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The relationship between work and family preferences and behaviors: a longitudinal study of gender differences in Sweden
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Socialmedicin.
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health, Karlstad University, Sweden.
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Acta Sociologica, ISSN 0001-6993, E-ISSN 1502-3869, Vol. 60, nr 2, s. 120-133Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Proposed theories to explain gender inequality in the labor market and family, such as gender specialization within families and gender segregation in the labor markets, lack consideration for individual preferences. Preference theory accounts for individual choice and gendered preferences but has been substantially criticized, indicating a need for further research. This study uses Swedish longitudinal data to explore how preferences for work and family relate to behavior. We explore three critical issues raised in previous research: gender differences in preferences; the relationship between work and family changes and subsequent preferences; how preferences relate to work and family behaviors. Our results showed small general gender differences in preferences, although women had a stronger preference for both children and work than men. Changes in work status were further related to changes in work preferences, while changes in family status were related to changes in family preferences. Moreover, preferences had poor predictive power in relation to work and family behaviors. Our results indicate that preferences do not explain gender inequality in Sweden. The relationship between preferences and behaviors seems bidirectional and preferences and behavior within the family sphere has little to do with preferences and behavior within the work sphere.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2017. Vol. 60, nr 2, s. 120-133
Emneord [en]
Gender, family, labor market, preferences, longitudinal, Sweden
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-124668DOI: 10.1177/0001699316659322ISI: 000400089400002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-124668DiVA, id: diva2:954237
Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-08-22 Laget: 2016-08-22 Sist oppdatert: 2019-04-26bibliografisk kontrollert

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