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Naturally Occurring IgG Antibodies Provide Innate Protection against Vibrio cholerae Bacteremia by Recognition of the Outer Membrane Protein U
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Molekylär Infektionsmedicin, Sverige (MIMS). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för molekylärbiologi (Medicinska fakulteten).
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Molekylär Infektionsmedicin, Sverige (MIMS). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för molekylärbiologi (Medicinska fakulteten).
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Molekylär Infektionsmedicin, Sverige (MIMS). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för molekylärbiologi (Medicinska fakulteten).
Vise andre og tillknytning
2016 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Innate Immunity, ISSN 1662-811X, E-ISSN 1662-8128, Vol. 8, nr 3, s. 269-283Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Cholera epidemics are caused by Vibrio cholerae serogroups O1 and O139, whereas strains collectively known as non-O1/non-O139 V. cholerae are found in cases of extraintestinal infections and bacteremia. The mechanisms and factors influencing the occurrence of bacteremia and survival of V. cholerae in normal human serum have remained unclear. We found that naturally occurring IgG recognizing V. cholerae outer membrane protein U (OmpU) mediates a serum-killing effect in a complement C1q-dependent manner. Moreover, outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) containing OmpU caused enhanced survival of highly serum-sensitive classical V. cholerae in a dose-dependent manner. OMVs from wild-type and ompU mutant V. cholerae thereby provided a novel means to verify by extracellular transcomplementation the involvement of OmpU. Our data conclusively indicate that loss, or reduced expression, of OmpU imparts resistance to V. cholerae towards serum killing. We propose that the difference in OmpU protein levels is a plausible reason for differences in serum resistance and the ability to cause bacteremia observed among V. cholerae biotypes. Our findings provide a new perspective on how naturally occurring antibodies, perhaps induced by members of the microbiome, may play a role in the recognition of pathogens and the provocation of innate immune defense against bacteremia.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2016. Vol. 8, nr 3, s. 269-283
Emneord [en]
Vibrio cholerae, Outer membrane vesicles, Outer membrane protein U, Serum resistance, Naturally occurring IgG antibodies, C1q
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-118731DOI: 10.1159/000443646ISI: 000375803900006PubMedID: 26934383OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-118731DiVA, id: diva2:915830
Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-03-31 Laget: 2016-03-31 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-07bibliografisk kontrollert

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Aung, Kyaw MinSjöström, Annika Evon Pawel-Rammingen, UlrichUhlin, Bernt EricWai, Sun Nyunt

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