Umeå University's logo

umu.sePublikasjoner
Endre søk
RefereraExporteraLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
A regional comparison of children's blood cadmium, lead, and mercury in rural, urban and industrial areas of six European countries, and China, Ecuador, and Morocco
Regional Authority of Public Health, Banská Bystrica, Slovakia.
Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.
Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.
Institute for Development of Production and Work Environment (IFA), Quito, Ecuador.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2023 (engelsk)Inngår i: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, ISSN 1232-1087, E-ISSN 1896-494X, Vol. 36, nr 3, s. 349-364Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: The authors aimed to evaluate whether blood cadmium (B-Cd), lead (B-Pb) and mercury (B-Hg) in children differ regionally in 9 countries, and to identify factors correlating with exposure.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The authors performed a cross-sectional study of children aged 7-14 years, living in 2007-2008 in urban, rural, or potentially polluted ("hot spot") areas (ca. 50 children from each area, in total 1363 children) in 6 European and 3 non-European countries. The authors analyzed Cd, Pb, and total Hg in blood and collected information on potential determinants of exposure through questionnaires. Regional differences in exposure levels were assessed within each country.

RESULTS: Children living near industrial "hot-spots" had B-Cd 1.6 (95% CI: 1.4-1.9) times higher in the Czech Republic and 2.1 (95% CI:1.6-2.8) times higher in Poland, as compared to urban children in the same countries (geometric means [GM]: 0.13 μg/l and 0.15 μg/l, respectively). Correspondingly, B-Pb in the "hot spot" areas was 1.8 (95% CI: 1.6-2.1) times higher than in urban areas in Slovakia and 2.3 (95% CI: 1.9-2.7) times higher in Poland (urban GM: 19.4 μg/l and 16.3 μg/l, respectively). In China and Morocco, rural children had significantly lower B-Pb than urban ones (urban GM: 64 μg/l and 71 μg/l, respectively), suggesting urban exposure from leaded petrol, water pipes and/or coal-burning. Hg "hot spot" areas in China had B-Hg 3.1 (95% CI: 2.7-3.5) times higher, and Ecuador 1.5 (95% CI: 1.2-1.9) times higher, as compared to urban areas (urban GM: 2.45 μg/l and 3.23 μg/l, respectively). Besides industrial exposure, traffic correlated with B-Cd; male sex, environmental tobacco smoke, and offal consumption with B-Pb; and fish consumption and amalgam fillings with B-Hg. However, these correlations could only marginally explain regional differences.

CONCLUSIONS: These mainly European results indicate that some children experience about doubled exposures to toxic elements just because of where they live. These exposures are unsafe, identifiable, and preventable and therefore call for preventive actions.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Poland: Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine , 2023. Vol. 36, nr 3, s. 349-364
Emneord [en]
biological monitoring, cadmium, child, environmental pollutants, lead, mercury
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-214412DOI: 10.13075/ijomeh.1896.02139PubMedID: 37681424Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85170188858OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-214412DiVA, id: diva2:1798076
Tilgjengelig fra: 2023-09-18 Laget: 2023-09-18 Sist oppdatert: 2023-09-18bibliografisk kontrollert

Open Access i DiVA

fulltext(323 kB)49 nedlastinger
Filinformasjon
Fil FULLTEXT01.pdfFilstørrelse 323 kBChecksum SHA-512
24104ac22001458e80b967b764253f026bf07054ac7030e84ee5a32086f5f22552477275d7ee62fff85eafb3020e23e86fbf8d804adb4a22b6015e9c83147e2f
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Andre lenker

Forlagets fulltekstPubMedScopus

Person

Nilsson Sommar, JohanBergdahl, Ingvar

Søk i DiVA

Av forfatter/redaktør
Nilsson Sommar, JohanBergdahl, Ingvar
Av organisasjonen
I samme tidsskrift
International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health

Søk utenfor DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Totalt: 49 nedlastinger
Antall nedlastinger er summen av alle nedlastinger av alle fulltekster. Det kan for eksempel være tidligere versjoner som er ikke lenger tilgjengelige

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Totalt: 118 treff
RefereraExporteraLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf