umu.sePublikasjoner
Endre søk
RefereraExporteraLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Do open youth unemployment and youth programs leave the same mental health scars?: Evidence from a Swedish 27-year cohort study
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health, Karlstad University, SE-651 88 Karlstad, Sweden.
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Socialmedicin.
2015 (engelsk)Inngår i: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 15, artikkel-id 1151Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Resurstyp
Text
Abstract [en]

Background: Recent findings suggest that the mental health costs of unemployment are related to both short- and long-term mental health scars. The main policy tools for dealing with young people at risk of labor market exclusion are Active Labor Market Policy programs for youths (youth programs). There has been little research on the potential effects of participation in youth programs on mental health and even less on whether participation in such programs alleviates the long-term mental health scarring caused by unemployment. This study compares exposure to open youth unemployment and exposure to youth program participation between ages 18 and 21 in relation to adult internalized mental health immediately after the end of the exposure period at age 21 and two decades later at age 43.

Methods: The study uses a five wave Swedish 27-year prospective cohort study consisting of all graduates from compulsory school in an industrial town in Sweden initiated in 1981. Of the original 1083 participants 94.3 % of those alive were still participating at the 27-year follow up. Exposure to open unemployment and youth programs were measured between ages 18–21. Mental health, indicated through an ordinal level three item composite index of internalized mental health symptoms (IMHS), was measured pre-exposure at age 16 and post exposure at ages 21 and 42.

Ordinal regressions of internalized mental health at ages 21 and 43 were performed using the Polytomous Universal Model (PLUM). Models were controlled for pre-exposure internalized mental health as well as other available confounders.

Results: Results show strong and significant relationships between exposure to open youth unemployment and IMHS at age 21 (OR = 2.48, CI = 1.57–3.60) as well as at age 43 (OR = 1.71, CI = 1.20–2.43). No such significant relationship is observed for exposure to youth programs at age 21 (OR = 0.95, CI = 0.72–1.26) or at age 43 (OR = 1.23, CI = 0.93–1.63).

Conclusions: A considered and consistent active labor market policy directed at youths could potentially reduce the short- and long-term mental health costs of youth unemployment.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2015. Vol. 15, artikkel-id 1151
Emneord [en]
Youth unemployment, Youth programs, Mental health, Life course, Unemployment scarring
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-113434DOI: 10.1186/s12889-015-2496-5ISI: 000365310100003PubMedID: 26589399OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-113434DiVA, id: diva2:885419
Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-12-18 Laget: 2015-12-18 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-07bibliografisk kontrollert

Open Access i DiVA

fulltext(430 kB)726 nedlastinger
Filinformasjon
Fil FULLTEXT01.pdfFilstørrelse 430 kBChecksum SHA-512
752901b7874ed0750685ab9bfce5d59eb35de466e459875dd375229f871d0967e61883824aafca39c4c21e9d5dc2e5d23ddeba684b82f93c00aa8a7d6588c863
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Andre lenker

Forlagets fulltekstPubMed

Personposter BETA

Strandh, MattiasNilsson, KarinaNordlund, MadeleneHammarström, Anne

Søk i DiVA

Av forfatter/redaktør
Strandh, MattiasNilsson, KarinaNordlund, MadeleneHammarström, Anne
Av organisasjonen
I samme tidsskrift
BMC Public Health

Søk utenfor DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Totalt: 726 nedlastinger
Antall nedlastinger er summen av alle nedlastinger av alle fulltekster. Det kan for eksempel være tidligere versjoner som er ikke lenger tilgjengelige

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Totalt: 821 treff
RefereraExporteraLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf