umu.sePublikationer
Ändra sökning
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Predictors of smoking cessation: a longitudinal study in a large cohort of smokers
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Yrkes- och miljömedicin.
Visa övriga samt affilieringar
2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Respiratory Medicine, ISSN 0954-6111, E-ISSN 1532-3064, Vol. 132, s. 164-169Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: There are few studies on predictors of smoking cessation in general populations. We studied the smoking cessation rate in relation to several potential predictors, with special focus on respiratory and cardiovascular disease.

Methods: Smokers (n = 4636) from seven centres in Northern Europe, born between 1945 and 1973, who answered a questionnaire in 1999–2001 (the RHINE study) were followed up with a new questionnaire in 2010–2012. Altogether 2564 answered the questionnaire and provided complete data on smoking. Cox regression analyses were performed to calculate hazard ratios (HRs).

Results: A total of 999 subjects (39%) stopped smoking during the study period. The smoking cessation rate was 44.9/1000 person-years. Smoking cessation was more common with increasing age, higher education and fewer years of smoking. Asthma, wheeze, hay fever, chronic bronchitis, diabetes and hypertension did not significantly predict smoking cessation, but smokers hospitalized for ischaemic heart disease during the study period were more prone to stopping smoking (HR 3.75 [2.62–5.37]).

Conclusions: Successful smoking cessation is common in middle-aged smokers, and is associated with few smoking years and higher education. A diagnosis of respiratory disease does not appear to motivate people to quit smoking, nor do known cardiovascular risk factors; however, an acute episode of ischaemic heart disease encouraged smoking cessation in our study population.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2017. Vol. 132, s. 164-169
Nyckelord [en]
smoking, cessation, longitudinal predictors
Nationell ämneskategori
Lungmedicin och allergi Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-142222DOI: 10.1016/j.rmed.2017.10.013ISI: 000418239100026PubMedID: 29229092Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85032303496OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-142222DiVA, id: diva2:1160366
Tillgänglig från: 2017-11-27 Skapad: 2017-11-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-09Bibliografiskt granskad

Open Access i DiVA

fulltext(587 kB)62 nedladdningar
Filinformation
Filnamn FULLTEXT01.pdfFilstorlek 587 kBChecksumma SHA-512
04c70e3cf86bfbf26d64fcf9581fedcaf0a83821ecfea61bf539e3a7cd247ac0663c83ad467f4f049681d356b084fed796a3d6a8d61f1e3f2749a1f138147fa4
Typ fulltextMimetyp application/pdf

Övriga länkar

Förlagets fulltextPubMedScopus

Personposter BETA

Forsberg, Bertil

Sök vidare i DiVA

Av författaren/redaktören
Forsberg, Bertil
Av organisationen
Yrkes- och miljömedicin
I samma tidskrift
Respiratory Medicine
Lungmedicin och allergiFolkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi

Sök vidare utanför DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Totalt: 62 nedladdningar
Antalet nedladdningar är summan av nedladdningar för alla fulltexter. Det kan inkludera t.ex tidigare versioner som nu inte längre är tillgängliga.

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetricpoäng

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Totalt: 70 träffar
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf