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Multimodal student interaction online: An ecological perspective
Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för språkstudier. Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Humlab.
2009 (Engelska)Ingår i: ReCALL, ISSN 0958-3440, E-ISSN 1474-0109, Vol. 21, nr 2, s. 186-205Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This article describes the influence of tool and task design on student interaction in language learning at a distance. Interaction in a multimodal desktop video conferencing environment, FlashMeeting, is analyzed from an ecological perspective with two main foci: participation rates and conversational feedback strategies. The quantitative analysis of participation rates shows that as far as verbal interaction is concerned, multimodality did not have an equalizing effect in this context, contradicting previous research on multimodal student interaction. Additionally, the qualitative analysis of conversational feedback strategies shows that whereas some multimodal strategies were employed, the students did not manage to fully act upon the communicative affordances of the tool, as the feedback ratio during and after the often long broadcasts was relatively low. These findings are related to task and tool design and the article discusses how design improvements in these areas might result in a more constructive language learning ecology.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press , 2009. Vol. 21, nr 2, s. 186-205
Nyckelord [en]
Language learning ecology, task and tool design, multimodal desktop video conferencing, equalization, common ground, conversational feedback
Nationell ämneskategori
Kommunikationsvetenskap Studier av enskilda språk
Forskningsämne
engelska; pedagogik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-26058DOI: 10.1017/S0958344009000184OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-26058DiVA, id: diva2:236347
Tillgänglig från: 2009-09-22 Skapad: 2009-09-22 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-08Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Making sense digitally: Conversational coherence in online and mixed-mode contexts
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Making sense digitally: Conversational coherence in online and mixed-mode contexts
2009 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Successful interaction makes sense to its participants – it is, in other words, coherent. As different resources are employed to indicate mutual orientation by showing which actions are linked and where attention is paid, coherent conversation can be said to be achieved multimodally. This thesis builds on an interactional and ecological theoretical basis, and investigates how strategies for sense-making vary depending on the context of interaction.

Specifically, this is a study of interaction in different types of multimodal and multiplex communication situations. The characteristics of these technology-rich communication situations are mapped and, primarily through ethnographic methods and interaction analysis, it is investigated how conversational coherence is maintained. Furthermore, it is suggested how the findings can be applied to inform interaction design.

The analysis presented is based on results from four case studies, dealing with different aspects of coherence creation in different English speaking contexts. Study 1 investigates coherence in intertwined threads in dyad instant messaging (IM) interaction, and Study 2 focuses on coherence through conversational feedback strategies in interaction in a multimodal desktop video conferencing system. Study 3 has a somewhat broader focus, as the multiple communication channels in which one participant is involved are all taken into consideration in the investigation of sequential coherence. Finally, in Study 4, the physical and digital interaction in a partly shared studio space is investigated, with an emphasis on how mutual orientation is established during conversation initiation.

The findings show that when addressing coherence it is important to acknowledge both dynamic aspects of context, such as activity and participants, and more static aspects, such as communicative affordances of environments and tools. In online and mixed-mode interaction, the notion of context becomes particularly complex, as participants are simultaneously part of both the individual context, which may include digital tools for communication, and the shared context of interaction (polycontextuality). In this thesis, it is further shown that this has consequences for coherent conversation initiation and possibilities to engage in multiple semi-simultaneous conversations (polyfocality). Additionally, the results emphasize the importance of explicit linguistic strategies in computer-mediated interaction.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2009. s. 85
Serie
Studier i språk och litteratur från Umeå universitet ; 7
Nyckelord
Conversational coherence, context, communicative affordances, conversation analysis, multimodality, cohesion, sequential structure, attention, polyfocality, polycontextuality
Nationell ämneskategori
Studier av enskilda språk Kommunikationsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
engelska
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-26060 (URN)978-91-7264-852-4 (ISBN)
Distributör:
Institutionen för språkstudier, 901 87, Umeå
Disputation
2009-10-17, Hörsal E, Humanisthuset, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 10:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2009-09-25 Skapad: 2009-09-22 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-08Bibliografiskt granskad

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Örnberg Berglund, Therese

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