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Designing Usable Bioinformatics Tools for Specialized Users
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Plant Physiology. Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå Plant Science Centre (UPSC).ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1589-9138
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Plant Physiology. Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå Plant Science Centre (UPSC).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6031-005x
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics. (Q-life)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9419-0682
2019 (English)In: Information Technology and Systems: Proceedings of ICITS 2019 / [ed] Rocha Á., Ferrás C., Paredes M., Cham: Springer, 2019, p. 649-670Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Visualization - the process of interpreting data into visual forms - is increasingly important in science as data grows rapidly in volume and complexity. A common challenge faced by many biologists is how to benefit from this data deluge without being overwhelmed by it. Here, our main interest is in the visualization of genomes, sequence alignments, phylogenies and systems biology data. Bringing together new technologies, including design theory, and applying them into the above three areas in biology will improve the usability and user interaction.

The main goal of this paper is to apply design principles to make bioinformatics resources, evaluate them using different usability methods, and provide recommended steps to design usable tools.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2019. p. 649-670
Series
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, ISSN 2194-5357, E-ISSN 94-5365 ; 918
Keywords [en]
User Experience Designing, Participatory Design, Bioinformatics
National Category
Media and Communications Human Computer Interaction
Research subject
media and communication studies; human-computer interaction
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-153032DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-11890-7_62ISBN: 978-3-030-11889-1 (print)ISBN: 978-3-030-11890-7 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-153032DiVA, id: diva2:1260363
Conference
ICITS'19 - The 2019 International Conference on Information Technology & Systems
Available from: 2018-11-02 Created: 2018-11-02 Last updated: 2020-05-05Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Human-computer interaction principles for developing web-based genomics resources
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Human-computer interaction principles for developing web-based genomics resources
2020 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[sv]
Mänskliga-datorinteraktion principer för utveckling av webb-baserade resurser för genomik
Abstract [en]

Genomics projects, including genome sequencing, transcriptomics, genome-wide association mapping and epigenetics assays, producevast quantities of data. Extracting the required information from such complex datasets is a significant challenge and even where software tools do exist, these are often not intuitive or designed fornon-specialist users. This dissertation details how I have applied design principles from the field of Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) to the development of intuitive bioinformatics web-based resources for exploring genomics data. In the first part of the thesis I detail the development of a specialised genomics resource that enables non specialists who lack bioinformatics skills to access, explore and extract new knowledge from a variety of genomics data types. These tools were developed in collaboration with wet lab biologists and bioinformaticians who represent typical end-users. The tools developed have been integrated within the PlantGenIE (Plant Genome IntegrativeExplorer) web resource, which has been established as a platform for exploring genomics data for Populus, conifer, Eucalyptus and Arabidopsisgenomics data. Even though the ability to collect, store and manage data is increasing faster due to new technologies and science, our ability to understand it remains constant. To help address this, in the second part of this dissertation I focus on the usability enhancement of tools based on the HCI and User Experience (UX) practices. To achieve this, I utilised visualisation techniques and design principles in the design process for the improvement of the PlantGenIEUser Interface (UI), and applied usability methods to evaluate the UX of PlantGenIE tools. These results were then used to inform adaptations and fine-tuning of those. I show that utilisation of these research methods and practices with the development life cycle represents a framework for designing usable bioinformatics tools. Wider-scale use of these methods by future designers and developers will enable the creation of more usable bioinformatics resources.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå Universitet, 2020. p. 62
National Category
Bioinformatics and Systems Biology Genetics Human Computer Interaction
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-170109 (URN)978-91-7855-284-9 (ISBN)978-91-7855-285-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2020-06-11, Stora hörsalen (KB3B1), KBC-huset, Umeå, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2020-05-20 Created: 2020-04-27 Last updated: 2020-05-25Bibliographically approved

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Mannapperuma, ChanakaStreet, NathanielWaterworth, John

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