolspec.GPP3-0064-2019ISI: 000482711900019PubMedID: 31441398Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85071468356OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-163702DiVA, id: diva2:1361636
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-10-16 Laget: 2019-10-16 Sist oppdatert: 2019-10-16bibliografisk kontrollert

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