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Mental health among the unemployed and the unemployment rate in the municipality
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering.
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin.
2011 (Engelska)Ingår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, ISSN ISSN 1101-1262, Vol. 21, nr 6, s. 799-805Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Previous research has shown that unemployment experiences increase the risk of poor mental health and that this effect differs depending on individual characteristics. Relatively little is known, however, about how the unemployment rate and labour market conditions impact the relationship. This study investigates how municipal unemployment rates and vacancy rates affect mental health in a nationally representative longitudinal survey of initially unemployed Swedish respondents.

Methods: The study uses a nationally representative longitudinal survey of currently and recently unemployed people in Sweden, in which respondents were re-interviewed one year after the initial interview. Mental health was measured using the GHQ-12. The present article uses multilevel models (hierarchical linear models) to combine municipal-level information on unemployment levels and vacancy rates with individual-level control variables.

Results: Higher municipal vacancy rates improved mental health among the unemployed. However, no coherent effect of municipal unemployment rate on the relationship between unemployment and mental health was found.

Conclusions: The effect of municipal vacancy rates can be understood in terms of the impact of perceived opportunity on the sense of life-course predictability. That there was no effect of municipal unemployment rate indicates that high local unemployment levels do not reduce the sense of shame and perceived stigma among the unemployed. Taken together, our findings would seem to present a rather bleak picture of the current dramatic labour market situation. The unemployed will be negatively affected by the extremely low demand for labour, while they will not be able to take comfort from their growing numbers.

Background: Previous research has shown that unemployment experiences increase the risk of poormental health and that this effect differs depending on individual characteristics. Relatively little is known, however, about how the unemployment rate and labour market conditions impact the relationship. This study investigates how municipal unemployment rates and vacancy rates affect mental health in a nationally representative longitudinal survey of initially unemployed Swedish respondents.

Methods: The study uses a nationally representative longitudinal survey of currently and recently unemployed people in Sweden, in which respondents were re-interviewed one year after the initial interview. Mental health was measured using the GHQ-12. The present article uses multilevel models (hierarchical linear models) to combine municipal-level information on unemployment levels and vacancy rates with individual-level control variables.

Results: Higher municipal vacancy rates improved mental health among the unemployed. However, no coherent effect of municipal unemployment rate on the relationship between unemployment and mental health was found.

Conclusions: The effect of municipal vacancy rates can be understood in terms of the impact of perceived opportunity on the sense of life-course predictability. That there was no effect of municipal unemployment rate indicates that high local unemployment levels do not reduce the sense of shame and perceived stigma among the unemployed. Taken together, our findings would seem to present a rather bleak picture of the current dramatic labour market situation. The unemployed will be negatively affected by the extremely low demand for labour, while they will not be able to take comfort from their growing numbers.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Oxford: Oxford Journals - Oxford University Press , 2011. Vol. 21, nr 6, s. 799-805
Nyckelord [en]
mental health, multilevel analysis, unemployment, unemployment rate
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Forskningsämne
sociologi; folkhälsa
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-37662DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/ckq147OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-37662DiVA, id: diva2:369627
Anmärkning

The European Journal of Public Health Advance Access published October 13, 2010.

Tillgänglig från: 2010-11-23 Skapad: 2010-11-11 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-08Bibliografiskt granskad

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Strandh, MattiasNovo, MehmedHammarström, Anne

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Strandh, MattiasNovo, MehmedHammarström, Anne
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Sociologiska institutionenInstitutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabiliteringInstitutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin
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European Journal of Public Health
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi

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