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True or false?: Nineteenth-century Sápmi fertility in qualitative vs. demographic sources
Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam). (Arcum)
Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för samisk forskning (CeSam). (Arcum)ORCID-id: 0000-0001-5762-949X
2012 (engelsk)Inngår i: The History of the Family, ISSN 1081-602X, E-ISSN 1873-5398, Vol. 17, nr 2, s. 157-177Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

There is limited knowledge about childbirth and childcare among Arctic indigenous peoples in historical times, and the Swedish Sami are no exception. The main aim of the present study is to investigate whether the Sami experienced fertility trends parallel to those of the rest of the population in the area and in Sweden as a whole. Digitized parish records offer a unique possibility to include comparisons from ethnic, cultural, geographical and long-term perspectives. The present study compares the statements about fertility and childcare provided by qualitative sources with data from quantitative demographic investigations. This comparison reveals a contrasting picture, from which it is evident that contemporary observers' impressions of the Sami and their childbirths were somewhat inaccurate. Opposite to what the qualitative sources claimed Sami fertility was higher than the national average rates. Moreover, crude birth rates were high and the average number of children in families exceeded what was generally claimed. We can conclude that the statements made by clergy, physicians and travelers concerning childbirth among the Sami did not correspond particularly well with the demographic reality.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Routledge, 2012. Vol. 17, nr 2, s. 157-177
Emneord [en]
fertility, family, indigenous population, demography, infant mortality, Sweden
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-61239DOI: 10.1080/1081602X.2012.687831ISI: 000309285100004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84874308554OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-61239DiVA, id: diva2:565370
Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-11-07 Laget: 2012-11-07 Sist oppdatert: 2018-08-14bibliografisk kontrollert

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Nordin, GabriellaSköld, Peter

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