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Geoeffectiveness of Magnetosheath Jets
Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för fysik. (Rymdplasmafysik)
2019 (Engelska)Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (yrkesexamen), 300 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
Abstract [en]

In this report we present spacecraft and ground-based observations of magnetosheath jets impacting the magnetosphere, both as a case study and a statistical study. In the case study, jets were detected in the magnetosheath by the Magnetospheric MultiScale mission, MMS. By utilizing a data-based magnetosphericmodel (Tsyganenko T96 [29]), we estimated which jets were likely to impact the magnetopause and where they would do so. We examined ground based magnetometers, GMAGs, at the expected foot-point to the affected magnetic fieldline and compared this with the spacecraft observations. Theoretical transfertimes for a jet to be detectable by GMAGs have been estimated and compared with the observed time delay, from detection to GMAG response, and they were in good agreement for all cases. The times found for this geoeffective responsewere found to be around 1-2 min, and the response in the GMAGs was in the form of a pulse with an amplitude of around 50 nT. We suggest that jets of along enough time duration can be geoeffective in a way that they are detectable at ground level by GMAGs. It was also found that GMAGs fluctuate more during periods containing many detected jets.

We performed our statistical study with the intention of comparing fluctuations in GMAG observations during Interplanetary Magnetic Field, IMF, configurations which is suggested to be favorable for jet creation. The IMF observationswas provided by the THEMIS (Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms) spacecraft. This was done by selecting periods of steady IMF with different orientations, and examining the GMAGs observed variations. GMAGs were selected based on a region where most of our foot-points were found in our previous case study. We performed this study over a three year interval, and found that GMAGs observe about 2 nT higher variation, according to their standard deviations, during radial IMF compared to northward IMF. During northward IMF we expect less effects from magnetopause phenomena, thus making it suitable to compare with radial IMF. Our statistical investigation support our findings that magnetosheath jets can be geoeffective in a waythat GMAGs can detect them.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2019. , s. 37
Nationell ämneskategori
Fusion, plasma och rymdfysik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-164846OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-164846DiVA, id: diva2:1367636
Ämne / kurs
Examensarbete i teknisk fysik
Utbildningsprogram
Civilingenjörsprogrammet i Teknisk fysik
Handledare
Examinatorer
Tillgänglig från: 2019-11-05 Skapad: 2019-11-04 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-11-05Bibliografiskt granskad

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