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Organic carbon budget for the Gulf of Bothnia
Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
Institute of Applied Environmental Research, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
Finnish Environment Institute, P.O. Box 140, FIN-00251, Helsinki, Finland.
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2006 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Marine Systems, ISSN 0924-7963, E-ISSN 1879-1573, Vol. 63, nr 3-4, s. 155-161Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

We calculated input of organic carbon to the unproductive, brackish water basin of the Gulf of Bothnia from rivers, point sources and the atmosphere. We also calculated the net exchange of organic carbon between the Gulf of Bothnia and the adjacent marine system, the Baltic Proper. We compared the input with sinks for organic carbon; permanent incorporation in sediments and mineralization and subsequent evasion of CO2 to the atmosphere. The major fluxes were riverine input (1500 Gg C year− 1), exchange with the Baltic Proper (depending on which of several possible DOC concentration differences between the basins that was used in the calculation, the flux varied between an outflow of 466 and an input of 950 Gg C year 1), sediment burial (1100 Gg C year− 1) and evasion to the atmosphere (3610 Gg C year− 1). The largest single net flux was the emission of CO2 to the atmosphere, mainly caused by bacterial mineralization of organic carbon. Input and output did not match in our budget which we ascribe uncertainties in the calculation of the exchange of organic carbon between the Gulf of Bothnia and the Baltic Proper, and the fact that CO2 emission, which in our calculation represented 1 year (2002) may have been overestimated in comparison with long-term means. We conclude that net heterotrophy of the Gulf of Bothnia was due to input of organic carbon from both the catchment and from the Baltic Proper and that the future degree of net heterotrophy will be sensible to both catchment export of organic carbon and to the ongoing eutrophication of the Baltic Proper.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2006. Vol. 63, nr 3-4, s. 155-161
Nyckelord [en]
Organic carbon, Sediment, CO2 emission, River transport, Advective flux
Nationell ämneskategori
Geovetenskap och miljövetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-6226DOI: 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2006.06.004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-6226DiVA, id: diva2:145894
Tillgänglig från: 2007-12-07 Skapad: 2007-12-07 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-09Bibliografiskt granskad

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Brydsten, LarsWikner, JohanJansson, Mats

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Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskapUmeå marina forskningscentrum (UMF)
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