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Off-road vehicle fatalities: a comparison of all-terrain vehicle and snowmobile accidents in Sweden
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Rättsmedicin.
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Rättsmedicin. (Arcum)
2013 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Association of Traffic and Safety Sciences (IATSS) Research, ISSN 0386-1112, Vol. 37, s. 12-15Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigates accident fatalities involving two types of off-road vehicles: snowmobiles and all-terrain vehicles (ATVs). All snowmobile fatalities in Sweden from the 2006/2007 season through the 2011/2012 season, and all ATV fatalities from 2007 through 2012, were retrospectively examined. A total of 107 fatalities—57 snowmobile-related and 50 ATV-related—were found. Most deaths occurred on weekends (71% of the snowmobile-related and 72% of the ATV-related). A majority of the fatalities were males (91% and 94%), with the largest share in the age group 40–49 years (19% and 24%). The most common causes of death were blunt trauma (56% and 66%), drowning (30% vs 6%), and traumatic asphyxia (9% vs 14%). Among victims who were tested (95% vs 92%), a very high share was found to be inebriated (59% vs 61%), and mean blood alcohol concentration was also high (1.9 vs 1.7 g/l). Forty-seven percent of snowmobile-related fatalities and 48% of ATV-related fatalities had a blood alcohol concentration above 1.0 g/l. This means that there was a very strong association between off-road vehicle fatalities and drunken riding; steps to prevent riding while intoxicated seem to be the most important preventive measure. Automatic measures such as alcolocks are probably the most effective. The obvious at-risk group to target is middle-aged men with high alcohol consumption.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2013. Vol. 37, s. 12-15
Nyckelord [en]
all-terrain vehicles, ATVs, snowmobiles, fatal crashes, fatalities, off-road vehicles
Nationell ämneskategori
Rättsmedicin
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-122245DOI: 10.1016/j.iatssr.2013.06.002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-122245DiVA, id: diva2:937866
Tillgänglig från: 2016-06-16 Skapad: 2016-06-16 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-07Bibliografiskt granskad

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Gustafsson, TorfinnEriksson, Anders

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