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Environmental policy negotiations, transboundary pollution and lobby groups in small open economies
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för nationalekonomi.
2007 (Engelska)Rapport (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

This paper analyzes the consequences of lobby group activity for policy outcomes in economies with transboundary pollution and international environmental policies. International environmental policies are characterized as pollution taxes determined in a negotiation between two countries and it is found, among other things, that the presence of local lobbying tends to reduce the level of pollution taxes. Furthermore, an increase in the environmental concern - here de fined as an increase in the number of environmentalists - may reduce the pollution tax in both countries. It is also possible that increased environmental concern in one country reduces the pollution tax in the other country.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2007.
Serie
Umeå economic studies, ISSN 0348-1018 ; 722
Nyckelord [en]
transboundary pollution, lobbying, pollution tax, Nash
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Forskningsämne
nationalekonomi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-3623OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-3623DiVA, id: diva2:142412
Tillgänglig från: 2008-11-13 Skapad: 2008-11-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-09Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Environmental policy and transboundary externalities: coordination and commitment in open economies
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Environmental policy and transboundary externalities: coordination and commitment in open economies
2008 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

This thesis consists of an introductory chapter and four papers, which relate to environmental policy in the presence of transboundary environmental damage. Paper [I] concerns public policy in a multi-jurisdiction framework with transboundary environmental damage. Each jurisdiction is assumed large in the sense that its government is able to infuence the world-market producer price of the externality-generating good. This gives rise to additional incentives of relevance for national public policy in the non-cooperative Nash equilibrium. With the uncoordinated equilibrium as the reference case, the welfare effects from coordinated changes in public policy variables are analyzed. Paper [II] analyses welfare effects of coordinated changes in environmental and capital taxation in the presence of transboundary environmental externalities and wage bargaining externalities. In the wage bargaining between frms and labor unions, firms use the threat of moving abroad to moderate wage claims, which means that domestic policy infuences wage formation abroad. The specific framework implies welfare effects of policy coordination that correspond to each of the respective international interaction mentioned above. In paper [III], national governments face political pressure from environmental and industrial lobby groups, while pollution taxes are determined in an international negotiation. It is shown that a general increase in the environmental concern and the weight the governments attach to social welfare both tend to increase the pollution tax. However, allowing for asymmetries between the countries means that a general increase in the environmental concern has the potential to reduce the pollution tax. Paper [IV] studies national environmental policies in an economic federation characterized by decentralized leadership. The federal government sets emission targets for each member country, which are implemented by the national governments. Although all national governments have commitment power vis-à-vis the federal government, one of them also has commitment power vis-à-vis the other member countries. This creates incentives to act strategically toward the federal government, as well as toward other members.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Umeå: Nationalekonomi, 2008. s. 25
Serie
Umeå economic studies, ISSN 0348-1018 ; 755
Nyckelord
environmental policy, transboundary externalities, lobbying, international negotiations, policy coordination, endogenous world-market prices, optimal taxation, economic federation
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-1917 (URN)978-91-7264-693-3 (ISBN)
Disputation
2008-12-04, s104, Samhällsvetarhuset, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 13:15
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2008-11-13 Skapad: 2008-11-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-09Bibliografiskt granskad

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Persson, Lars

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